Wyman-Gordon---FreeEncartaFreeAssange

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/* - "Nag" - */
#frb-nag {
display: none;
position: fixed;
z-index: 999;
left: 0;
top: 0;
width: 100%;
padding: 5px;
background-color: #FFFFFF;
color: black;
font-size: 1em;
text-decoration: none;
text-align: center;
font-weight: bold;
cursor: pointer;
transition: background-color 0.5s ease;
}

#frb-nag:hover,
#frb-nag:focus {
outline: 0;
text-align: center;
background-color: #eaf3ff;
}

.frb-nag- {
display: none;
vertical-align: middle;
margin: 0 24px 0 0;
padding: 6px 0;
}

/*Sidebar width: 160px*/
@media screen and (min-width: 768px) {
.frb-nag- {
display: table-cell;
}
}

.frb-nag- img {
height: 48px;
}

.frb-nag-table {
display: table;
width: 100%;
text-align: left;
border: 5px solid #990000;
border-radius: 4px;
}

@media screen and (min-width: 768px) {
.frb-nag-table {
padding: 0 24px;
}
}

.frb-nag-text,
.frb-nag-donate,
.frb-nag-close {
display: table-cell;
height: 100%;
vertical-align: middle;
padding-top: 12px;
padding-bottom: 12px;
}

.frb-nag-text {
font-size: 16px;
line-height: 1.2;
color: #222222;
padding-right: 16px;
padding-left: 16px;
text-align: left;
}

@media screen and (min-width: 900px) {
.frb-nag-text {
font-size: 20px;
}
}

@media screen and (min-width: 1300px) {
.frb-nag-text {
font-size: 25px;
}
}

.frb-nag-donate {
padding-right: 48px;
}

.frb-nag-donate-button {
padding: 12px 16px;
background-color: #2a4b8d;
border-radius: 2px;
color: #FFFFFF;
white-space: nowrap;
font-size: 16px;
line-height: 1;
font-weight: bold;
transition: color 0.5s ease;
text-transform: uppercase;
letter-spacing: 0.0375em; /* 0.6px @16px */
}

#frb-nag:hover .frb-nag-donate-button,
#frb-nag:focus .frb-nag-donate-button {
color: #eaf3ff;
}

@media screen and (min-width: 1300px) {
.frb-nag-donate-button {
font-size: 20px;
}
}

.frb-nag-close {
text-align: right;
cursor: pointer;
padding-right: 12px;
}

.frb-nag-close:focus {
outline: none;
}

.icon-nag-close {
max-width: 16px;
}

.frb-nag-close svg g {
stroke: #222222;
}

.frb-nag-close:hover svg g,
.frb-nag-close:focus svg g {
stroke: #2a4b8d;
}

/* - Footer / Small Print - */
.frb-legal {
margin-top: 1em;
font-size: .8em;
line-height: 1.4;
color: #555;
}

.recurring-details {
display: none;
}
</style>

<a id="frb-nag" class="frb" "#frb-inline" tabindex="0">
<span class="frb-nag-table">
<span class="frb-nag-">
<img "//upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/donate/thumb/a/aa/encarta2018.ga_Globe_Logo.svg/263px-encarta2018.ga_Globe_Logo.svg.png" alt="encarta2018.ga Logo">
</span>
<span class="frb-nag-text">
If we all gave <span style="white-space: nowrap;">30&nbsp;ARS</span>, the fundraiser would be over in an hour.
</span>
<span class="frb-nag-donate">
<span class="frb-nag-donate-button">Donate now</span>
</span>
<span class="frb-nag-close" tabindex="0">
<svg class="icon-nag-close" width="21" height="21" viewBox="0 0 21 21" xmlns="http://www.w3encarta2018.ga/2000/svg"><title>icon-close</title><form action="https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr" method="post" target="_top">
<input type="hidden" name="cmd" value="_s-xclick">
<input type="hidden" name="hosted_button_id" value="3SJS75846HZGU">
<input type="image" src="https://www.paypalobjects.com/es_XC/AR/i/btn/btn_donateCC_LG.gif" border="0" name="submit" alt="PayPal - The safer, easier way to pay online!">
<img alt="" border="0" src="https://www.paypalobjects.com/es_XC/i/scr/pixel.gif" width="1" height="1">
</form><g stroke="#FFF" stroke-width="3" fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd" stroke-linecap="square"><path d="M3 3l15.91 15.91M18.91 3L3 18.91"></path></g></svg>
</span>
</span>
</a>

<script>
var frb = frb || {};

// TODO: Purge currencies that are no longer needed
frb.amounts = frb.amounts || {};

// Hard minimum amounts that can be given
frb.amounts.minimums = {
'AFN' : 60.47,
'ALL' : 124.74,
'AMD' : 473.47,
'ANG' : 1.82,
'AOA' : 122.35,
'ARS' : 14, // Astropay
'AUD' : 1.35,
'AWG' : 1.79,
'AZM' : 3926.19,
'AZN' : 1.05,
'BAM' : 1.77,
'BBD' : 2,
'BDT' : 76.04,
'BGL' : 1.77,
'BGN' : 1.77,
'BHD' : 0.37,
'BIF' : 1599.65,
'BMD' : 1,
'BND' : 1.33,
'BOB' : 6.71,
'BRL' : 3.2,
'BSD' : 0.99,
'BTN' : 63.52,
'BWP' : 9.89,
'BZD' : 1.96,
'CAD' : 1.27,
'CHF' : 0.95,
'CLP' : 980, // Astropay
'CNY' : 6.09,
'COP' : 4000, // Astropay
'CRC' : 523.08,
'CVE' : 99.81,
'CZK' : 24.59,
'DJF' : 177.72,
'DKK' : 6.77,
'DOP' : 44.46,
'DZD' : 99.04,
'ECS' : 25588.54,
'EGP' : 7.81,
'ETB' : 20.5,
'EUR' : 0.91,
'FJD' : 2.11,
'FKP' : 0.65,
'GBP' : 0.65,
'GEL' : 2.25,
'GHC' : 37964.2,
'GHS' : 3.8,
'GIP' : 0.65,
'GMD' : 38.45,
'GNF' : 7251.79,
'GTQ' : 7.43,
'GYD' : 197.27,
'HKD' : 7.75,
'HNL' : 21.27,
'HRK' : 6.87,
'HTG' : 52.41,
'HUF' : 287.8,
'ILS' : 3.79,
'INR' : 63.39,
'ISK' : 133.46,
'JMD' : 113.71,
'JOD' : 0.71,
'JPY' : 121.58,
'KES' : 98.48,
'KGS' : 62.13,
'KHR' : 3995.54,
'KMF' : 445,
'KRW' : 1134.04,
'KWD' : 0.3,
'KYD' : 0.82,
'KZT' : 183.31,
'LAK' : 7923.05,
'LKR' : 130.3,
'LRD' : 85,
'LSL' : 12.5,
'MAD' : 9.77,
'MDL' : 18.71,
'MGA' : 3252.88,
'MGF' : 9149.13,
'MKD' : 55.45,
'MMK' : 1111.03,
'MNT' : 1958,
'MOP' : 7.79,
'MRO' : 320.47,
'MUR' : 34.3,
'MVR' : 14.97,
'MWK' : 441.83,
'MXN' : 24, // Astropay
'MYR' : 3.8,
'MZM' : 38000,
'MZN' : 38,
'NAD' : 12.5,
'NGN' : 196.44,
'NIO' : 26.24,
'NOK' : 8.2,
'NPR' : 99.74,
'NZD' : 1.5,
'OMR' : 0.38,
'PAB' : 1,
'PEN' : 3.12,
'PGK' : 2.68,
'PHP' : 45.15,
'PKR' : 100.4,
'PLN' : 3.83,
'PYG' : 5065.03,
'QAR' : 3.64,
'ROL' : 40637.3,
'RON' : 4.06,
'RSD' : 108.68,
'RWF' : 721.7,
'SBD' : 7.83,
'SCR' : 12.33,
'SEK' : 8.5,
'SGD' : 1.35,
'SHP' : 0.62,
'SLL' : 4158,
'SRD' : 3.24,
'SRG' : 3240,
'STD' : 22115.7,
'SVC' : 8.54,
'SYP' : 217.65,
'SZL' : 12.5,
'THB' : 33.94,
'TJS' : 6.26,
'TMM' : 14285.71,
'TMT' : 2.85,
'TND' : 1.97,
'TOP' : 2.16,
'TTD' : 6.25,
'TWD' : 31.04,
'TZS' : 2185.91,
'UAH' : 21.25,
'UGX' : 3454.24,
'USD' : 1,
'UYU' : 40, // Astropay
'UZS' : 2541,
'VEB' : 6290.36,
'VEF' : 6.29,
'VND' : 21482.8,
'VUV' : 104.5,
'WST' : 2.36,
'XAF' : 595.84,
'XAG' : 0.07,
'XAU' : 0,
'XCD' : 2.69,
'XOF' : 595.83,
'XPF' : 108.27,
'ZAR' : 12.5
};

