Sandleford---FreeEncartaFreeAssange

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<h1 id="firstHeading" class="firstHeading" lang="en">Sandleford</h1>
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</tr>
<tr class="mergedrow">
<th scope="row" style="width: 40%"><a "/kiwi/Telephone_numbers_in_the_United_Kingdom" title="Telephone numbers in the United Kingdom">Dialling&nbsp;code</a></th>
<td><span style="font-size:100%;">01635</span></td>
</tr>
<tr class="mergedtoprow">
<td colspan="2" style="text-align:center"></td>
</tr>
<tr class="mergedrow">
<th scope="row"><a "/kiwi/List_of_law_enforcement_agencies_in_the_United_Kingdom" class="mw-redirect" title="List of law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom">Police</a></th>
<td><a "/kiwi/Thames_Valley_Police" title="Thames Valley Police">Thames Valley</a></td>
</tr>
<tr class="mergedrow">
<th scope="row"><a "/kiwi/Fire_services_in_the_United_Kingdom" title="Fire services in the United Kingdom">Fire</a></th>
<td><a "/kiwi/Royal_Berkshire_Fire_and_Rescue_Service" title="Royal Berkshire Fire and Rescue Service">Royal Berkshire</a></td>
</tr>
<tr class="mergedrow">
<th scope="row"><a "/kiwi/Emergency_medical_services_in_the_United_Kingdom" title="Emergency medical services in the United Kingdom">Ambulance</a></th>
<td><a "/kiwi/South_Central_Ambulance_Service" title="South Central Ambulance Service">South Central</a></td>
</tr>
<tr style="display:none">
<td colspan="2"></td>
</tr>
<tr class="mergedtoprow">
<th scope="row" style="width: 40%"><a "/kiwi/List_of_members_of_the_European_Parliament_for_the_United_Kingdom,_2014%E2%80%9319" title="List of members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom, 201419">EU&nbsp;Parliament</a></th>
<td><a "/kiwi/South_East_England_(European_Parliament_constituency)" title="South East England (European Parliament constituency)">South East England</a></td>
</tr>
<tr class="mergedrow">
<th scope="row" style="width: 40%"><a "/kiwi/List_of_United_Kingdom_Parliament_constituencies" title="List of United Kingdom Parliament constituencies">UK&nbsp;Parliament</a></th>
<td>
<div class="plainlist">
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Newbury_(constituency)" class="mw-redirect" title="Newbury (constituency)">Newbury</a></li>
</ul>
</div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td colspan="2" class="hlist noprint nowrap" style="text-align:center;border-top: 1px solid #aaa; padding-top: 3px; font-size:85%;">
<dl>
<dt><span style="font-weight:normal;">List of places</span></dt>
<dd><a "/kiwi/List_of_United_Kingdom_locations" title="List of United Kingdom locations">UK</a></dd>
<dd><a "/kiwi/List_of_places_in_England" title="List of places in England">England</a></dd>
<dd><a "/kiwi/List_of_places_in_Berkshire" title="List of places in Berkshire">Berkshire</a></dd>
</dl>
<span class="plainlinks nourlexpansion"><span style="white-space: nowrap;"><img "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/WMA_button2b.png/17px-WMA_button2b.png" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/WMA_button2b.png/17px-WMA_button2b.png 1x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/WMA_button2b.png/34px-WMA_button2b.png 2x" class="wmamapbutton noprint" title="Show location on an interactive map" alt="" style="padding: 0px 3px 0px 0px; cursor: pointer;"><a class="external text" "tools.wmflabsencarta2018.ga/geohack/geohack.php?pagename=Sandleford&amp;params=51.378_N_-1.316_E_region:GB_type:city" style="white-space: nowrap;"><span class="geo-nondefault"><span class="geo-dms" title="Maps, aerial photos, and other data for this location"><span class="latitude">512241N</span> <span class="longitude">11858W</span></span></span><span class="geo-multi-punct"> / </span><span class="geo-default"><span class="geo-dec" title="Maps, aerial photos, and other data for this location">51.378N 1.316W</span><span style="display:none"> / <span class="geo">51.378; -1.316</span></span></span></a></span></span><span style="font-size: small;"><span id="coordinates"><a "/kiwi/Geographic_coordinate_system" title="Geographic coordinate system">Coordinates</a>: <span class="plainlinks nourlexpansion"><span style="white-space: nowrap;"><img "upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/WMA_button2b.png/17px-WMA_button2b.png" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/WMA_button2b.png/17px-WMA_button2b.png 1x, upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/WMA_button2b.png/34px-WMA_button2b.png 2x" class="wmamapbutton noprint" title="Show location on an interactive map" alt="" style="padding: 0px 3px 0px 0px; cursor: pointer;"><a class="external text" "tools.wmflabsencarta2018.ga/geohack/geohack.php?pagename=Sandleford&amp;params=51.378_N_-1.316_E_region:GB_type:city" style="white-space: nowrap;"><span class="geo-nondefault"><span class="geo-dms" title="Maps, aerial photos, and other data for this location"><span class="latitude">512241N</span> <span class="longitude">11858W</span></span></span><span class="geo-multi-punct"> / </span><span class="geo-default"><span class="geo-dec" title="Maps, aerial photos, and other data for this location">51.378N 1.316W</span><span style="display:none"> / <span class="geo">51.378; -1.316</span></span></span></a></span></span></span></span></td>
</tr>
</tbody></table>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a "/kiwi/File:UK_Ordnance_Survey_map,_detail_of_Sandleford,_from_sheet_113,_published_Southampton,_1939.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/2/2b/UK_Ordnance_Survey_map%2C_detail_of_Sandleford%2C_from_sheet_113%2C_published_Southampton%2C_1939.jpg/220px-UK_Ordnance_Survey_map%2C_detail_of_Sandleford%2C_from_sheet_113%2C_published_Southampton%2C_1939.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/2/2b/UK_Ordnance_Survey_map%2C_detail_of_Sandleford%2C_from_sheet_113%2C_published_Southampton%2C_1939.jpg/330px-UK_Ordnance_Survey_map%2C_detail_of_Sandleford%2C_from_sheet_113%2C_published_Southampton%2C_1939.jpg 1.5x, upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/2/2b/UK_Ordnance_Survey_map%2C_detail_of_Sandleford%2C_from_sheet_113%2C_published_Southampton%2C_1939.jpg/440px-UK_Ordnance_Survey_map%2C_detail_of_Sandleford%2C_from_sheet_113%2C_published_Southampton%2C_1939.jpg 2x" data-file-width="5464" data-file-height="3077" width="220" height="124"></a>
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<div class="magnify"><a "/kiwi/File:UK_Ordnance_Survey_map,_detail_of_Sandleford,_from_sheet_113,_published_Southampton,_1939.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>