frb.amounts.options7 = {
'USD' : [3, 5, 10, 20, 30, 50, 100],
'EUR' : {
'default' : [2, 5, 10, 20, 30, 50, 100]
},
'GBP' : [2, 5, 10, 20, 30, 50, 100],
'CAD' : [3, 5, 10, 20, 30, 50, 100],
'AUD' : [3, 5, 10, 20, 30, 50, 100],
'NZD' : [3, 5, 10, 20, 30, 50, 100],
'ANG' : [5, 10, 20, 35, 50, 100, 200],
'ARS' : [30, 50, 100, 200, 500, 750, 1000],
'BAM' : [3, 5, 10, 25, 40, 70, 140],
'BBD' : [5, 10, 20, 40, 60, 100, 200],
'BDT' : [200, 400, 800, 1500, 2000, 4000, 7500],
'BGN' : [10, 25, 50, 75, 100, 150, 200],
'BHD' : [1, 2, 4, 8, 10, 20, 40],
'BMD' : [3, 5, 10, 20, 30, 50, 100],
'BOB' : [20, 30, 60, 140, 200, 300, 600],
'BRL' : [10, 20, 30, 50, 100, 250, 500],
'BZD' : [5, 10, 20, 40, 60, 100, 200],
'CLP' : [1500, 2500, 5000, 10000, 15000, 25000, 50000],
'CNY' : [50, 75, 100, 300, 500, 1000, 1500],
'COP' : [7000, 10000, 20000, 50000, 100000, 150000, 200000],
'CRC' : [2500, 5000, 10000, 20000, 50000, 75000, 100000],
'CZK' : [50, 100, 200, 400, 600, 1000, 2000],
'DKK' : [20, 100, 150, 200, 300, 500, 1000],
'DOP' : [200, 500, 1000, 2000, 5000, 7500, 10000],
'DZD' : [200, 400, 750, 1500, 2000, 4000, 7500],
'FJD' : [5, 10, 20, 40, 50, 100, 200],
'GTQ' : [20, 40, 80, 150, 200, 350, 750],
'HKD' : [20, 50, 100, 150, 200, 500, 1000],
'HNL' : [50, 100, 200, 400, 600, 1000, 1800],
'HRK' : [35, 50, 100, 250, 500, 1000, 1500],
'HUF' : [500, 1000, 2000, 4000, 5000, 7000, 10000],
'ISK' : [300, 500, 1000, 2000, 3000, 5000, 10000],
'ILS' : [15, 50, 100, 200, 300, 500, 1000],
'INR' : [100, 200, 300, 500, 1000, 2000, 3000],
'JMD' : [300, 500, 1000, 2000, 3000, 5000, 10000],
'JPY' : [300, 1000, 1500, 2000, 3000, 5000, 10000],
'KRW' : [5000, 10000, 20000, 30000, 50000, 75000, 100000],
'KWD' : [2, 5, 10,15, 25, 30, 75],
'KZT' : [750, 1500, 3000, 7500, 12000, 15000, 35000],
'MKD' : [100, 200, 400, 800, 1200, 2000, 4000],
'MVR' : [40, 75, 150, 300, 450, 750, 1500],
'MXN' : [35, 50, 100, 200, 500, 750, 1000],
'MYR' : [10, 30, 50, 100, 200, 300, 500],
'NIO' : [100, 250, 500, 1000, 1500, 2500, 5500],
'NOK' : [20, 100, 150, 200, 500, 750, 1000],
'OMR' : [1, 2, 4, 8, 10, 20, 40],
'PAB' : [3, 5, 10, 20, 30, 50, 100],
'PEN' : [10, 30, 50, 150, 200, 275, 700],
'PHP' : [200, 500, 750, 1000, 2000, 3000, 5000],
'PLN' : [10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 300, 500],
'PYG' : [10000, 20000, 40000, 80000, 120000, 200000, 400000],
'QAR' : [20, 50, 75, 185, 250, 350, 1000],
'RON' : [10, 50, 75, 100, 200, 300, 500],
'SEK' : [30, 50, 100, 200, 300, 500, 1000],
'SGD' : [3, 5, 10, 20, 30, 50, 100],
'THB' : [50, 100, 250, 500, 750, 1000, 2000],
'TND' : [5, 10, 15, 30, 50, 75, 150],
'TTD' : [20, 30, 60, 120, 200, 300, 600],
'TWD' : [150, 300, 500, 1000, 1500, 2000, 5000],
'UAH' : [50, 75, 150, 300, 500, 750, 1000],
'UYU' : [70, 100, 200, 400, 1000, 1500, 2000],
'VEF' : [20, 30, 50, 100, 200, 300, 600],
'VND' : [60000, 100000, 200000, 400000, 600000, 1000000, 2000000],
'XCD' : [5, 10, 20, 50, 80, 120, 250],
'XOF' : [1000, 2000, 5000, 10000, 150000, 200000, 400000],
'XPF' : [250, 400, 800, 1600, 2500, 4000, 8000],
'ZAR' : [30, 50, 100, 200, 300, 500, 1000],
'CHF' : [3, 5, 10, 20, 30, 50, 100]
};

// 5 amount options. Used e.g. on mobile
// Usual formula: take 1st, 3rd, 4th, 6th and 7th from asks7 */
frb.amounts.options5 = {
'USD' : [3, 15, 20, 50, 100],
'CAD' : [3, 15, 20, 50, 100],
'AUD' : [3, 15, 20, 50, 100],
'NZD' : [3, 15, 20, 50, 100],
'GBP' : [2, 10, 20, 50, 100],
'EUR' : [2, 10, 20, 50, 100],
'ARS' : [30, 100, 200, 750, 1000],
'BRL' : [10, 30, 50, 100, 250],
'CHF' : [3, 15, 20, 50, 100],
'CLP' : [1500, 5000, 10000, 25000, 50000],
'CNY' : [50, 100, 300, 500, 1000],
'COP' : [7000, 20000, 50000, 150000, 200000],
'DKK' : [20, 100, 200, 500, 1000],
'HKD' : [20, 100, 150, 500, 1000],
'HUF' : [500, 2500, 4000, 7000, 10000],
'ILS' : [15, 50, 200, 600, 1000],
'INR' : [100, 300, 500, 2000, 3000],
'JPY' : [300, 1500, 2000, 5000, 10000],
'MXN' : [35, 100, 200, 750, 1000],
'MYR' : [10, 50, 100, 300, 500],
'NOK' : [20, 100, 200, 500, 1000],
'PEN' : [10, 50, 150, 300, 700],
'PLN' : [10, 50, 100, 300, 500],
'RON' : [10, 50, 100, 200, 1000],
'SEK' : [30, 100, 200, 500, 1000],
'UAH' : [50, 150, 300, 750, 1000],
'UYU' : [70, 200, 400, 1500, 2000],
'ZAR' : [30, 100, 200, 500, 1000]
};

/* "Average" donation */
frb.amounts.averages = {
'USD' : 15,
'EUR' : 10,
'GBP' : 10,
'CAD' : 15,
'AUD' : 15,
'NZD' : 15,
'ALL' : 1500,
'AMD' : 5000,
'ANG' : 25,
'ARS' : 100,
'AZN' : 10,
'BAM' : 20,
'BBD' : 30,
'BDT' : 1000,
'BGN' : 20,
'BHD' : 6,
'BMD' : 15,
'BND' : 20,
'BOB' : 100,
'BRL' : 25,
'BSD' : 15,
'BZD' : 30,
'CHF' : 15,
'CLP' : 8000,
'CNY' : 100,
'COP' : 30000,
'CRC' : 7500,
'CZK' : 250,
'DKK' : 100,
'DOP' : 600,
'DZD' : 1000,
'EGP' : 100,
'ETB' : 250,
'FJD' : 25,
'GEL' : 25,
'GNF' : 100000,
'GTQ' : 100,
'HKD' : 100,
'HNL' : 250,
'HRK' : 80,
'HUF' : 2500,
'ILS' : 50,
'INR' : 750,
'ISK' : 1500,
'JMD' : 1500,
'JOD' : 10,
'JPY' : 1500,
'KES' : 1000,
'KRW' : 15000,
'KWD' : 5,
'KZT' : 2000,
'LKR' : 2000,
'MAD' : 120,
'MKD' : 600,
'MOP' : 100,
'MUR' : 500,
'MVR' : 200,
'MXN' : 150,
'MYR' : 50,
'MZN' : 50,
'NGN' : 2500,
'NIO' : 350,
'NOK' : 100,
'OMR' : 5,
'PAB' : 15,
'PEN' : 40,
'PHP' : 600,
'PKR' : 1500,
'PLN' : 50,
'PYG' : 60000,
'QAR' : 50,
'RON' : 50,
'RSD' : 1200,
'SBD' : 100,
'SEK' : 100,
'SGD' : 20,
'THB' : 500,
'TND' : 25,
'TTD' : 100,
'TWD' : 500,
'UAH' : 150,
'UYU' : 300,
'VEF' : 100,
'VND' : 300000,
'XCD' : 40,
'XOF' : 7000,
'XPF' : 1000,
'ZAR' : 150,
};

// 'If everyone gave X'. Mostly the same as first asks option.
frb.amounts.ifEveryone = {
'USD' : 3,
'EUR' : {
'default' : 2
},
'GBP' : 2,
'CAD' : 3,
'AUD' : 3,
'NZD' : 3,
'ANG' : 5,
'ARS' : 30,
'BAM' : 3,
'BBD' : 5,
'BDT' : 200,
'BGN' : 10,
'BHD' : 1,
'BMD' : 3,
'BOB' : 20,
'BRL' : 10,
'BZD' : 5,
'CHF' : 3,
'CLP' : 1500,
'CNY' : 50,
'COP' : 7000,
'CRC' : 2500,
'CZK' : 50,
'DKK' : 20,
'DOP' : 200,
'DZD' : 200,
'FJD' : 5,
'GTQ' : 20,
'HKD' : 20,
'HNL' : 50,
'HRK' : 35,
'HUF' : 500,
'ILS' : 15,
'INR' : 100,
'ISK' : 300,
'JMD' : 300,
'JPY' : 300,
'KRW' : 5000,
'KWD' : 2,
'KZT' : 750,
'MKD' : 100,
'MVR' : 40,
'MXN' : 35,
'MYR' : 10,
'NIO' : 100,
'NOK' : 20,
'OMR' : 1,
'PAB' : 3,
'PEN' : 10,
'PHP' : 200,
'PLN' : 10,
'PYG' : 10000,
'QAR' : 20,
'RON' : 10,
'SEK' : 30,
'SGD' : 3,
'THB' : 50,
'TND' : 5,
'TTD' : 20,
'TWD' : 150,
'UAH' : 50,
'UYU' : 70,
'VEF' : 20,
'VND' : 60000,
'XCD' : 5,
'XOF' : 1000,
'XPF' : 250,
'ZAR' : 30
};

// TODO: purge unneeded currencies
frb.currencyFormats = {
'USD' : '$\t',
'EUR' : {
'en' : '\t',
'cy' : '\t',
'ga' : '\t',
'mt' : '\t',
'nl' : ' \t',
'lv' : ' \t',
'tr' : ' \t',
'default' : '\t '
},
'ANG' : '\t',
'ARS' : '$\t',
'AUD' : '$\t',
'BAM' : '\t KM',
'BBD' : 'Bcs$\t',
'BDT' : '\t',
'BGN' : '\t',
'BHD' : '.\t',
'BMD' : 'BD$\t',
'BOB' : '$b\t',
'BRL' : 'R$\t',
'BZD' : 'BZ$\t',
'CAD' : {
'fr' : '$\t',
'default' : '$\t'
},
'CHF' : 'Fr. \t',
'CLP' : '$\t',
'CNY' : '\t ',
'COP' : '$\t',
'CRC' : '\t ',
'CZK' : '\t K',
'DKK' : '\t kr.',
'DOP' : 'RD$\t',
'DZD' : '.\t',
'EGP' : {
'en' : 'E\t',
'default' : '\t '
},
'FJD' : 'FJ$\t',
'GBP' : '\t',
'GTQ' : 'Q\t',
'HKD' : 'HK$\t',
'HNL' : 'L\t',
'HRK' : '\t kn',
'HUF' : '\t Ft',
'ILS' : {
'he' : '\t&thinsp;',
'yi' : '\t&thinsp;',
'ar' : '\t&thinsp;',
'default' : '&thinsp;\t'
},
'INR' : ' \t',
'ISK' : '\t kr',
'JMD' : 'J$ \t',
'JOD' : '\t',
'JPY' : '\t',
'KES' : '\t KSh',
'KRW' : '\t',
'KWD' : '. \t',
'KZT' : ' \t', // TODO: don't use the JP postal code symbol once KZT works in unicode
'LKR' : '\t Rs.',
'MAD' : '..\t',
'MKD' : '\t ',
'MOP' : 'MOP$\t',
'MUR' : '\t Rs',
'MXN' : '$\t',
'MVR' : 'Rf. \t',
'MYR' : 'RM\t',
'NIO' : 'C$\t',
'NOK' : '\t kr',
'NZD' : '$\t',
'OMR' : '.\t',
'PAB' : '\t B/.',
'PEN' : 'S/. \t',
'PHP' : '\t',
'PKR' : 'Rs \t',
'PLN' : '\t z',
'PYG' : '\t ',
'QAR' : '.\t',
'RON' : '\t lei',
'SCR' : 'SR \t',
'SEK' : '\t kr',
'SGD' : 'S$ \t',
'SVC' : '\t ',
'THB' : {
'th' : '\t ',
'default' : '\t '
},
'TND' : '\t .',
'TTD' : 'TT$\t',
'TWD' : 'NT$\t',
'TZS' : '\t/=',
'UAH' : '\t',
'UYU' : '$U \t',
'UZS' : '\t ',
'VEF' : 'Bs.F. \t',
'VND' : '\t',
'VUV' : 'VT\t',
'XAF' : 'FCFA\t',
'XCD' : 'EC$\t',
'XOF' : 'CFA \t',
'XPF' : '\t F',
'ZAR' : 'R \t'
};

// Check in user language first, then fall back to English
frb.countryNames = {
'en' : {
'US' : 'the U.S.',
'CA' : 'Canada',
'GB' : 'the UK',
'IE' : 'Ireland',
'AU' : 'Australia',
'NZ' : 'New Zealand',
'AR' : 'Argentina',
'AT' : 'Austria',
'BE' : 'Belgium',
'BR' : 'Brazil',
'CL' : 'Chile',
'CO' : 'Colombia',
'DK' : 'Denmark',
'ES' : 'Spain',
'FR' : 'France',
'HK' : 'Hong Kong',
'HU' : 'Hungary',
'IL' : 'Israel',
'IN' : 'India',
'IT' : 'Italy',
'JP' : 'Japan',
'LU' : 'Luxembourg',
'LV' : 'Latvia',
'MX' : 'Mexico',
'MY' : 'Malaysia',
'NL' : 'the Netherlands',
'NO' : 'Norway',
'PE' : 'Peru',
'PL' : 'Poland',
'PT' : 'Portugal',
'RO' : 'Romania',
'SE' : 'Sweden',
'SK' : 'Slovakia',
'UA' : 'Ukraine',
'UY' : 'Uruguay',
'ZA' : 'South Africa'
},
'es' : {
'MX' : 'Mxico',
'PE' : 'Per'
}
};
/* MediaKiwi:FundraisingBanners/CoreJS-2017.js
* Core code for banner forms
*/

var frb = frb || {};

/**
* Main function to submit to paymentskiwi
*
* @param {Object} options
* - method (required)
* - submethod (optional)
* - gateway (optional)
* - ffname (optional)
* - skipValidation (optional boolean, for pp-usd. Not yet implemented.)
*/
frb.submitForm = function(options) {

var form = document.getElementById('frb-form');
var uri = new mw.Uri('payments.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/index.php/Special:GatewayFormChooser');
var params = {};

/* Form selection data */
params.payment_method = options.method;
if ( options.submethod ) {
params.payment_submethod = options.submethod;
}
if ( options.gateway ) {
params.gateway = options.gateway;
}
if ( options.ffname ) {
params.ffname = options.ffname;
}
params.recurring = frb.getRecurring(form);

params.currency_code = frb.getCurrency(mw.centralNotice.data.country) || 'USD';

params.uselang = mw.centralNotice.data.uselang || 'en';
params.country = mw.centralNotice.data.country || 'XX';

if (params.uselang === 'pt' && params.country === 'BR') {
params.uselang = 'pt-br';
}

/* Amount */
params.amount = frb.getAmount(form);
if (params.amount === false) {
return false; // Amount problem, bail out of submitting
}

/* Tracking info */
params.utm_medium = 'sitenotice';
params.utm_campaign = mw.centralNotice.data.campaign || 'test';
params.utm_source = frb.buildUtmSource(params);
params.utm_key = mw.centralNotice.bannerData.cookieCount || 0;

/* Link to Banner History if enabled */
var mixins = mw.centralNotice.getDataProperty( 'mixins' );
if ( mixins && mixins.bannerHistoryLogger ) {
params.bannerhistlog = mw.centralNotice.bannerHistoryLogger.id;
}

uri.extend(params);

if ( mixins && mixins.bannerHistoryLogger ) {
mw.centralNotice.bannerHistoryLogger.ensureLogSent().always(function() {
window.location.href = uri.toString();
});
} else {
window.location.href = uri.toString();
}

};

/**
* Build the utm_source for analytics.
*
* Own function so it can be overriden for weird tests
*
* @param {Object} params
* @return {string} utm_source
*/
frb.buildUtmSource = function(params) {

var utm_source;
var fullDottedPaymentMethod = params.payment_method;
if ( params.recurring ) {
fullDottedPaymentMethod = 'r' + fullDottedPaymentMethod;
}
if ( params.payment_submethod ) {
fullDottedPaymentMethod = fullDottedPaymentMethod + '.' + params.payment_submethod;
}

utm_source = mw.centralNotice.data.banner + '.no-LP.' + fullDottedPaymentMethod;
return utm_source;
};

/* Is recurring method selected?
*
* Own function so can be overriden for different forms
*/
frb.getRecurring = function(form) {
return form.frequency.value === 'monthly';
};

/**
* Return amount, or false if invalid (e.g. less than minimum)
*/
frb.getAmount = function(form) {
var amount = null;

if (form.amount) {
// If there are some amount radio buttons, then look for the checked one
for (var i = 0; i < form.amount.length; i++) {
if (form.amount[i].checked) {
amount = form.amount[i].value;
}
}
}

// Check the "other" amount box
if (form.otherAmount.value !== '') {
var otherAmount = form.otherAmount.value;
otherAmount = otherAmount.replace(/[,.](\d)$/, ':$10');
otherAmount = otherAmount.replace(/[,.](\d)(\d)$/, ':$1$2');
otherAmount = otherAmount.replace(/[$,.]/g, '');
otherAmount = otherAmount.replace(/:/, '.');
form.otherAmount.value = otherAmount;
amount = otherAmount;
}

var currency = frb.getCurrency(mw.centralNotice.data.country);
var minAmount = frb.amounts.minimums[currency];
if ( amount === null || isNaN(amount) || amount <= 0 || amount < minAmount ) {
alert('Please select an amount (minimum $1)'.replace('$1', minAmount + ' ' + currency));
return false;
} else {
return amount;
}

};

/**
* Shared code for amount input handling
*/
frb.initAmountOptions = function() {

// Reset "Other" input if user clicks a preset amount
$('#frb-form [id^=frb-amt-ps]').click(function() {
$('#frb-amt-other-input').val('');
});

// Block typing symbols in input field, otherwise Safari allows them and then chokes
// phabricator.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/T118741
document.getElementById('frb-amt-other-input').onkeypress = function(e) {
var chr = String.fromCharCode(e.which);
if ("$".indexOf(chr) !== -1) {
return false;
}
};

};
/**
* Get the currency for a given country
*
* NOTE: The following currency mapping is WMF-specific based on payment
* provider availability, NOT necessarily the official currency of the country
*
* @param {string} country code
* @return {string} currency code
*/
frb.getCurrency = function(country) {

switch(country) {
// Big 5 at the top for speed
case 'US': return 'USD';
case 'CA': return 'CAD';
case 'GB': return 'GBP';
case 'AU': return 'AUD';
case 'NZ': return 'NZD';
// Euro countries
case 'AD':
case 'AL':
case 'AM':
case 'AT':
case 'AW':
case 'AZ':
case 'BE':
case 'BY':
case 'CI':
case 'CY':
case 'DE':
case 'EE':
case 'ES':
case 'FI':
case 'FR':
case 'GF':
case 'GR':
case 'IE':
case 'IT':
case 'LT':
case 'LU':
case 'LV':
case 'LY':
case 'MC':
case 'ME':
case 'MG':
case 'MT':
case 'NL':
case 'PT':
case 'RE':
case 'RS':
case 'SI':
case 'SK':
case 'SM':
case 'SR':
case 'VA':
return 'EUR';
// The rest
case 'AE': return 'AED';
case 'AR': return 'ARS';
case 'BA': return 'BAM';
case 'BB': return 'BBD';
case 'BD': return 'BDT';
case 'BG': return 'BGN';
case 'BH': return 'BHD';
case 'BM': return 'BMD';
case 'BO': return 'BOB';
case 'BR': return 'BRL';
case 'BZ': return 'BZD';
case 'CH': return 'CHF';
case 'CK': return 'NZD';
case 'CL': return 'CLP';
case 'CN': return 'CNY';
case 'CO': return 'COP';
case 'CR': return 'CRC';
case 'CZ': return 'CZK';
case 'DK': return 'DKK';
case 'DO': return 'DOP';
case 'DZ': return 'DZD';
case 'EG': return 'EGP';
case 'FJ': return 'FJD';
case 'FO': return 'DKK';
case 'GL': return 'DKK';
case 'GT': return 'GTQ';
case 'HK': return 'HKD';
case 'HN': return 'HNL';
case 'HR': return 'HRK';
case 'HU': return 'HUF';
case 'ID': return 'IDR';
case 'IL': return 'ILS';
case 'IN': return 'INR';
case 'IS': return 'ISK';
case 'JM': return 'JMD';
case 'JO': return 'JOD';
case 'JP': return 'JPY';
case 'KE': return 'KES';
case 'KI': return 'AUD';
case 'KR': return 'KRW';
case 'KZ': return 'KZT';
case 'LB': return 'LBP';
case 'LI': return 'CHF';
case 'LK': return 'LKR';
case 'MA': return 'MAD';
case 'MK': return 'MKD';
case 'MV': return 'MVR';
case 'MW': return 'GBP';
case 'MX': return 'MXN';
case 'MY': return 'MYR';
case 'NI': return 'NIO';
case 'NO': return 'NOK';
case 'NP': return 'INR';
case 'NR': return 'AUD';
case 'OM': return 'OMR';
case 'PA': return 'PAB';
case 'PE': return 'PEN';
case 'PG': return 'AUD';
case 'PH': return 'PHP';
case 'PK': return 'PKR';
case 'PL': return 'PLN';
case 'PY': return 'PYG';
case 'QA': return 'QAR';
case 'RO': return 'RON';
case 'RU': return 'RUB';
case 'SA': return 'SAR';
case 'SD': return 'GBP';
case 'SE': return 'SEK';
case 'SG': return 'SGD';
case 'TH': return 'THB';
case 'TM': return 'RUB';
case 'TN': return 'TND';
case 'TR': return 'TRY';
case 'TT': return 'TTD';
case 'TW': return 'TWD';
case 'UA': return 'UAH';
case 'UY': return 'UYU';
case 'UZ': return 'RUB';
case 'VE': return 'VEF';
case 'VN': return 'VND';
case 'VU': return 'AUD';
case 'ZA': return 'ZAR';
// small multi-country currencies
case 'CW':
case 'SX':
return 'ANG';
case 'AG':
case 'DM':
case 'GD':
case 'KN':
case 'LC':
return 'XCD';
case 'BJ':
case 'BF':
case 'CI':
case 'GW':
case 'ML':
case 'NE':
case 'SN':
case 'TG':
return 'XOF';
case 'PF':
case 'NC':
case 'WF':
return 'XPF';
// fall back to USD
default:
return 'USD';
}
};

/**
* Format a currency value
*
* @param {string} currency code
* @param {number} amount
* @param {string} language code
* @return {string} formatted string e.g. '$3', '5', '10 '
*/
frb.formatCurrency = function(currency, amount, language) {

var locale, formatter, fmAmount;

if (isNaN(amount) || amount === '') {
// Not a number, it's probably the 'other' string or box
// TODO: better way of doing this?
fmAmount = amount;
} else {
// Do some basic number formatting - digit separators etc
if (window.Intl && typeof window.Intl === 'object') {
locale = language + '-' + Geo.country;
formatter = new Intl.NumberFormat(locale);
} else {
// Bad browser. Let's just have a thing that throws it back unformatted for now
formatter = {};
formatter.format = function(number) {
return number.toString();
};
}
fmAmount = formatter.format(amount);
}

var currencies = frb.currencyFormats;

if (currencies[currency] === undefined) {
return currency + '&nbsp;' + fmAmount;
}
if (currencies[currency] instanceof Object) { // not a string
if(currencies[currency][language] !== undefined) {
return currencies[currency][language].replace('\t', fmAmount);
}
return currencies[currency]['default'].replace('\t', fmAmount);
}

return currencies[currency].replace('\t', fmAmount);
};