UK Ordnance Survey map, detail of Sandleford, 1939.</div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a "/kiwi/File:(Presumedly)_Elizabeth_Montagu_(1718_%E2%80%93_1800)_in_a_landscape_by_Edward_Haytley_(died_1761).jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/a/a4/%28Presumedly%29_Elizabeth_Montagu_%281718_%E2%80%93_1800%29_in_a_landscape_by_Edward_Haytley_%28died_1761%29.jpg/220px-%28Presumedly%29_Elizabeth_Montagu_%281718_%E2%80%93_1800%29_in_a_landscape_by_Edward_Haytley_%28died_1761%29.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/a/a4/%28Presumedly%29_Elizabeth_Montagu_%281718_%E2%80%93_1800%29_in_a_landscape_by_Edward_Haytley_%28died_1761%29.jpg/330px-%28Presumedly%29_Elizabeth_Montagu_%281718_%E2%80%93_1800%29_in_a_landscape_by_Edward_Haytley_%28died_1761%29.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/a/a4/%28Presumedly%29_Elizabeth_Montagu_%281718_%E2%80%93_1800%29_in_a_landscape_by_Edward_Haytley_%28died_1761%29.jpg/440px-%28Presumedly%29_Elizabeth_Montagu_%281718_%E2%80%93_1800%29_in_a_landscape_by_Edward_Haytley_%28died_1761%29.jpg 2x" data-file-width="5166" data-file-height="7280" width="220" height="310"></a>
<div class="thumbcaption">
<div class="magnify"><a "/kiwi/File:(Presumedly)_Elizabeth_Montagu_(1718_%E2%80%93_1800)_in_a_landscape_by_Edward_Haytley_(died_1761).jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>
Presumed to be <a "/kiwi/Elizabeth_Montagu" title="Elizabeth Montagu">Elizabeth Montagu</a> (1718 1800) in a Sandlefordesque landscape, by <a "/kiwi/Edward_Haytley" title="Edward Haytley">Edward Haytley</a> (died 1761).</div>
</div>
</div>
<p><b>Sandleford</b> is a <a "/kiwi/Hamlet_(place)" title="Hamlet (place)">hamlet</a> and former parish in the English county of <a "/kiwi/Berkshire" title="Berkshire">Berkshire</a>. The settlement is now within the <a "/kiwi/Civil_parish" title="Civil parish">civil parish</a> of <a "/kiwi/Greenham" title="Greenham">Greenham</a>, and is located approximately 1.5 miles (2.4&nbsp;km) south of the town of <a "/kiwi/Newbury,_Berkshire" title="Newbury, Berkshire">Newbury</a>. It measures about 520 acres, most of which is taken up with the fields and copses to the west of the Priory. A census taken in 1801 showed Sandleford to have three houses, three families and 18 people.<sup id="cite_ref-1" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-1">[1]</a></sup> At the same time Newbury comprised 931 houses, 34 empty houses, 971 families and 4275 people. <a "/kiwi/John_Marius_Wilson" title="John Marius Wilson">John Marius Wilson</a> in his <i><a "/kiwi/Imperial_Gazetteer_of_England_and_Wales" title="Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales">Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales</a></i>, 187072, gave Sandleford as having <i>Real property 775; of which 10 are in fisheries</i>, and a population of 49 in nine houses, but in 1881 the population of Sandleford had shrunk to 34.<sup id="cite_ref-2" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-2">[2]</a></sup> In 1615 it was separated from the manor and parish of Newbury, and the adjacent Wash Common and became <a "/kiwi/Extra-parochial" class="mw-redirect" title="Extra-parochial">extra-parochial</a>, as described by <a "/kiwi/Francis_Moore_(barrister)" title="Francis Moore (barrister)">Sir Francis More, Kt, of Fawley</a>, it was to be: <i>no part of the Parish of Newbury, nor to be so reputed</i>. At some point after 1924 it was subsumed into the parish of Greenham.</p>
<p>On 23 August 1759 the Rector of Newbury, Rev. Thomas Penrose (died 1769), father of the poet <a "/kiwi/Thomas_Penrose" title="Thomas Penrose">Thomas Penrose</a>, in answer to some set questions about Newbury, and to question number five in particular which concerned 'seats of gentry' in the town, wrote this: [Newbury has] <i>No seat of gentry; if you except Sandleford, which is an estate held of the church of Windsor, and which is often considered as extra-parochial, but which pays a composition in lieu of tithes to the rector of Newbury. It is situated to the south of Newbury. The present lessee is <a "/kiwi/Edward_Montagu_(1692%E2%80%931776)" title="Edward Montagu (16921776)">Edward Montagu</a>, Esq.; Member of Parliament for the town of Huntingdon.</i><sup id="cite_ref-3" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-3">[3]</a></sup></p>
<p></p>
<div id="toc" class="toc">
<div class="toctitle">
<h2>Contents</h2>
<span class="toctoggle">&nbsp;[<a role="button" tabindex="0" class="togglelink">hide</a>]&nbsp;</span></div>
<ul>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-1"><a "#Notable_buildings"><span class="tocnumber">1</span> <span class="toctext">Notable buildings</span></a>
<ul>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-2"><a "#Sandleford_Priory"><span class="tocnumber">1.1</span> <span class="toctext">Sandleford Priory</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-3"><a "#Sandleford_Cottage.2FLodge.2FPlace"><span class="tocnumber">1.2</span> <span class="toctext">Sandleford Cottage/Lodge/Place</span></a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-4"><a "#Literature"><span class="tocnumber">2</span> <span class="toctext">Literature</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-5"><a "#Sandleford_Fair_and_Festival"><span class="tocnumber">3</span> <span class="toctext">Sandleford Fair and Festival</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-6"><a "#Free_Warren"><span class="tocnumber">4</span> <span class="toctext">Free Warren</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-7"><a "#Notable_owners.2C_residents.2C_and_people_associated_with_Sandleford"><span class="tocnumber">5</span> <span class="toctext">Notable owners, residents, and people associated with Sandleford</span></a>
<ul>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-8"><a "#Geoffrey_and_Matilda"><span class="tocnumber">5.1</span> <span class="toctext">Geoffrey and Matilda</span></a>
<ul>
<li class="toclevel-3 tocsection-9"><a "#Other_typical_donors_to_the_priory"><span class="tocnumber">5.1.1</span> <span class="toctext">Other typical donors to the priory</span></a></li>
</ul>