/*
* Select the correct amount or array of amounts from object in "source"
*
* @param {Object} source - the amounts data object e.g. frb.amounts.options7, frb.amounts.averages
* @param {string} currency - ISO code of currency
* @param {string} country - ISO code of country (optional)
* @return {array/number} - depending on source
*/
frb.pickAmounts = function(source, currency, country) {

if ( source[currency]['default'] ) { // we need to go deeper
if ( source[currency][country] !== undefined ) {
return source[currency][country];
} else {
return source[currency]['default'];
}
} else {
return source[currency];
}
};

/**
* Display the correct payment methods for current country
*
* Methods should be labeled with class 'frb-pm-xxxx'
* TODO: clean this function up more
*
* @param {string} country
*/
frb.localizeMethods = function(country) {

// Countries with no credit card option (currently none)
var noCC = [];
if ($.inArray(country, noCC) !== -1) {
$('.frb-pm-cc').remove();
}

// Can't do monthly credit card in Brazil
if (country === 'BR') {
$('.frb-pm-cc').addClass('no-monthly');
}

// Remove any leftover WorldPay
$('.frb-pm-cc-wp').remove();

// Countries using Adyen for credit card
if (country === 'FR' || country === 'IL') {
$('.frb-pm-cc').remove();
$('.frb-pm-cc-adyen').show();
} else {
$('.frb-pm-cc-adyen').remove();
}

// Countries with no PayPal option
var noPP = ['IN', 'RU', 'SG', 'AE', 'QA', 'JP', 'OM', 'BD', 'BO', 'PA',
'PY', 'GT', 'JM', 'TT', 'DZ', 'PE'];
if ($.inArray(country, noPP) !== -1) {
$('.frb-pm-pp').remove();
$('.frb-pm-pp-usd').remove();
}

// Countries where PayPal must be in USD
var ppUSD = ['BG', 'HR', 'LT', 'MK', 'RO', 'UA', 'SA', 'CN', 'ID', 'KR',
'KZ', 'MY', 'VN', 'AR', 'CL', 'DO', 'CO', 'NI', 'UY', 'ZA',
'BH', 'LB', 'VE', 'TR', 'IS', 'BA', 'MV', 'BB', 'BM', 'BZ',
'CR', 'CW', 'SX', 'HN', 'KN', 'DM', 'AG', 'LC', 'GD', 'FJ',
'TN', 'BJ', 'BF', 'CI', 'GW', 'ML', 'NE', 'SN', 'TG', 'BR'];
if ($.inArray(country, ppUSD) !== -1) {
$('.frb-pm-pp').remove();
$('.frb-pm-pp-usd').show();
} else {
$('.frb-pm-pp').show();
$('.frb-pm-pp-usd').remove();
}

// Show any extra local payment methods, or remove them if not needed
var extrapaymentmethods = {
'amazon' : ['US'],
'bpay' : ['AU'],
'ideal' : ['NL'],
'bt' : ['AR', 'BR', 'CL', 'CO'], // Bank Transfer (Astropay)
'cash' : ['AR', 'BR', 'CO', 'MX', 'UY'] // 'Cash' methods (Astropay)
};

// Methods with different labels per country
if (country === 'AR') {
$('.frb-pm-bt button, button.frb-pm-bt').html('Santander');
}
if (country === 'CO') {
$('.frb-pm-bt button, button.frb-pm-bt').html('PSE Pagos');
}
if (country === 'UY') {
$('.frb-pm-cash button, button.frb-pm-cash').html('RedPagos');
}
if (country === 'CL' && mw.config.get('wgUserLanguage') == 'es') {
$('.frb-pm-bt button, button.frb-pm-bt').html('Trans. bancaria');
}

for (var method in extrapaymentmethods) {
var $methodbutton = $('.frb-pm-' + method);
if ( $.inArray(country, extrapaymentmethods[method]) !== -1 ) { // country is in the list
$methodbutton.show();
} else {
$methodbutton.remove();
}
}
};

/**
* Check scheduled payment method outages and hide buttons if needed
*
* Data at meta.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwi/MediaKiwi:FR2013/Resources/PaymentOutages.js
* Methods should be labeled with class 'frb-pm-xxxx'
*
* @param {string} country code
*/
frb.checkMethodOutages = function(country) {

// TODO - can we load this a better way?
/* This file can be used to schedule hiding of individual payment methods from
* banners and donatekiwi e.g. if they have scheduled downtime.
* Valid methods are:
* ideal, yandex, cc, dd, sofort, pp, amazon, bpay, webmoney, boletos, enets, pp-usd
* (most of the time it's 'ideal'…)
* Can also limit outage to a specific country with country: "XX" (where XX is an ISO code)
*
* Note that in JavaScript dates the months (and only the months) start at 0.
* Jan=0, Feb=1, Mar=2, Apr=3 etc. How hateful
*/
var outages = [
{
start: new Date(Date.UTC(2016, 8, 18, 1)),
end: new Date(Date.UTC(2016, 8, 18, 7)),
method: "ideal"
}
];
var now = new Date();

for (var i = outages.length - 1; i >= 0; i—) {
if ( now > outages[i].start && now < outages[i].end ) {
if (outages[i].country === undefined || outages[i].country == country) {
$('.frb-pm-' + outages[i].method).hide();
}
}
}
};

/**
* Adjust the amount options and their labels
*
* Inputs should have id frb-amt-psX where X is the index number (starting from 1)
*
* @param {Object} source - object with amounts e.g. frb.amounts.options7
* @param {string} currency - currency code e.g. 'USD'
* @param {string} country - country code e.g. 'FR' Some currencies can have different options per country.
* @param {string} language - language code e.g. 'en' For symbol formatting
* @param {boolean} useSymbols - use currency symbols on labels or not? (3 vs $3)
*/
frb.localizeAmountOptions = function(source, currency, country, language, useSymbols) {

var amountOptions = frb.pickAmounts(source, currency, country);

$('#frb-form input[name="amount"]').each(function(index) {
var $input = $(this);
var $label = $input.siblings('label');

var i = $input.attr('id').replace('frb-amt-ps', '');
var amount = amountOptions[i-1]; // because IDs start from 1

if ( amount ) {
$input.val( amount );
if ( useSymbols ) {
$label.html( frb.formatCurrency( currency, amount, language) );
} else {
$label.html( amount );
}
}
});

};

frb.noRecurringCountries = ['AR', 'CL', 'CO', 'MX', 'PE', 'UY', 'BR'];

/* These countries use potentially ambiguous $ sign.
Use ISO code instead in text (but still $ for buttons) */
frb.textAmountIsoCountries = ['AR', 'CL', 'CO', 'MX'];

$(function() {

var language = mw.centralNotice.data.uselang;
var country = mw.centralNotice.data.country;
var currency = frb.getCurrency(country);

// Payment methods
frb.localizeMethods(country);
frb.checkMethodOutages(country);

// Hide recurring for some countries
if ( frb.noRecurringCountries.indexOf(country) !== -1 ) { // country is in the list
$('.frb-frequency, .recurring-details').hide();
}

// Basic replacements
$('.frb-replace-currencysymbol').html( frb.formatCurrency( currency, '', language ).replace(' ', '') );
$('.frb-replace-currencycode').html( currency );

var countryName;
if ( frb.countryNames[language] ) {
countryName = frb.countryNames[language][country] || frb.countryNames.en[country];
} else {
countryName = frb.countryNames.en[country];
}
$('.frb-replace-countryname').html( countryName );

// Replace %AVERAGE% with formatted "average" amount
var average = frb.pickAmounts(frb.amounts.averages, currency, country);
if ( frb.textAmountIsoCountries.indexOf(country) !== -1 ) {
var avgString = average + '&nbsp;' + currency;
} else {
var avgString = frb.formatCurrency(currency, average, language).replace(/\.$/, ''); // strip any period from end for use in running text
}
$('.frb').each(function(index){
var newHtml = $(this).html().replace(/%AVERAGE%/g, '<span style="white-space: nowrap;">' + avgString + '</span>');
$(this).html(newHtml);
});

// Replace %MINIMUM% with formatted "if everyone" amount
var ifEveryone = frb.pickAmounts(frb.amounts.ifEveryone, currency, country);
if ( frb.textAmountIsoCountries.indexOf(country) !== -1 ) {
var ifString = ifEveryone + '&nbsp;' + currency;
} else {
var ifString = frb.formatCurrency(currency, ifEveryone, language).replace(/\.$/, ''); // strip any period from end for use in running text
}
$('.frb').each(function(index){
var newHtml = $(this).html().replace(/%MINIMUM%/g, '<span style="white-space: nowrap;">' + ifString + '</span>');
$(this).html(newHtml);
});

/* Links (in smallprint) */
$('a.frb-localize-link').each(function() {
// Add parameters for LandingCheck
var uri = new mw.Uri( $(this).attr('href') );
uri.extend({
country: country,
language: language,
uselang: language,
utm_medium: 'sitenotice',
utm_campaign: mw.centralNotice.data.campaign || 'test',
utm_source: mw.centralNotice.data.banner
});
$(this).attr('href', uri.toString());
$(this).attr('target', '_blank'); // Make links open in new tab
});

// Legal text variants
if (country === 'US') {
$('.frb-legal-US').show();
$('.frb-legal-nonUS, .frb-legal-NL').hide();
} else if (country === 'NL') {
$('.frb-legal-NL').show();
$('.frb-legal-US, .frb-legal-nonUS').hide();
} else {
$('.frb-legal-nonUS').show();
$('.frb-legal-US, .frb-legal-NL').hide();
}

});

/** Provides alterImpressionData hook for CentralNotice
* This info will be sent back with Special:RecordImpression
*/

mediaKiwi.centralNotice.bannerData.alterImpressionData = function( impressionData ) {
// Returning true from this function indicates the banner was shown
if (mediaKiwi.centralNotice.bannerData.hideReason) {
impressionData.reason = mediaKiwi.centralNotice.bannerData.hideReason;
}
if (mediaKiwi.centralNotice.bannerData.cookieCount) {
impressionData.banner_count = mediaKiwi.centralNotice.bannerData.cookieCount;
}
return !mediaKiwi.centralNotice.bannerData.hideResult;
};

frb.storedOptions = {};

frb.setMethod = function(options) {
frb.storedOptions = options || { method: 'cc' }; // Default to credit card

$('.frb-methods').fadeOut('fast', function() {
if ( ( frb.storedOptions.method === 'cc' || frb.storedOptions.method === 'paypal' ) &&
frb.noRecurringCountries.indexOf(mw.centralNotice.data.country) === -1 // Defined in LocalizeJS-2017.js
) {
$('.frb-frequency, .recurring-details').show();
}
$('.frb-step2').fadeIn('fast')
});
};

frb.getCurrentDate = function() {
var today = new Date();
var dd = today.getDate();
var mm = today.getMonth()+1; //January is 0!
var yyyy = today.getFullYear();

if(dd<10) {
dd='0'+dd;
}
if(mm<10) {
mm='0'+mm;
}

today = mm+'/'+dd+'/'+yyyy;
return today;
};

frb.insertInlineBanner = function() {
// Place frb-inline in article: before first paragraph, or at top
var $inlineBanner = $('#frb-inline');
var $firstPara = $('.mw-parser-output > p:first-of-type').first();

if ( $firstPara.length > 0 && !mw.config.get('wgIsMainPage') ) {
$firstPara.before( $inlineBanner );
} else {
$('#mw-content-text').prepend( $inlineBanner );
}