</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-10"><a "#West_Ilsley"><span class="tocnumber">6</span> <span class="toctext">West Ilsley</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-11"><a "#Priory.27s_main_holdings_in_1291"><span class="tocnumber">7</span> <span class="toctext">Priory's main holdings in 1291</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-12"><a "#Kingsclere_Woodlands"><span class="tocnumber">8</span> <span class="toctext">Kingsclere Woodlands</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-13"><a "#Priors_of_Sandleford"><span class="tocnumber">9</span> <span class="toctext">Priors of Sandleford</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-14"><a "#Robin_Hood"><span class="tocnumber">10</span> <span class="toctext">Robin Hood</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-15"><a "#Richard_Beauchamp"><span class="tocnumber">11</span> <span class="toctext">Richard Beauchamp</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-16"><a "#Dean_and_Canons_of_Windsor"><span class="tocnumber">12</span> <span class="toctext">Dean and Canons of Windsor</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-17"><a "#Dr._John_Burgess"><span class="tocnumber">13</span> <span class="toctext">Dr. John Burgess</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-18"><a "#Thomas_Hide_or_Hyde"><span class="tocnumber">14</span> <span class="toctext">Thomas Hide or Hyde</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-19"><a "#Sir_Francis_Moore"><span class="tocnumber">15</span> <span class="toctext">Sir Francis Moore</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-20"><a "#Commonwealth_and_Protectorate"><span class="tocnumber">16</span> <span class="toctext">Commonwealth and Protectorate</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-21"><a "#Alexander_and_Thomas_Staples"><span class="tocnumber">17</span> <span class="toctext">Alexander and Thomas Staples</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-22"><a "#Kingsmill_family"><span class="tocnumber">18</span> <span class="toctext">Kingsmill family</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-23"><a "#William_Cradock"><span class="tocnumber">19</span> <span class="toctext">William Cradock</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-24"><a "#Montagu_family_and_associates"><span class="tocnumber">20</span> <span class="toctext">Montagu family and associates</span></a>
<ul>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-25"><a "#Mary_Morgan.27s_description"><span class="tocnumber">20.1</span> <span class="toctext">Mary Morgan's description</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-26"><a "#Matthew_Montagu.2C_William_Wilberforce.2C_and_Sandleford"><span class="tocnumber">20.2</span> <span class="toctext">Matthew Montagu, William Wilberforce, and Sandleford</span></a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-27"><a "#Chatteris_and_beyond"><span class="tocnumber">21</span> <span class="toctext">Chatteris and beyond</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-28"><a "#Sandleford_Mill.2FCottage.2FLodge.2FPlace"><span class="tocnumber">22</span> <span class="toctext">Sandleford Mill/Cottage/Lodge/Place</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-29"><a "#Miscellaneous"><span class="tocnumber">23</span> <span class="toctext">Miscellaneous</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-30"><a "#Mrs_Elizabeth_Montagu.27s_1743_description_of_Sandleford"><span class="tocnumber">24</span> <span class="toctext">Mrs Elizabeth Montagu's 1743 description of Sandleford</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-31"><a "#William_Cobbett.27s_description.2C_1821"><span class="tocnumber">25</span> <span class="toctext">William Cobbett's description, 1821</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-32"><a "#Landscape"><span class="tocnumber">26</span> <span class="toctext">Landscape</span></a>
<ul>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-33"><a "#Mrs_Montagu_and_Newbury_job_creation"><span class="tocnumber">26.1</span> <span class="toctext">Mrs Montagu and Newbury job creation</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-34"><a "#Tourist_Attraction"><span class="tocnumber">26.2</span> <span class="toctext">Tourist Attraction</span></a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-35"><a "#1781_survey"><span class="tocnumber">27</span> <span class="toctext">1781 survey</span></a>
<ul>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-36"><a "#Midgham"><span class="tocnumber">27.1</span> <span class="toctext">Midgham</span></a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-37"><a "#Recent_history"><span class="tocnumber">28</span> <span class="toctext">Recent history</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-38"><a "#Bibliography"><span class="tocnumber">29</span> <span class="toctext">Bibliography</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-39"><a "#References"><span class="tocnumber">30</span> <span class="toctext">References</span></a></li>
</ul>
</div>
<p></p>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Notable_buildings">Notable buildings</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=1" title="Edit section: Notable buildings">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Sandleford_Priory">Sandleford Priory</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=2" title="Edit section: Sandleford Priory">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<p>The remains of Sandleford Priory (12001478) are incorporated into <a "/kiwi/St_Gabriel%27s_School" title="St Gabriel's School">St Gabriel's School</a>.</p>
<p>Sandleford was a priory of Austin canons, founded between 1193 and 1202 by Geoffrey, 4th count of Perch, and <a "/kiwi/Matilda_of_Saxony_(1172-1209/10)" title="Matilda of Saxony (1172-1209/10)">Richenza-Matilda</a> his wife. A confirmation charter from <a "/kiwi/Stephen_Langton" title="Stephen Langton">Archbishop Stephen</a> indicates the priory was dedicated to St John the Baptist and endowed with all the lands of Sandleford. The appropriation of the priory to the <a "/kiwi/Dean_and_Canons_of_Windsor" title="Dean and Canons of Windsor">Dean and Canons of Windsor</a> was mainly owing to Bishop Beauchamp of Salisbury, who was dean of Windsor from 1478 to 1481. By this time it appears the religious had forsaken the priory.</p>
<p>On 9 March 1478, <a "/kiwi/Richard_Beauchamp_(bishop)" title="Richard Beauchamp (bishop)">Richard Beauchamp</a>, Bishop of Salisbury and Dean of Windsor, surrendered to the <a "/kiwi/Dean_and_Canons_of_Windsor" title="Dean and Canons of Windsor">Dean and Canons of Windsor</a>, all the lands, tenements, manors, etc, in Berkshire, formerly belonging to the Prior and Convent of St John the Baptist, Sandleford.</p>
<p>The priory had been richly endowed with properties over a number of years and those which came into the possession of the Dean and Canons included the following: Lands in Bramley, Chiddingfold, and Hambledon, Surrey; the manor of East Enborne, Berkshire; lands in Freefolk, Whitchurch, Hampshire; lands in Kingsclere, Hampshire; lands in Newbury, Berkshire; lands in Newtown, Hampshire; lands in <a "/kiwi/Pamber" title="Pamber">Pamber</a>, Hampshire; the manor of Roke, Odiham, Hampshire; and the rectory of West Ilsley, Berkshire.<sup id="cite_ref-4" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-4">[4]</a></sup></p>
<p>The original <a "/kiwi/Rhomboid" title="Rhomboid">rhomboid</a> shaped endowment for the Augustinian priory of Sandleford read something like:</p>
<p><i>with the church and all the lands at Sandelford [Sandleford, aka Sandaleford&nbsp;: ford of the river Ale-burne], as it is bounded by hedges and ditches</i> [i.e. enclosed] <i>and all its appurtenances</i>, <i>And the whole of the wood which is called Brademore [Broadmore], And the whole of the land on each side of the wood, as it is bounded on one side by the watercourse which is called the Aleburne [River Enborne] from the Bridge of Sandleford up to the Aleburne-gate,<sup id="cite_ref-5" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-5">[5]</a></sup> and on the other-side as far as it is bounded by the road which reaches from Aleburne-gate towards Newbury as far as the croft of <b>William the Hunter</b>, and on the third side so far as the road is carried, thence to the croft of Robert the son of Renbaldi, [<b>Robert fitz Rembaldand</b>], that is the road that leads to Newbury, and on the fourth side as it is bounded by the same road [A339] as far as the bridge of Sandleford</i>.<sup id="cite_ref-6" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-6">[6]</a></sup></p>
<p>An extract of the original Latin foundation description:</p>
<dl>
<dd><i>… ecclesiam et totam terram de Sandelford, sicuti sepibus vel fossatis circumsepta est, cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, et totum boscum qui vocatur Brademore, et totam terram ex utraque parte jusdem bosci, sicut cingitur ex una parte acqua quae vocatur Aleburne, a ponte de Sandelford usque ad Alburnegate, et in alia parte sicut cingitur via quae extenditur de Alburnegate versus Nyweburie, usque ad croftam Willielmi Venatoris: …</i><sup id="cite_ref-7" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-7">[7]</a></sup></dd>
</dl>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Sandleford_Cottage.2FLodge.2FPlace">Sandleford Cottage/Lodge/Place</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=3" title="Edit section: Sandleford Cottage/Lodge/Place">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<p>On the southern boundary, by the River Enborne, on the Berkshire and Hampshire, and Sandleford and Newtown border.</p>
<ul class="gallery mw-gallery-packed">
<li class="gallerybox" style="width: 269.677px;">
<div style="width: 269.677px;">
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<div style="margin:0px auto;"><a "/kiwi/File:Edward_Haytley%27s_portrait_of_the_Montagu_Family_at_Sandleford_Priory,_Newtown,_near_Newbury,_Berkshire,_GB,_circa_1744.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/b/b8/Edward_Haytley%27s_portrait_of_the_Montagu_Family_at_Sandleford_Priory%2C_Newtown%2C_near_Newbury%2C_Berkshire%2C_GB%2C_circa_1744.jpg/303px-Edward_Haytley%27s_portrait_of_the_Montagu_Family_at_Sandleford_Priory%2C_Newtown%2C_near_Newbury%2C_Berkshire%2C_GB%2C_circa_1744.jpg" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/b/b8/Edward_Haytley%27s_portrait_of_the_Montagu_Family_at_Sandleford_Priory%2C_Newtown%2C_near_Newbury%2C_Berkshire%2C_GB%2C_circa_1744.jpg/455px-Edward_Haytley%27s_portrait_of_the_Montagu_Family_at_Sandleford_Priory%2C_Newtown%2C_near_Newbury%2C_Berkshire%2C_GB%2C_circa_1744.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/b/b8/Edward_Haytley%27s_portrait_of_the_Montagu_Family_at_Sandleford_Priory%2C_Newtown%2C_near_Newbury%2C_Berkshire%2C_GB%2C_circa_1744.jpg/607px-Edward_Haytley%27s_portrait_of_the_Montagu_Family_at_Sandleford_Priory%2C_Newtown%2C_near_Newbury%2C_Berkshire%2C_GB%2C_circa_1744.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1024" data-file-height="608" width="267" height="159"></a></div>
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<p><a "/kiwi/Edward_Haytley" title="Edward Haytley">Edward Haytley</a>'s portrait, <i>The Montagu Family at Sandleford Priory</i>, circa 1744.</p>
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<p>Sandleford Priory from the west, from the drive that connected the priory to the Andover road (A343), as seen between Dirty Ground Copse and Gorse Covert.</p>
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<div style="margin:0px auto;"><a "/kiwi/File:Sandleford_Cottage,_Newbury.JPG" class=""><img alt="" "
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<p>Sandleford Cottage, former home of <a "/kiwi/Seton_Montolieu_Montgomerie" title="Seton Montolieu Montgomerie">Seton Montolieu Montgomerie</a> and her daughters <a "/kiwi/Viva_Seton_Montgomerie" title="Viva Seton Montgomerie">Viva</a> and Alswen.</p>
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<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Literature">Literature</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=4" title="Edit section: Literature">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<p>The original home of the rabbits in <a "/kiwi/Richard_Adams" title="Richard Adams">Richard Adams</a>' novel <a "/kiwi/Watership_Down" title="Watership Down">Watership Down</a> was at Sandleford.</p>