$inlineBanner.show();
};

$(function() {

var language = mw.centralNotice.data.uselang;
var country = mw.centralNotice.data.country;
var currency = frb.getCurrency(country);

frb.initAmountOptions();
frb.localizeAmountOptions(frb.amounts.options7, currency, country, language, true);

// Close top banner on click or return
$("#frb-inline-close").on('click keypress', function(e) {
if (e.which === 13 || e.type === 'click') {
$("#frb-inline").hide();
mw.centralNotice.hideBanner();
e.stopPropagation();
}
});

$('.frb-amt-other').click(function() {
document.getElementById('frb-amt-other').checked = true;
$('#frb-amt-other-input').focus();
});

// Activate #input_amount_other radio when tabbing into #frb-amt-other-input
$('#frb-amt-other-input').focus(function() {
document.getElementById('frb-amt-other').checked = true;
});

/* Hide banner outside of main namespace (and Main Page, for sites where that isn't in main namespace) */
if ( mw.config.get('wgNamespaceNumber') > 0 && !mw.config.get('wgIsMainPage') ) {
mw.centralNotice.bannerData.hideResult = true;
mw.centralNotice.bannerData.hideReason = 'namespace';
}

if (!mw.centralNotice.bannerData.hideResult) {
frb.insertInlineBanner();
}

function minimizeScrollFunction() {
var nagRevealPosition = $('#frb-inline').offset().top + $('#frb-inline').outerHeight();

if ( $(window).scrollTop() > nagRevealPosition ) {
$('#frb-nag').fadeIn(200);
} else {
setTimeout(function(){
if ( $(window).scrollTop() < nagRevealPosition ) {
$('#frb-nag').fadeOut(200);
}
}, 100);
}
}

$(window).on('scroll resize', function() {
minimizeScrollFunction();
});

minimizeScrollFunction();