<p>Mrs. <a "/kiwi/Elizabeth_Montagu" title="Elizabeth Montagu">Elizabeth Montagu</a>, the distinguished <a "/kiwi/Blue-stocking" class="mw-redirect" title="Blue-stocking">blue-stocking</a>, who lived at Sandleford from 1742 until her death in 1800 writes from and mentions Sandleford in dozens of her of letters.<sup id="cite_ref-8" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-8">[8]</a></sup></p>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Sandleford_Fair_and_Festival">Sandleford Fair and Festival</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=5" title="Edit section: Sandleford Fair and Festival">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<p>In 1235 the Prior of Sandleford obtained from King Henry III the right to hold a charter fair of four days during the Feast of Saint <a "/kiwi/Matthew_the_Apostle" title="Matthew the Apostle">Matthew the Apostle</a> (21 September), and perhaps another two days around 2023 September.<sup id="cite_ref-9" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-9">[9]</a></sup> Suitably enough, 780 years later, the present day <i>Newbury Show</i>, aka <a "/kiwi/Royal_County_of_Berkshire_Show" title="Royal County of Berkshire Show">Royal County of Berkshire Show</a>, is held over those days. Perhaps one is the successor of the other, afteral the first annual Newbury and District Agricultural Show was held in 1909 on land included in the Priory's original 1190s endowment at Enborne Gate Farm, aka Alburnegate.<sup id="cite_ref-10" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-10">[10]</a></sup></p>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Free_Warren">Free Warren</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=6" title="Edit section: Free Warren">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<p>In 1293, King Edward I granted the priory <a "/kiwi/Free_warren" title="Free warren">free warren</a> on all its <a "/kiwi/Demesne" title="Demesne">demesne</a> lands at Sandleford and Enborne; <i>so long as nevertheless those lands are not within the bounds of our <a "/kiwi/Royal_forest" title="Royal forest">forest</a>.</i> (Note that forest does not mean woods).<sup id="cite_ref-11" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-11">[11]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-12" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-12">[12]</a></sup></p>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Notable_owners.2C_residents.2C_and_people_associated_with_Sandleford">Notable owners, residents, and people associated with Sandleford</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=7" title="Edit section: Notable owners, residents, and people associated with Sandleford">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<p>From secluded holy women (inclusae), naughty priors (Simon Dam) with illicit mistresses (Thomasina), via the Blue-stocking pioneer (Elizabeth Montagu) to the present day where one of the co-absentee-landowners is husband of a <a "/kiwi/House_of_Golitsyn" title="House of Golitsyn">Russian princess</a> and father a star of <a "/kiwi/Made_in_Chelsea" title="Made in Chelsea">Made in Chelsea</a>, the rulers Sandleford have been a illustrious bunch.<sup id="cite_ref-13" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-13">[13]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-14" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-14">[14]</a></sup></p>
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<li>At time of the Domesday survey in 1086 Sandleford seems to have been a part of or belonged with Ulvitrone, aka Newbury, to Arnulf or <a "/kiwi/Ernulf_de_Hesdin" title="Ernulf de Hesdin">Ernulf de Hesdin</a> (1038-killed Antioch, 1097/98), son of Gerard IV of Hesdin by his wife Nesta ferch Gruffydd, a daughter of <a "/kiwi/Gruffydd_ap_Llywelyn" title="Gruffydd ap Llywelyn">Gruffydd ap Llywelyn</a> by <a "/kiwi/Ealdgyth,_daughter_of_Earl_%C3%86lfgar" title="Ealdgyth, daughter of Earl lfgar">Ealdgyth, daughter of Earl lfgar</a>. Newbury was assesed to have had <a "/kiwi/Pannage" title="Pannage">pannage</a> for 50 hogs, much of this woodland will have been the wood called Brademore (Broadmoor) at Sandleford.</li>
<li><i>Inclusa of Sandraford</i>, as mentioned in a <a "/kiwi/Pipe_roll" class="mw-redirect" title="Pipe roll">pipe roll</a> of 26 Henry II, 117980. Otherwise known as an anchoress, a female <a "/kiwi/Anchorite" title="Anchorite">Anchorite</a>, a withdrawn holy person;<sup id="cite_ref-15" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-15">[15]</a></sup></li>
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<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Geoffrey_and_Matilda">Geoffrey and Matilda</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=8" title="Edit section: Geoffrey and Matilda">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
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Family tree of Rotrou de Perche.</div>
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Family tree, Ernulf de Hesdin to Geoffrey de Perche.</div>
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Shield of Perche. An heraldic device similar to that used by the <a "/kiwi/De_Clare" title="De Clare">De Clare</a> family.</div>
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<li>Anglo-French magnate and veteran of the <a "/kiwi/Third_Crusade" title="Third Crusade">Third Crusade</a> Geoffrey (died 1202,<sup id="cite_ref-16" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-16">[16]</a></sup> buried St. Denis, <a "/kiwi/Nogent-le-Rotrou" title="Nogent-le-Rotrou">Nogent-le-Rotrou</a>), <a "/kiwi/Lords,_counts_and_dukes_of_Perche" title="Lords, counts and dukes of Perche">Earl of Perche and Mortagne</a>, of the <a "/kiwi/House_of_Ch%C3%A2teaudun" title="House of Chteaudun">House of Chteaudun</a>, Lord of the manor of Newbury, and his wife (they married in 1189) Richenza-<a "/kiwi/Matilda_of_Saxony_(1172-1209/10)" title="Matilda of Saxony (1172-1209/10)">Matilda of Saxony</a>, daughter of <a "/kiwi/Henry_the_Lion" title="Henry the Lion">Henry the Lion</a>, duke of Bavaria and duke of Saxony, (died 1195) by <a "/kiwi/Matilda_of_England,_Duchess_of_Saxony" title="Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony">Matilda (or Maud) of England</a> (died 1189). Matilda, countess de Perche, was thus a legitimate granddaughter of King <a "/kiwi/Henry_II_of_England" title="Henry II of England">Henry II</a> (died 1189) and <a "/kiwi/Eleanor_of_Aquitane" class="mw-redirect" title="Eleanor of Aquitane">Eleanor of Aquitane</a> (died 1204), a great-granddaughter of <a "/kiwi/Empress_Matilda" title="Empress Matilda">Empress Matilda</a> (died 1167), great-great grand daughter of <a "/kiwi/Matilda_of_Scotland" title="Matilda of Scotland">Matilda of Scotland</a> (died 1118), and was niece of both <a "/kiwi/Richard_I_of_England" title="Richard I of England">King Richard the Lionheart</a> (died 1199) and <a "/kiwi/John,_King_of_England" title="John, King of England">Bad King John</a> (died 1216), and of <a "/kiwi/Eleanor_of_England,_Queen_of_Castile" title="Eleanor of England, Queen of Castile">Queen Eleanor of Castille</a> (died 1214). The Holy Roman Emperor <a "/kiwi/Otto_IV,_Holy_Roman_Emperor" title="Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor">Otto IV</a> was one of Matilda's brothers. In 1204, two years after count Geoffrey's death, Richenza-Matilda married <a "/kiwi/Enguerrand_III,_Lord_of_Coucy" title="Enguerrand III, Lord of Coucy">Enguerrand III, Lord of Coucy</a> (c.11821242), <i>Enguerrand le Grand</i>, of <a "/kiwi/Picardy" title="Picardy">Picardy</a>.</li>