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<h1 id="firstHeading" class="firstHeading" lang="en">Wyman-Gordon</h1>
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<caption class="fn org">Wyman-Gordon</caption>
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<td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"><a "/kiwi/File:Wyman_Gordon_logo.gif" class=""><img alt="Wyman Gordon logo.gif" "//upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/en/8/88/Wyman_Gordon_logo.gif" data-file-width="196" data-file-height="113" width="196" height="113"></a></td>
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<td class="category" style="line-height:1.35em;"><a "/kiwi/Subsidiary" title="Subsidiary">Subsidiary</a> of <a "/kiwi/Precision_Castparts_Corp." title="Precision Castparts Corp.">Precision Castparts Corp.</a></td>
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<th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;">Industry</th>
<td class="category" style="line-height:1.35em;"><a "/kiwi/Manufacturing" title="Manufacturing">Manufacturing</a></td>
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<th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;">Founded</th>
<td style="line-height:1.35em;">1883<span class="noprint">; 134&nbsp;years ago</span><span style="display:none">&nbsp;(<span class="bday dtstart published updated">1883</span>)</span> in <a "/kiwi/Worcester,_Massachusetts" title="Worcester, Massachusetts">Worcester, Massachusetts</a></td>
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<th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;">Founder</th>
<td class="agent" style="line-height:1.35em;">Horace Wyman<br>
Lyman Gordon</td>
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<th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;">Headquarters</th>
<td class="adr" style="line-height:1.35em;"><span class="locality"><a "/kiwi/Houston" title="Houston">Houston</a>, <a "/kiwi/Texas" title="Texas">Texas</a></span>, <span class="country-name"><a "/kiwi/United_States" title="United States">United States</a></span></td>
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<th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;">Products</th>
<td style="line-height:1.35em;">Complex metal components</td>
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<th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;">Revenue</th>
<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><a "/kiwi/United_States_dollar" title="United States dollar">US$</a>752.9 million <small>(FY 1998)</small></td>
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<div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Number of employees</div>
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<td style="line-height:1.35em;">2,500</td>
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<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><a "/kiwi/Precision_Castparts_Corp." title="Precision Castparts Corp.">Precision Castparts Corp.</a></td>
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<th scope="row" style="padding-right:0.5em;">Website</th>
<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><span class="url"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" "http://www.wyman-gordon.com">www<wbr>.wyman-gordon<wbr>.com</a></span></td>
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</div><p><b>Wyman-Gordon</b> is a company that designs and manufactures complex metal components. Founded in 1883 as a manufacturer of crankshafts for looms, it has a long history of making forged metal components, particularly for the aerospace industry. Wyman-Gordon is now a subsidiary of <a "/kiwi/Precision_Castparts_Corp." title="Precision Castparts Corp.">Precision Castparts Corp.</a>, and is based in <a "/kiwi/Houston" title="Houston">Houston</a>, <a "/kiwi/Texas" title="Texas">Texas</a>. It has 13 plants in five countries, and employed about 2,500 people as of 2012.<sup id="cite_ref-self_1-0" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-self-1">[1]</a></sup></p>
<p></p>
<div id="toc" class="toc">
<div class="toctitle">
<h2>Contents</h2>
<span class="toctoggle">&nbsp;[<a role="button" tabindex="0" class="togglelink">hide</a>]&nbsp;</span></div>
<ul>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-1"><a "#History"><span class="tocnumber">1</span> <span class="toctext">History</span></a>
<ul>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-2"><a "#Early_years"><span class="tocnumber">1.1</span> <span class="toctext">Early years</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-3"><a "#Growth_with_the_aerospace_industry"><span class="tocnumber">1.2</span> <span class="toctext">Growth with the aerospace industry</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-4"><a "#Other_aspects"><span class="tocnumber">1.3</span> <span class="toctext">Other aspects</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-5"><a "#Difficulties_and_acquisition"><span class="tocnumber">1.4</span> <span class="toctext">Difficulties and acquisition</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-6"><a "#Recent_years"><span class="tocnumber">1.5</span> <span class="toctext">Recent years</span></a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-7"><a "#See_also"><span class="tocnumber">2</span> <span class="toctext">See also</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-8"><a "#References"><span class="tocnumber">3</span> <span class="toctext">References</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-9"><a "#External_links"><span class="tocnumber">4</span> <span class="toctext">External links</span></a></li>
</ul>
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<p></p>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="History">History</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Wyman-Gordon&amp;action=edit&amp;section=1" title="Edit section: History">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Early_years">Early years</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Wyman-Gordon&amp;action=edit&amp;section=2" title="Edit section: Early years">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:202px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Crompton_Loom_Works.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/7/7b/Crompton_Loom_Works.jpg/200px-Crompton_Loom_Works.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/7/7b/Crompton_Loom_Works.jpg/300px-Crompton_Loom_Works.jpg 1.5x, upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/7/7b/Crompton_Loom_Works.jpg/400px-Crompton_Loom_Works.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1496" data-file-height="1113" width="200" height="149"></a>
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<div class="magnify"><a "/kiwi/File:Crompton_Loom_Works.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>
The <a "/kiwi/Crompton_Loom_Works" title="Crompton Loom Works">Crompton Loom Works</a> in <a "/kiwi/Worcester,_Massachusetts" title="Worcester, Massachusetts">Worcester, Massachusetts</a> was the first customer of Wyman and Gordon's new company.</div>
</div>
</div>
<p>The Worcester Drop Forge Works was founded in <a "/kiwi/Worcester,_Massachusetts" title="Worcester, Massachusetts">Worcester, Massachusetts</a> in 1883 by Horace Wyman and Lyman Gordon. It was later renamed the Wyman-Gordon Company.<sup id="cite_ref-worcestered_2-0" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-worcestered-2">[2]</a></sup> The company began with eight people in a small wooden factory building, <a "/kiwi/Forging" title="Forging">forging</a> crankshafts for <a "/kiwi/Loom" title="Loom">looms</a>. A 50-horsepower steam engine provided power for the <a "/kiwi/Steam_hammer" title="Steam hammer">drop hammers</a> and other equipment. The fathers of the founders were both managers at the <a "/kiwi/Crompton_Loom_Works" title="Crompton Loom Works">Crompton Loom Works</a> and helped their sons' business win contracts for the <a "/kiwi/Crankshaft" title="Crankshaft">crankshafts</a> and for pistol and micrometer components.<sup id="cite_ref-DerdakGrant_3-0" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-DerdakGrant-3">[3]</a></sup></p>
<p>The company won contracts from railroads for automatic couplers and from bicycle manufacturers for <a "/kiwi/Sprocket" title="Sprocket">sprockets</a>, spindles, and pedals, having gained a reputation for the high quality of its early work. From around 1902, it also began filling orders for crankshafts from manufacturers of the recently invented automobile.<sup id="cite_ref-DerdakGrant_3-1" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-DerdakGrant-3">[3]</a></sup> Horace Wyman died in 1905 and Lyman Gordon in 1914; <a "/kiwi/George_F._Fuller" title="George F. Fuller">George F. Fuller</a> (18691962) succeeded to the company presidency upon Gordon's death. Fuller had joined the company as an accountant, but had invented several ways to improve the quality of the forged metal components. The company grew steadily under his leadership.<sup id="cite_ref-worcestered_2-1" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-worcestered-2">[2]</a></sup></p>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Growth_with_the_aerospace_industry">Growth with the aerospace industry</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Wyman-Gordon&amp;action=edit&amp;section=3" title="Edit section: Growth with the aerospace industry">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<div class="thumb tleft">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Flying_jenny_cropped.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/7/74/Flying_jenny_cropped.jpg/220px-Flying_jenny_cropped.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/7/74/Flying_jenny_cropped.jpg/330px-Flying_jenny_cropped.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/7/74/Flying_jenny_cropped.jpg/440px-Flying_jenny_cropped.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1055" data-file-height="639" width="220" height="133"></a>
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A <a "/kiwi/Curtis_Jenny" class="mw-redirect" title="Curtis Jenny">Curtiss JN-4 (Jenny)</a> on a training flight during World War I (1918), using Wyman-Gordon components</div>
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<p>When World War I broke out, the U.S. government contracted with Wyman-Gordon to supply forgings for the 90-horsepower engines of <a "/kiwi/Curtis_Jenny" class="mw-redirect" title="Curtis Jenny">Curtis Jenny</a> biplanes. This was followed by contracts to produce airframe and engine forgings for almost all U.S. military aircraft. Wyman-Gordon maintained a close relationship with manufacturers of commercial and military airplanes after the war, making growing numbers of parts for engines, crankshafts, propellers, airframes, and landing gear. The company expanded the Worcester factory and opened a new plant in <a "/kiwi/Harvey,_Illinois" title="Harvey, Illinois">Harvey, Illinois</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-DerdakGrant_3-2" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-DerdakGrant-3">[3]</a></sup></p>
<p>During World War II (19391945) the company expanded again to supply many types of forged components to airplane manufacturers. Every American plane in combat service included Wyman-Gordon components.<sup id="cite_ref-DerdakGrant_3-3" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-DerdakGrant-3">[3]</a></sup></p>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:202px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Wyman_Gordon_50000_ton_press.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/a/ac/Wyman_Gordon_50000_ton_press.jpg/200px-Wyman_Gordon_50000_ton_press.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/a/ac/Wyman_Gordon_50000_ton_press.jpg/300px-Wyman_Gordon_50000_ton_press.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/a/ac/Wyman_Gordon_50000_ton_press.jpg/400px-Wyman_Gordon_50000_ton_press.jpg 2x" data-file-width="3570" data-file-height="5000" width="200" height="280"></a>
<div class="thumbcaption">
<div class="magnify"><a "/kiwi/File:Wyman_Gordon_50000_ton_press.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>
A 50,000-ton press in <a "/kiwi/Grafton,_Massachusetts" title="Grafton, Massachusetts">Grafton, Massachusetts</a>, put into use by the company in 1955</div>
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</div>
<p>In 1944, Wyman-Gordon was chosen to receive an 18,000-ton closed-die hydraulic press, the largest in the United States. The <a "/kiwi/War_Production_Board" title="War Production Board">War Production Board</a> had found from captured airplanes that Germany had larger presses than U.S. engineers had thought practical, and was using that equipment to forge large aircraft components from lightweight <a "/kiwi/Magnesium" title="Magnesium">magnesium</a>. Seeking to replicate this capability in the U.S., the War Production Board contracted with the Mesta Machine Co. of Pittsburgh to fabricate a new large press to be operated by Wyman-Gordon. A new plant was built around the press in <a "/kiwi/North_Grafton,_Massachusetts" class="mw-redirect" title="North Grafton, Massachusetts">North Grafton, Massachusetts</a>, completed after the war in 1946.<sup id="cite_ref-asme1983_4-0" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-asme1983-4">[4]</a></sup></p>
<p>The introduction of <a "/kiwi/Jet_engine" title="Jet engine">jet engines</a> in the years after World War II caused a drastic switch in requirements, demanding fewer forgings, but forgings that were larger, lighter, stronger and more tolerant of heat than anything made so far. The new components produced by Wyman-Gordon were of much greater value, compensating for their decreased number.<sup id="cite_ref-DerdakGrant_3-4" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-DerdakGrant-3">[3]</a></sup></p>
<p>The <a "/kiwi/Korean_War" title="Korean War">Korean War</a> stimulated demand for new airplanes, requiring even larger components than could be built by the North Grafton press. In 1951, construction began on a plant that opened in 1955 with two presses, one with 35,000 tons of force and the other 50,000 tons. The 50,000-ton press was the largest machine in the world at the time, 10 <a "/kiwi/Storey" title="Storey">stories</a> high and with foundations extending 100&nbsp;ft (30&nbsp;m) into bedrock. In 1983, the <a "/kiwi/American_Society_of_Mechanical_Engineers" class="mw-redirect" title="American Society of Mechanical Engineers">American Society of Mechanical Engineers</a> designated the 50,000-ton forging press in North Grafton as a <a "/kiwi/List_of_Historic_Mechanical_Engineering_Landmarks" title="List of Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmarks">National Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-asme1983_4-1" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-asme1983-4">[4]</a></sup></p>
<p>Wyman-Gordon was a pioneer in forging titanium, with the first main use being for compressor disks in <a "/kiwi/Pratt_%26_Whitney" title="Pratt &amp; Whitney">Pratt &amp; Whitney</a> engines. <a "/kiwi/Westinghouse_Electric_(1886)" class="mw-redirect" title="Westinghouse Electric (1886)">Westinghouse</a> and <a "/kiwi/General_Electric" title="General Electric">General Electric</a> also used the company's titanium forgings, and its products were used in building the engine of the <a "/kiwi/LGM-30_Minuteman" title="LGM-30 Minuteman">LGM-30 Minuteman</a> missile. Demand continued to grow during the 1960s and 1970s, with military demand due to the Vietnam war and growing demand from commercial civilian airplane manufacturers. The support beam for the <a "/kiwi/Boeing_747" title="Boeing 747">Boeing 747</a> landing gear was larger than any closed-die titanium forging that had ever been made in the past.<sup id="cite_ref-DerdakGrant_3-5" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-DerdakGrant-3">[3]</a></sup></p>
<p>In 1980, Wyman-Gordon was hit by a severe shortage of titanium that hurt its ability to fulfil orders for hundreds of types of aircraft. In the early 1980s, the company bought International Titanium, a company based in <a "/kiwi/Moses_Lake,_Washington" title="Moses Lake, Washington">Moses Lake, Washington</a>, built a state-of-the-art facility for International Titanium to produce titanium sponge, and built a new facility in <a "/kiwi/Millbury,_Massachusetts" title="Millbury, Massachusetts">Millbury, Massachusetts</a>, to alloy the sponge with other metals. Because the company now had complete control of its supply chain, customers were more certain of Wyman-Gordon's delivery capability, leading to increased orders.<sup id="cite_ref-DerdakGrant_3-6" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-DerdakGrant-3">[3]</a></sup></p>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Other_aspects">Other aspects</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Wyman-Gordon&amp;action=edit&amp;section=4" title="Edit section: Other aspects">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<p><a "/kiwi/Harry_G._Stoddard" title="Harry G. Stoddard">Harry G. Stoddard</a> became a vice president of Wyman-Gordon in 1911 and was appointed President in 1931. He also had interests in banking and was part owner of the <i><a "/kiwi/Worcester_Telegram" class="mw-redirect" title="Worcester Telegram">Worcester Telegram</a></i>.<sup id="cite_ref-5" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-5">[5]</a></sup> His son <a "/kiwi/Robert_Waring_Stoddard" title="Robert Waring Stoddard">Robert Waring Stoddard</a> joined the company in 1929 and succeeded Harry G. Stoddard as president in 1955, holding that position until being elected chairman in 1967. He was one of the founders of the right-wing and anticommunist <a "/kiwi/John_Birch_Society" title="John Birch Society">John Birch Society</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-6" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-6">[6]</a></sup> Stoddard was opposed to the <a "/kiwi/Civil_Rights_Act_of_1964" title="Civil Rights Act of 1964">Civil Rights Act of 1964</a>, which would make racial discrimination illegal. In 1964, the company employed black workers only as janitors. <a "/kiwi/Abbie_Hoffman" title="Abbie Hoffman">Abbie Hoffman</a> was the press officer for a group of civil-rights agitators who targeted the Worcester plant for picketing. Later, they filed petitions with the Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination and the U.S, Air Force. In July that year the company agreed to change its hiring practices.<sup id="cite_ref-7" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-7">[7]</a></sup></p>