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<sub>A 13th-century depiction of the <a "/kiwi/Battle_of_Lincoln_(1217)" title="Battle of Lincoln (1217)">Second Battle of Lincoln</a>, which occurred at <a "/kiwi/Lincoln_Castle" title="Lincoln Castle">Lincoln Castle</a> on 20 May 1217 during the <a "/kiwi/First_Barons%27_War" title="First Barons' War">First Barons' War</a> between the forces of the future <a "/kiwi/Louis_VIII_of_France" title="Louis VIII of France">Louis VIII of France</a> and those of King <a "/kiwi/Henry_III_of_England" title="Henry III of England">Henry III of England</a>. Louis' forces were attacked by a relief force under the command of <a "/kiwi/William_Marshal,_1st_Earl_of_Pembroke" title="William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke">William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke</a>. <a "fr.kiwipediaencarta2018.ga/kiwi/Thomas_du_Perche" class="extiw" title="fr:Thomas du Perche">Thomas du Perche</a>, the Comte de la Perche, who was commanding the French troops, was killed; the illustration depicts his death. Perche had come to England to try and recover the honour of Perche which had been lost in 1204 by his mother (a niece of <a "/kiwi/John,_King_of_England" title="John, King of England">John, King of England</a>) this included <a "/kiwi/Newbury,_Berkshire" title="Newbury, Berkshire">Newbury</a> and <a "/kiwi/Shrivenham" title="Shrivenham">Shrivenham</a> in Berkshire, Toddington in <a "/kiwi/Buckinghamshire" title="Buckinghamshire">Buckinghamshire</a>, and <a "/kiwi/Haughley" title="Haughley">Haughley</a> in Suffolk. This heavy defeat led to Louis being expelled from his base in the southeast of England.</sub></div>
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Thomas du Perche, son and heir of Geoffrey &amp; Matilda, killed 1217.</div>
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<dl>
<dd>Matilda and Geoffrey III, fourth Count of <a "/kiwi/Perche" title="Perche">Perche</a>, founded Sandleford Priory between 1193 and 1200. In addition to the freehold of the site and 600 or so acres, <i>all the lands at Sandleford, as it is bound by hedges and ditches, with all its appurtenances,</i> an annuity of 13 marks from the mills of Newbury was allocated for the support of the house.<sup id="cite_ref-17" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-17">[17]</a></sup></dd>
<dd>Geoffrey's grandfather the great <a "/kiwi/Rotrou_III,_Count_of_Perche" title="Rotrou III, Count of Perche">Rotrou III, Count of Perche</a> (1084-killed 1143/44) married (1136) Hawise (Harwise or Hedwig) d'Evereux (11181152), daughter of Walter (d'Evereux) of Salisbury by Sibyl de Chaworth (de Chaources, alias Mundublel, alias de Cadurcis). Sibyl's parents who married in 1118 were Maud/Matilda de Hesdin and Patrick de Chaources. Sibyl was thus a granddaughter of the modern era founder of Newbury the Lord of Ulvritone, <a "/kiwi/Ernulf_de_Hesdin" title="Ernulf de Hesdin">Ernulf de Hesdin</a> (died Antioch, 1097). Hawise was an elder sister of <a "/kiwi/Patrick_of_Salisbury,_1st_Earl_of_Salisbury" title="Patrick of Salisbury, 1st Earl of Salisbury">Patrick of Salisbury, 1st Earl of Salisbury</a> (c. 1122 1168) and of <a "/kiwi/John_Marshal_(Marshal_of_England)" title="John Marshal (Marshal of England)">Sibyl Marshal</a>.</dd>
<dd>Hawise and <a "/kiwi/Rotrou_III,_Count_of_Perche" title="Rotrou III, Count of Perche">Rotrou III</a>'s son, Count Geoffrey's father, <a "nl.kiwipediaencarta2018.ga/kiwi/Rotrud_IV_van_Perche" class="extiw" title="nl:Rotrud IV van Perche">Rotrou IV</a>, count of Perche and <a "/kiwi/Mortagne-au-Perche" title="Mortagne-au-Perche">Mortagne</a>,<sup id="cite_ref-18" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-18">[18]</a></sup> was slain during the <a "/kiwi/Third_Crusade" title="Third Crusade">Third Crusade</a> the at <a "/kiwi/Siege_of_Acre_(1189%E2%80%9391)" title="Siege of Acre (118991)">Siege of Acre</a>, having married Matilda (died 1184) daughter of <a "/kiwi/Theobald_II,_Count_of_Champagne" title="Theobald II, Count of Champagne">Theobald IV</a>.</dd>
<dd>Hawise's younger sister Sibyl (1120-) married <a "/kiwi/John_Marshal_(Marshal_of_England)" title="John Marshal (Marshal of England)">John Marshal</a>, and their sons John the Marshall, <a "/kiwi/William_Marshal,_1st_Earl_of_Pembroke" title="William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke">William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke</a> and <a "/kiwi/Henry_Marshall_(bishop_of_Exeter)" class="mw-redirect" title="Henry Marshall (bishop of Exeter)">Henry Marshall (bishop of Exeter)</a> (died 1206) were thus Geoffrey's first cousins-once-removed. After <a "/kiwi/Thomas,_Count_of_Perche" title="Thomas, Count of Perche">Count Thomas Perche's</a> death, at the <a "/kiwi/Battle_of_Lincoln_(1217)" title="Battle of Lincoln (1217)">Battle of Lincoln</a> leading the forces of the <a "/kiwi/Capetian_dynasty" title="Capetian dynasty">Capetain</a> <a "/kiwi/Louis_VIII_of_France" title="Louis VIII of France">Prince Louis</a> against King John and his noble cousin <a "/kiwi/William_Marshal,_1st_Earl_of_Pembroke" title="William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke">William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke</a> (died 1219) in 1217, his noble kinswoman, a second cousin once removed, Ella or <a "/kiwi/Ela_of_Salisbury,_3rd_Countess_of_Salisbury" title="Ela of Salisbury, 3rd Countess of Salisbury">Ela of Salisbury, 3rd Countess of Salisbury</a>, daughter of <a "/kiwi/William_of_Salisbury,_2nd_Earl_of_Salisbury" title="William of Salisbury, 2nd Earl of Salisbury">William of Salisbury, 2nd Earl of Salisbury</a>, and wife of <a "/kiwi/William_Longesp%C3%A9e,_3rd_Earl_of_Salisbury" title="William Longespe, 3rd Earl of Salisbury">William Longespe (Longspey), 3rd Earl of Salisbury</a> claimed some of his property, including Newbury. William Longspey, Lord Salisbury, was uncle of <a "/kiwi/Henry_III_of_England" title="Henry III of England">Henry III</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-19" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-19">[19]</a></sup></dd>
<dd>The connection of <a "/kiwi/John_Marshal_(Marshal_of_England)" title="John Marshal (Marshal of England)">John le Marshal (died 1194)</a> and his younger brother <a "/kiwi/William_Marshal,_1st_Earl_of_Pembroke" title="William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke">William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke</a> (died 1219), of <a "/kiwi/Newbury_Castle" title="Newbury Castle">Newbury Castle</a>, <a "/kiwi/Hamstead_Marshall" title="Hamstead Marshall">Hamstead Marshall</a> to Sandleford also shown by the former's mistress Alice de Colville (died before 1220?) of Maidencourt, <a "/kiwi/East_Garston" title="East Garston">East Garston</a> giving six-quarters of wheat (28 pounds x 6 = 168 pounds = 12 stone) from Maidencourt to the Priory of Sandleford for praying for their souls.<sup id="cite_ref-20" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-20">[20]</a></sup></dd>
</dl>
<ul>
<li>Geoffrey's uncle <a "/kiwi/Stephen_du_Perche" title="Stephen du Perche">Stephen du Perche</a> (1137/81169), had been <a "/kiwi/Archbishop_of_Palermo" class="mw-redirect" title="Archbishop of Palermo">Archbishop of Palermo</a>, and his brother Stephen was killed at siege and <a "/kiwi/Battle_of_Adrianople" title="Battle of Adrianople">Battle of Adrianople</a> in 1205, while two other brothers, Rotrou (bishop 11901200) and William (died 1226), were both sometime bishops of <a "/kiwi/Roman_Catholic_Diocese_of_Ch%C3%A2lons" title="Roman Catholic Diocese of Chlons">Chlons</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-21" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-21">[21]</a></sup></li>
</ul>
<dl>
<dd>In 1195 Geoffrey was described by the chronicler as a man <i>whose soul was naturally grand and magnanimous</i> [whose] <i>sole happiness was to consecrate his fortune in fostering religion and relieving suffering humanity</i> [in conjunction with] <i>his noble and pious wife Matilda</i>.<sup id="cite_ref-22" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-22">[22]</a></sup></dd>
</dl>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Stephen_Langton" title="Stephen Langton">Archbishop (and Cardinal) Stephen (Langton)</a> (c.11501228) (Archbishop of Canterbury, 12071228), in its confirmation charter stated that the house was dedicated to the honour of <a "/kiwi/John_the_Baptist" title="John the Baptist">St. John Baptist</a> (and the Blessed Virgin Mary and all the Saints). The original seals on the charter featured those of the Archbishop of Canterbury <a "/kiwi/Hubert_Walter" title="Hubert Walter">Hubert Walter</a>, the Bishop of Sarum <a "/kiwi/Herbert_Poore" title="Herbert Poore">Herbert le Poer (Poore)</a>, William of Perche (died 1226) bishop of <a "/kiwi/Roman_Catholic_Diocese_of_Ch%C3%A2lons" title="Roman Catholic Diocese of Chlons">Chlons</a>, and <a "/kiwi/Stephen_du_Perche" title="Stephen du Perche">Stephen of Perche</a> (killed in 1205);<sup id="cite_ref-23" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-23">[23]</a></sup></li>
<li>Despite the royal status of the widow Countess Matilda, her uncle King John, around 1204, soon after death of the Count Geoffrey Rotrou of Perche in 1202 (Geoffrey had he not died would have taken part in the <a "/kiwi/Fourth_Crusade" title="Fourth Crusade">Fourth Crusade</a>,<sup id="cite_ref-24" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-24">[24]</a></sup> started to repossess and reassign the lands of the Perche in England. Dr. Kathleen Thompson says (2013): <i>However, the king went to some lengths to preserve the Rotrou family association with the lands. He guaranteed two pensions which Count Geoffrey had granted from the revenues of Newbury, ordering that <a "/kiwi/Simon_of_Pattishall" title="Simon of Pattishall">Simon of Pattishall</a> was to be reimbursed for their continued payment, and instructed Simon to honour Count Geoffrey's grant of a rent from the mill at Newbury to the canons of Sandleford</i>.<sup id="cite_ref-25" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-25">[25]</a></sup></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Canons_Regular" title="Canons Regular">Canons Regular</a>;</li>
</ul>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Elizabeth_de_Clare.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/5/5f/Elizabeth_de_Clare.jpg/220px-Elizabeth_de_Clare.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/5/5f/Elizabeth_de_Clare.jpg/330px-Elizabeth_de_Clare.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/5/5f/Elizabeth_de_Clare.jpg 2x" data-file-width="381" data-file-height="500" width="220" height="289"></a>
<div class="thumbcaption">
<div class="magnify"><a "/kiwi/File:Elizabeth_de_Clare.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>
Eliz. de Clare, Lady de Burgh, by John Faber Senior, after Unknown artist, mezzotint, 1714.</div>
</div>
</div>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Maud_de_Lacy,_Countess_of_Hertford_and_Gloucester" title="Maud de Lacy, Countess of Hertford and Gloucester">Maud de Clare</a>, (12231289), was daughter of <a "/kiwi/John_de_Lacy,_2nd_Earl_of_Lincoln" title="John de Lacy, 2nd Earl of Lincoln">John de Lacy, 2nd Earl of Lincoln</a>, and the wife of <a "/kiwi/Richard_de_Clare,_5th_Earl_of_Hertford" class="mw-redirect" title="Richard de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford">Richard de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford, 6th Earl of Gloucester</a>, conceived at Sandleford, with help of a Papal mandate dated 1274, an Augustinian convent for 40 nuns and for 10 priests of the order of <a "/kiwi/Fontevraud_Abbey" title="Fontevraud Abbey">Fontevraud Abbey</a>;<sup id="cite_ref-26" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-26">[26]</a></sup> Her husband was a grandson of <a "/kiwi/William_Marshal,_1st_Earl_of_Pembroke" title="William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke">William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke</a>. Her granddaughter, <a "/kiwi/Elizabeth_de_Clare" title="Elizabeth de Clare">Elizabeth de Clare</a>, founded <a "/kiwi/Clare_College,_Cambridge" title="Clare College, Cambridge">Clare College, Cambridge</a> in 1338.</li>
</ul>
<h4><span class="mw-headline" id="Other_typical_donors_to_the_priory">Other typical donors to the priory</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=9" title="Edit section: Other typical donors to the priory">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h4>
<ul>