<p>As late as the 1970s, Wyman-Gordon was a major player in automotive forging. However, faced with growth of international competition in this market, the company decided to focus on aerospace.<sup id="cite_ref-8" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-8">[8]</a></sup> Wyman-Gordon India, a joint venture, went public in February 1962.<sup id="cite_ref-9" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-9">[9]</a></sup> In 1964, Wyman-Gordon India started mass production of forged steel crankshafts and other components for an Indian-made jeep that <a "/kiwi/Mahindra_%26_Mahindra" title="Mahindra &amp; Mahindra">Mahindra &amp; Mahindra</a> was manufacturing. This was the first time crankshafts had been produced in India.<sup id="cite_ref-10" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-10">[10]</a></sup> Later the company changed its name to WG Forge &amp; Allied Industries Limited.<sup id="cite_ref-11" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-11">[11]</a></sup> In the long run, the company was not successful. It was referred to the <a "/kiwi/Board_for_Industrial_and_Financial_Reconstruction" title="Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction">Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction</a>, which tried to revive it, but without success.<sup id="cite_ref-12" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-12">[12]</a></sup> In 1992, it went into liquidation.<sup id="cite_ref-13" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-13">[13]</a></sup></p>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Difficulties_and_acquisition">Difficulties and acquisition</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Wyman-Gordon&amp;action=edit&amp;section=5" title="Edit section: Difficulties and acquisition">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
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Wyman-Gordon plant, Houston Industrial Estate, <a "/kiwi/West_Lothian" title="West Lothian">West Lothian</a>, Scotland</div>
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<p>In the late 1980s, the need for military components was reduced as the <a "/kiwi/Cold_War" title="Cold War">Cold War</a> ended, coupled with a decline in demand for commercial aircraft parts. By 1993, the aerospace industry was just 60% of its size in the mid-1980s. Wyman-Gordon had to lay off employees. Despite financial difficulties, in March 1992, the company announced a joint venture with Pratt &amp; Whitney and <a "/kiwi/Perth,_Western_Australia" class="mw-redirect" title="Perth, Western Australia">Perth, Western Australia</a>-based Western Aerospace to form Western Australian Speciality Alloys.<sup id="cite_ref-DerdakGrant_3-7" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-DerdakGrant-3">[3]</a></sup> The new company would process Australian ores into <a "/kiwi/Nickel" title="Nickel">nickel</a>-based <a "/kiwi/Superalloy" title="Superalloy">superalloys</a> at a new plant at Canning Vale, near Perth. These alloys are designed to handle extreme heat (as in jet engines) and are extremely durable.<sup id="cite_ref-14" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-14">[14]</a></sup> Wyman-Gordon also acquired PFI investment cast facilities (1988), Arwood investment cast facilities (1990), and Cameron Forge (1994).<sup id="cite_ref-self_1-1" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-self-1">[1]</a></sup></p>
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<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Huge_building,_Wyman_Gordon,_Houston_Industrial_Estate._-_geographencarta2018.ga.uk_-_75614.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
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Another view of the enormous building that can be seen from most of West Lothian</div>
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<p>In May 1999, Precision Castparts Corporation agreed to pay $721 million for Wyman-Gordon, while also assuming $104 million in debt. The combined company would be able to supply both castings and forgings for airplane engines.<sup id="cite_ref-15" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-15">[15]</a></sup> The purchase would have potentially reduced competition in the industry. To gain approval for the deal from the <a "/kiwi/Federal_Trade_Commission" title="Federal Trade Commission">Federal Trade Commission</a>, PCC was required to divest two of Wyman-Gordon's foundries, one in Albany, Oregon, and the other in Groton, Connecticut.<sup id="cite_ref-16" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-16">[16]</a></sup> The acquisition was completed on 12 January 2000. At least in the short term, it was planned that Wyman-Gordon would retain a separate identity.<sup id="cite_ref-17" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-17">[17]</a></sup></p>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Recent_years">Recent years</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Wyman-Gordon&amp;action=edit&amp;section=6" title="Edit section: Recent years">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<p>In April 2000, PCC announced that it was closing Wyman-Gordon's Buffalo, New York, pipe-making plant. The 12,000-ton extrusion press would be moved to the Wyman-Gordon facility in Houston. By consolidating production in one plant, the company would cut costs and speed up the production cycle.<sup id="cite_ref-18" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-18">[18]</a></sup> Wyman-Gordon purchased the UEF aerospace division of United Engineering Forgings in May 2000 for 22m, calling the new subsidiary Wyman Gordon Lincoln.<sup id="cite_ref-19" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-19">[19]</a></sup> The division based in <a "/kiwi/Lincoln,_England" title="Lincoln, England">Lincoln, England</a>, makes forged engine discs, engine shafts, and components of airframes and landing-gear. Its main customer is <a "/kiwi/Rolls-Royce_plc" class="mw-redirect" title="Rolls-Royce plc">Rolls-Royce</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-20" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-20">[20]</a></sup></p>
<p>In 2000, Wyman-Gordon built a manufacturing facility in <a "/kiwi/Plze%C5%88" title="Plze">Plze</a>, Czech Republic. The 5,400&nbsp;m<sup>2</sup> (58,000&nbsp;sq&nbsp;ft) plant makes titanium, nickel, and steel alloy rotary parts for the power generation and aerospace industries, using immersion ultrasound to test the products.<sup id="cite_ref-21" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-21">[21]</a></sup> In December 2000, Wyman-Gordon acquired the Drop Dies and Forging Company, which had been founded in 1919 by Joseph F. Rice.<sup id="cite_ref-22" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-22">[22]</a></sup> In January 2011, it was reported that Wyman-Gordon had expressed interest in a joint venture with <a "/kiwi/Bharat_Heavy_Electricals_Limited" class="mw-redirect" title="Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited">Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited</a> to manufacture boiler tubes in India.<sup id="cite_ref-23" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-23">[23]</a></sup></p>
<p>Wyman-Gordon today creates products for marine, aerospace, power, fuel, and construction industries. It uses the worlds largest forging and extrusion presses (including a 35,000-ton press in Houston and a 30,000-ton press in Livingston), coupled with custom-made dies, to produce various complex components. Its plants can process a number of different alloys&nbsp; steel, titanium, and nickel-based materials, among others.<sup id="cite_ref-24" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-24">[24]</a></sup></p>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="See_also">See also</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Wyman-Gordon&amp;action=edit&amp;section=7" title="Edit section: See also">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Heavy_Press_Program" title="Heavy Press Program">Heavy Press Program</a></li>
</ul>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="References">References</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Wyman-Gordon&amp;action=edit&amp;section=8" title="Edit section: References">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<div class="reflist references-column-width" style="-moz-column-width: 33em; -webkit-column-width: 33em; column-width: 33em; list-style-type: decimal;">
<ol class="references">
<li id="cite_note-self-1"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a "#cite_ref-self_1-0"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up to: </span><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a "#cite_ref-self_1-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" "http://www.wyman-gordon.com/history.htm">"Wyman-Gordon History"</a>. Wyman-Gordon<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-05-06</span></span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.btitle=Wyman-Gordon+History&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.pub=Wyman-Gordon&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.wyman-gordon.com%2Fhistory.htm&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-worcestered-2"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a "#cite_ref-worcestered_2-0"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up to: </span><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a "#cite_ref-worcestered_2-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" "http://sharepoint.worcester.edu/internal/lei/Shared%20Documents/Fuller%20Scholarship.pdf">"The George F. and Sybil H. Fuller Foundation Scholarship"</a> <span style="font-size:85%;">(PDF)</span>. Worcester State College<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-05-06</span></span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.btitle=The+George+F.+and+Sybil+H.+Fuller+Foundation+Scholarship&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.pub=Worcester+State+College&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fsharepoint.worcester.edu%2Finternal%2Flei%2FShared%2520Documents%2FFuller%2520Scholarship.pdf&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-DerdakGrant-3"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a "#cite_ref-DerdakGrant_3-0"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up to: </span><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a "#cite_ref-DerdakGrant_3-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a> <a "#cite_ref-DerdakGrant_3-2"><sup><i><b>c</b></i></sup></a> <a "#cite_ref-DerdakGrant_3-3"><sup><i><b>d</b></i></sup></a> <a "#cite_ref-DerdakGrant_3-4"><sup><i><b>e</b></i></sup></a> <a "#cite_ref-DerdakGrant_3-5"><sup><i><b>f</b></i></sup></a> <a "#cite_ref-DerdakGrant_3-6"><sup><i><b>g</b></i></sup></a> <a "#cite_ref-DerdakGrant_3-7"><sup><i><b>h</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation book">Thomas Derdak, Tina Grant (1996). "Wyman-Gordon Company". <i>International directory of company histories, Volume 14</i>. St. James Press. p.&nbsp;563ff. <a "/kiwi/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a>&nbsp;<a "/kiwi/Special:BookSources/1558623426" title="Special:BookSources/1558623426">1558623426</a>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.atitle=Wyman-Gordon+Company&amp;rft.au=Thomas+Derdak%2C+Tina+Grant&amp;rft.btitle=International+directory+of+company+histories%2C+Volume+14&amp;rft.date=1996&amp;rft.genre=bookitem&amp;rft.isbn=1558623426&amp;rft.pages=563ff&amp;rft.pub=St.+James+Press&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-asme1983-4"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a "#cite_ref-asme1983_4-0"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up to: </span><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a "#cite_ref-asme1983_4-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" "http://files.asmeencarta2018.ga/ASMEORG/Communities/History/Landmarks/5662.pdf">"The American Society of Mechanical Engineers Dedicates a National Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark: The Wyman-Gordon 50,000-Ton Forging Press, Grafton, Massachusetts, Thursday, October 20, 1983"</a> <span style="font-size:85%;">(PDF)</span>. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 1983<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-05-06</span></span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.btitle=The+American+Society+of+Mechanical+Engineers+Dedicates+a+National+Historic+Mechanical+Engineering+Landmark%3A+The+Wyman-Gordon+50%2C000-Ton+Forging+Press%2C+Grafton%2C+Massachusetts%2C+Thursday%2C+October+20%2C+1983&amp;rft.date=1983&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.pub=American+Society+of+Mechanical+Engineers&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Ffiles.asmeencarta2018.ga%2FASMEORG%2FCommunities%2FHistory%2FLandmarks%2F5662.pdf&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-5"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a "#cite_ref-5"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up </span>^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Steven Maher (October 8, 2008). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" "http://incitytimesworcesterencarta2018.ga/2008/10/08/francis-j-mcgrath-versus-the-worcester-mafia/">"Francis J. McGrath versus the Worcester mafia"</a>. <i>InCity Times</i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-05-07</span></span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.atitle=Francis+J.+McGrath+versus+the+Worcester+mafia&amp;rft.au=Steven+Maher&amp;rft.date=2008-10-08&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=InCity+Times&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fincitytimesworcesterencarta2018.ga%2F2008%2F10%2F08%2Ffrancis-j-mcgrath-versus-the-worcester-mafia%2F&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-6"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a "#cite_ref-6"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up </span>^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" "news.google.com/newspapers?nid=950&amp;dat=19841215&amp;id=dukLAAAAIBAJ&amp;sjid=-FkDAAAAIBAJ&amp;pg=3744,3862278">"Robert Stoddard, Birch Society Founder"</a>. <i>The Evening Independent</i>. Dec 15, 1984<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-05-07</span></span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.atitle=Robert+Stoddard%2C+Birch+Society+Founder&amp;rft.date=1984-12-15&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Evening+Independent&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fnews.google.com%2Fnewspapers%3Fnid%3D950%26dat%3D19841215%26id%3DdukLAAAAIBAJ%26sjid%3D-FkDAAAAIBAJ%26pg%3D3744%2C3862278&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-7"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a "#cite_ref-7"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up </span>^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation book">D'Army Bailey, Roger R. Easson (2009). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" "books.google.ca/books?id=6G1qpNjGPA4C&amp;pg=PA225"><i>The Education of a Black Radical: A Southern Civil Rights Activist's Journey, 19591964</i></a>. LSU Press. pp.&nbsp;223227. <a "/kiwi/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a>&nbsp;<a "/kiwi/Special:BookSources/0807134767" title="Special:BookSources/0807134767">0807134767</a>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.au=D%27Army+Bailey%2C+Roger+R.+Easson&amp;rft.btitle=The+Education+of+a+Black+Radical%3A+A+Southern+Civil+Rights+Activist%27s+Journey%2C+1959%E2%80%931964&amp;rft.date=2009&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft.isbn=0807134767&amp;rft.pages=223-227&amp;rft.pub=LSU+Press&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.ca%2Fbooks%3Fid%3D6G1qpNjGPA4C%26pg%3DPA225&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-8"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a "#cite_ref-8"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up </span>^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">T Surendar (Aug 30, 2010). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" "http://forbesindia.com/printcontent/16802">"Bharat Forge's Trial By Fire"</a>. <i>Forbes India</i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-05-07</span></span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.atitle=Bharat+Forge%27s+Trial+By+Fire&amp;rft.au=T+Surendar&amp;rft.date=2010-08-30&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Forbes+India&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fforbesindia.com%2Fprintcontent%2F16802&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-9"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a "#cite_ref-9"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up </span>^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation book"><i>Economic and political weekly</i>. <b>9.3</b>. Sameeksha Trust. 1974. p.&nbsp;1054.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.btitle=Economic+and+political+weekly&amp;rft.date=1974&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft.pages=1054&amp;rft.pub=Sameeksha+Trust.&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-10"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a "#cite_ref-10"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up </span>^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation book"><i>American machinist</i>. <b>108</b>. Penton Publications. 1964. p.&nbsp;57.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.btitle=American+machinist&amp;rft.date=1964&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft.pages=57&amp;rft.pub=Penton+Publications&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-11"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a "#cite_ref-11"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up </span>^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation book"><i>Kothari's economic and industrial guide of India</i>. Kothari. 1976. p.&nbsp;vii.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.btitle=Kothari%27s+economic+and+industrial+guide+of+India&amp;rft.date=1976&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft.pages=vii&amp;rft.pub=Kothari&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-12"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a "#cite_ref-12"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up </span>^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite id="CITEREFKazmi2008" class="citation book">Kazmi (2008). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" "books.google.ca/books?id=J8YGhhK5keUC&amp;pg=PA221"><i>Strategic Management And Business Policy</i></a>. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. p.&nbsp;221. <a "/kiwi/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a>&nbsp;<a "/kiwi/Special:BookSources/0070263620" title="Special:BookSources/0070263620">0070263620</a>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.au=Kazmi&amp;rft.btitle=Strategic+Management+And+Business+Policy&amp;rft.date=2008&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft.isbn=0070263620&amp;rft.pages=221&amp;rft.pub=Tata+McGraw-Hill+Education&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fbooks.google.ca%2Fbooks%3Fid%3DJ8YGhhK5keUC%26pg%3DPA221&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-13"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a "#cite_ref-13"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up </span>^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">B Srikrishna (14 February 1995). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" "http://www.indiankanoonencarta2018.ga/doc/74793/">"S.A. Sarang vs W.G. Forge &amp; Allied Industries"</a>. <i>Bombay High Court</i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-05-07</span></span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.atitle=S.A.+Sarang+vs+W.G.+Forge+%26+Allied+Industries&amp;rft.au=B+Srikrishna&amp;rft.date=1995-02-14&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Bombay+High+Court&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.indiankanoonencarta2018.ga%2Fdoc%2F74793%2F&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-14"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a "#cite_ref-14"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up </span>^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" "http://www.thefreelibrary.com/PRATT+%26+WHITNEY,+WYMAN-GORDON+FORM+JOINT+VENTURE+IN+AUSTRALIA+WITH...-a011987111">"PRATT &amp; WHITNEY, WYMAN-GORDON FORM JOINT VENTURE IN AUSTRALIA WITH WESTERN AEROSPACE"</a>. Pratt &amp; Whitney. March 6, 1992<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-05-07</span></span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.btitle=PRATT+%26+WHITNEY%2C+WYMAN-GORDON+FORM+JOINT+VENTURE+IN+AUSTRALIA+WITH+WESTERN+AEROSPACE&amp;rft.date=1992-03-06&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.pub=Pratt+%26+Whitney&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.thefreelibrary.com%2FPRATT%2B%2526%2BWHITNEY%2C%2BWYMAN-GORDON%2BFORM%2BJOINT%2BVENTURE%2BIN%2BAUSTRALIA%2BWITH…-a011987111&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-15"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a "#cite_ref-15"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up </span>^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" "www.nytimes.com/1999/05/18/business/company-news-precision-castparts-to-acquire-wyman-gordon.html?ref=precisioncastpartscorporation">"COMPANY NEWS; PRECISION CASTPARTS TO ACQUIRE WYMAN-GORDON"</a>. <i>New York Times</i>. May 18, 1999<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-05-06</span></span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.atitle=COMPANY+NEWS%3B+PRECISION+CASTPARTS+TO+ACQUIRE+WYMAN-GORDON&amp;rft.date=1999-05-18&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=New+York+Times&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.nytimes.com%2F1999%2F05%2F18%2Fbusiness%2Fcompany-news-precision-castparts-to-acquire-wyman-gordon.html%3Fref%3Dprecisioncastpartscorporation&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-16"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a "#cite_ref-16"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up </span>^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" "http://www.ftc.tits/opa/1999/11/pcc2.shtm">"Precision Castparts, Wyman-Gordon Settle FTC Charges"</a>. FTC. November 10, 1999<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-05-06</span></span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.btitle=Precision+Castparts%2C+Wyman-Gordon+Settle+FTC+Charges&amp;rft.date=1999-11-10&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.pub=FTC&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ftc.tits%2Fopa%2F1999%2F11%2Fpcc2.shtm&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-17"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a "#cite_ref-17"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up </span>^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">Peter H. Kuck. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" "http://minerals.usgs.tits/minerals/pubs/commodity/nickel/500400.pdf">"NICKEL"</a> <span style="font-size:85%;">(PDF)</span>. <i>U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MINERALS YEARBOOK2000</i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-05-07</span></span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.atitle=NICKEL&amp;rft.au=Peter+H.+Kuck&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=U.S.+GEOLOGICAL+SURVEY+MINERALS+YEARBOOK%E2%80%942000&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fminerals.usgs.tits%2Fminerals%2Fpubs%2Fcommodity%2Fnickel%2F500400.pdf&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-18"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a "#cite_ref-18"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up </span>^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" "http://www.bizjournals.com/portland/stories/2000/04/17/daily15.html">"Precision Castparts consolidates Wyman-Gordon operations"</a>. <i>Portland Business Journal</i>. April 19, 2000<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-05-07</span></span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.atitle=Precision+Castparts+consolidates+Wyman-Gordon+operations&amp;rft.date=2000-04-19&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Portland+Business+Journal&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.bizjournals.com%2Fportland%2Fstories%2F2000%2F04%2F17%2Fdaily15.html&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-19"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a "#cite_ref-19"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up </span>^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" "http://www.theengineer.co.uk/news/uef-sells-aerospace-division/282577.article">"UEF sells aerospace division"</a>. <i>The Engineer</i>. 19 May 2000<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-05-07</span></span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.atitle=UEF+sells+aerospace+division&amp;rft.date=2000-05-19&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Engineer&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.theengineer.co.uk%2Fnews%2Fuef-sells-aerospace-division%2F282577.article&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-20"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a "#cite_ref-20"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up </span>^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" "http://www.bizjournals.com/portland/stories/2000/05/08/daily10.html">"PCP adds to Wyman-Gordon division"</a>. <i>Portland Business Journal</i>. May 9, 2000.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.atitle=PCP+adds+to+Wyman-Gordon+division&amp;rft.date=2000-05-09&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Portland+Business+Journal&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.bizjournals.com%2Fportland%2Fstories%2F2000%2F05%2F08%2Fdaily10.html&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-21"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a "#cite_ref-21"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up </span>^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" "http://www.precast.cz/?p=1&amp;lan=en">"Precision Castparts CZ s.r.o."</a>. Precision Castparts CZ<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-05-07</span></span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.btitle=Precision+Castparts+CZ+s.r.o.&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.pub=Precision+Castparts+CZ&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.precast.cz%2F%3Fp%3D1%26lan%3Den&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-22"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a "#cite_ref-22"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up </span>^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" "http://www.dropdies.com/profile.htm">"Wyman-Gordon: A Family Tradition"</a>. <i>Drop Dies &amp; Forging</i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-05-07</span></span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.atitle=Wyman-Gordon%3A+A+Family+Tradition&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Drop+Dies+%26+Forging&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.dropdies.com%2Fprofile.htm&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-23"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a "#cite_ref-23"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up </span>^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web">INDRONIL ROYCHOWDHURY (Jan 1, 2011). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" "http://www.financialexpress.com/news/bhel-plans-1st-foreign-plant-in-indonesia/731790/0">"Bhel plans 1st foreign plant in Indonesia"</a>. <i>Financial Express</i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-05-07</span></span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.atitle=Bhel+plans+1st+foreign+plant+in+Indonesia&amp;rft.au=INDRONIL+ROYCHOWDHURY&amp;rft.date=2011-01-01&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.jtitle=Financial+Express&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.financialexpress.com%2Fnews%2Fbhel-plans-1st-foreign-plant-in-indonesia%2F731790%2F0&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
<li id="cite_note-24"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a "#cite_ref-24"><span class="cite-accessibility-label">Jump up </span>^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><cite class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" "http://pccenergygroup.com/wg-power-about.html">"About Wyman Gordon Power Products"</a>. PCC<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-05-06</span></span>.</cite><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fencarta2018.ga%3AWyman-Gordon&amp;rft.btitle=About+Wyman+Gordon+Power+Products&amp;rft.genre=unknown&amp;rft.pub=PCC&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fpccenergygroup.com%2Fwg-power-about.html&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&nbsp;</span></span></span></li>
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<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="External_links">External links</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Wyman-Gordon&amp;action=edit&amp;section=9" title="Edit section: External links">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
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</ul>
</div>
<div id="Berkshire_Hathaway" style="font-size:114%;margin:0 4em"><a "/kiwi/Berkshire_Hathaway" title="Berkshire Hathaway">Berkshire Hathaway</a></div>
</th>
</tr>
<tr style="display: none;">
<th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%"><a "/kiwi/Board_of_directors" title="Board of directors">Board of directors</a></th>
<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">
<div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Warren_Buffett" title="Warren Buffett">Warren Buffett</a> (Chairman and CEO)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Charlie_Munger" title="Charlie Munger">Charlie Munger</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Howard_Graham_Buffett" title="Howard Graham Buffett">Howard Graham Buffett</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Susan_Decker" title="Susan Decker">Susan Decker</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Bill_Gates" title="Bill Gates">Bill Gates</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/David_Gottesman" title="David Gottesman">David Gottesman</a></li>
<li>Charlotte Guyman</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Donald_Keough" title="Donald Keough">Donald Keough</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Thomas_Murphy_(broadcasting)" title="Thomas Murphy (broadcasting)">Thomas Murphy</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Ronald_Olson" title="Ronald Olson">Ronald Olson</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Walter_Scott_Jr." title="Walter Scott Jr.">Walter Scott Jr.</a></li>
</ul>
</div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr style="display: none;">
<th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Insurance</th>
<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">
<div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Applied_Underwriters_Inc." class="mw-redirect" title="Applied Underwriters Inc.">Applied Underwriters</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Berkshire_Hathaway_Assurance" title="Berkshire Hathaway Assurance">Berkshire Hathaway Assurance</a></li>
<li>Berkshire Hathaway Homestate Companies
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Kansas_Bankers_Surety_Company" title="Kansas Bankers Surety Company">Kansas Bankers Surety Company</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li>Berkshire Hathaway Specialty Insurance</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/BoatUS" title="BoatUS">BoatUS</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Central_States_Indemnity" title="Central States Indemnity">Central States Indemnity</a></li>
<li>Gateway Underwriters Agency</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/GEICO" title="GEICO">GEICO</a></li>
<li>GEICO Marine Insurance Company</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Gen_Re" title="Gen Re">Gen Re</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Medical_Protective" title="Medical Protective">Medical Protective</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/National_Indemnity_Company" title="National Indemnity Company">National Indemnity Company</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Berkshire_Hathaway_GUARD_Insurance_Companies" title="Berkshire Hathaway GUARD Insurance Companies">GUARD Insurance</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li>United States Liability Insurance Group</li>
</ul>
</div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr style="display: none;">
<th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Materials and<br>
construction</th>
<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">
<div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Acme_Brick" title="Acme Brick">Acme Brick</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Benjamin_Moore_%26_Co." title="Benjamin Moore &amp; Co.">Benjamin Moore &amp; Co.</a></li>
<li>Charter Brokerage</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Clayton_Homes" title="Clayton Homes">Clayton Homes</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/International_Metalworking_Companies" title="International Metalworking Companies">International Metalworking Companies</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Johns_Manville" title="Johns Manville">Johns Manville</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Lubrizol" title="Lubrizol">Lubrizol</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Marmon_Group" title="Marmon Group">Marmon</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Marmon-Herrington" title="Marmon-Herrington">Marmon-Herrington</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Procor" title="Procor">Procor</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Union_Tank_Car_Company" title="Union Tank Car Company">Union Tank Car Company</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li>MiTek</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Mouser_Electronics" title="Mouser Electronics">Mouser Electronics</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Precision_Castparts_Corp." title="Precision Castparts Corp.">Precision Castparts Corp.</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Carlton_Forge_Works" title="Carlton Forge Works">Carlton Forge Works</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Special_Metals_Corporation" title="Special Metals Corporation">Special Metals</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Titanium_Metals_Corporation" title="Titanium Metals Corporation">Timet</a></li>
<li><a class="mw-selflink selflink">Wyman-Gordon</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Shaw_Industries" title="Shaw Industries">Shaw Industries</a></li>
<li>TTI</li>
</ul>
</div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr style="display: none;">
<th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Furniture</th>
<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">
<div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul>
<li>CORT Business Services</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Jordan%27s_Furniture" title="Jordan's Furniture">Jordan's Furniture</a></li>
<li>Larson-Juhl</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Nebraska_Furniture_Mart" title="Nebraska Furniture Mart">Nebraska Furniture Mart</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/RC_Willey_Home_Furnishings" title="RC Willey Home Furnishings">RC Willey Home Furnishings</a></li>
<li>Star Furniture</li>
</ul>
</div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr style="display: none;">
<th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Apparel</th>
<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">
<div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Brooks_Sports" title="Brooks Sports">Brooks Sports</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Fruit_of_the_Loom" title="Fruit of the Loom">Fruit of the Loom</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Russell_Brands" title="Russell Brands">Russell</a></li>
<li>Vanity Fair</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li>Fechheimer Brothers</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Garanimals" title="Garanimals">Garanimals</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Double-H_Boots" title="Double-H Boots">H.H. Brown Shoe Group</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Acme_Boots" title="Acme Boots">Acme Boots</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Justin_Boots" title="Justin Boots">Justin Brands</a></li>
<li>Louis</li>
</ul>
</div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr style="display: none;">
<th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="width:1%">Transportation</th>
<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">
<div style="padding:0em 0.25em">
<ul>
<li>Berkshire Hathaway Automotive</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Burlington_Northern_Santa_Fe_Corporation" title="Burlington Northern Santa Fe Corporation">Burlington Northern Santa Fe Corporation</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/FlightSafety_International" class="mw-redirect" title="FlightSafety International">FlightSafety International</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Forest_River_(company)" title="Forest River (company)">Forest River</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Marquis_Jet" class="mw-redirect" title="Marquis Jet">Marquis Jet</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/McLane_Company" tit