<li>Between 12171223, a grant of money was made by Edelina de Broch (d.1220),<sup id="cite_ref-27" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-27">[27]</a></sup> widow,<sup id="cite_ref-28" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-28">[28]</a></sup> to the <b>Canons of the Church of Saint John the Baptist, Sandleford</b> of 40s. and 8d. from her inheritance in Frollebire [Frobury] for the maintenance of a <b>Canon Chantry Priest</b>, for the souls of herself, her father, Randulf de Broch [Broc] (died 1179 or 1187),<sup id="cite_ref-29" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-29">[29]</a></sup> and Damietta de Gorron (d.1204), the lady of Chetton, Eudon and Berwick (co. Salop), her mother, who brought lands at Frollebury (Frobury, <a "/kiwi/Kingsclere" title="Kingsclere">Kingsclere</a>) in Hampshire, and <a "/kiwi/Stephen_of_Thornham" title="Stephen of Thornham">Stephen de Turneham</a> (d.1214), her husband. Such money to be received from Henry de Wudecote, Walter de Clera, Hugh de Swantun, Joceus de Brikeull, William Furmentin of Spenes, Symon Cath, Wulfric de Marisco, Nicholas de Wullavintun, John Trull. Witnesses: Peter [de Rupibus], Bishop of Winchester, William Prior of Syreburn [Sherbourne], Dan Roger de Leburna, William de Stanes and William de Sorewull, Sheriff of the County of Southampton, Henry de Wudecott, Henry de Fernlehd, Thomas Croc, Roger Lanceleue, John de Hamtun, John de Wultun, Walter de Clera, William de Edmundesdrop, William Toli seneschel of the donor, Master Walter de Syreburne, Robert Fitzbernard of Hamtun, Richard, Clerk of Clera, Henry Blakemy, Wlater Clerk of the donor, Hugh de Swantun, Master Walter, Joceus de Brikeull, Bartholomew Crok, Richard Fitzruald, John his brother, Thomas the clerk.<sup id="cite_ref-30" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-30">[30]</a></sup>
<ul>
<li>This was confirmed by her daughter Beatrice de Fay (died before 1245),<sup id="cite_ref-31" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-31">[31]</a></sup> widow of Ralph de Fay, (she married secondly <a "/kiwi/Hugh_de_Neville" title="Hugh de Neville">Hugh de Neville</a> (died 1234) was the Chief Forester under the kings Richard I, John, and Henry III of England), to the <b>Church of Saint John the Baptist, Sandleford</b>, and the Canons, of rents etc, in Frollebire [Frobury], which Edelina de Broc, her mother gave them. Witnesses: William Prior of Sireburn [Sherbourne], Henry de Wodecot, Thomas Croc, Wlater de Clera, William de Edmundesthrop, John de Wltun, Richard de Quercu, John Lanceleuee, Bartholomew Croc, Richard Serviens, Auger Nepos of donor, John de Wodecot, Stephen de Hamtun. Her third husband Hugh de Plessetis (de Playz) had Beatrice <a "/kiwi/Excommunicated" class="mw-redirect" title="Excommunicated">excommunicated</a> circa 1241 because she would not divorce him.<sup id="cite_ref-32" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-32">[32]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-33" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-33">[33]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-34" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-34">[34]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-35" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-35">[35]</a></sup></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li>Grant [12161272] of corn by Thomas Croc [Croch] [dead by 1230] to the Canons of the Church of Saint John the Baptist, Sandelford [Sandleford] of three-quarters de meliori frumento [the better corn] annually in his town and manor of <a "/kiwi/Crux_Easton" title="Crux Easton">Estun</a> [Crux Easton].<sup id="cite_ref-36" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-36">[36]</a></sup> Witnesses: Sir Henry de Wodecote [ <a "/kiwi/Upper_Woodcott" title="Upper Woodcott">Woodcott</a> ], John Lanceleuee, Robert Lord de Vrleston, William de Edmundestrop, Richard de Quercu, Bartholomew Croc, Vrlestun, son of Ranuld de Vndecote and Richard Croc.<sup id="cite_ref-37" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-37">[37]</a></sup></li>
</ul>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="West_Ilsley">West Ilsley</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=10" title="Edit section: West Ilsley">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<ul>
<li>Grant [1150 or 1260] by William de Fiscampo [ <a "/kiwi/F%C3%A9camp" title="Fcamp">Fcamp</a> or Fecamp ] to the Church of Saint John the Baptist of Sandleford, of land in Wideheia [Woodhay or West Isley]-(one acre of corn for obleys at the alter, and for flour for the brethren serving God in the said Church). Witnesses: Dame Purnella his wife, Filip Croc, John the Chaplain, Geoffrey the Priest, William Bellet, Ralf Piione, Clement Riulfus, Richard Mainesac, Gilbert the Priest and Ralf the Priest.<sup id="cite_ref-38" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-38">[38]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-39" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-39">[39]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-40" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-40">[40]</a></sup></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Patent_Roll" class="mw-redirect" title="Patent Roll">Patent Roll</a>, 8 September, Windsor, 1313: Confirmation of the grant and release which Agnes daughter of Henry de Pontaudemer [Pont-Audemer] (a Royal bailiff, of the <a "/kiwi/House_of_Beaumont" title="House of Beaumont">House of Beaumont</a>) (died circa 1229),<sup id="cite_ref-41" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-41">[41]</a></sup> sometime the wife of Richard [de] Neirnut, made to the church of St. John the Baptist, Sandelford, and to the prior and canons of that place, of all her lands, rents, and tenements in the town of Westhildeslye (<a "/kiwi/West_Ilsley" title="West Ilsley">West Ilsley</a>) and of all her right in the <a "/kiwi/Advowson" title="Advowson">advowson</a> of the church of that place, and of a third part of the entire meadow which her father formerly held in the meadow of Sutton in Wolesham (<a "/kiwi/Worsham,_Oxfordshire" title="Worsham, Oxfordshire">Worsham?</a>), and of a third part of her entire rent in the town of <a "/kiwi/Wallingford,_Oxfordshire" title="Wallingford, Oxfordshire">Wallingford</a>; of the grant and release which Matilda de <a "/kiwi/Abingdon-on-Thames" title="Abingdon-on-Thames">Abyndon</a>, sometime the wife of Bartholomew de Thornton, made to that house of her entire right to the advowson of the church of All Saints, "Westhildesleye; of the grant and release which Miles de Bello Campo (<a "/kiwi/Roger_Beauchamp,_1st_Baron_Beauchamp_of_Bletso" title="Roger Beauchamp, 1st Baron Beauchamp of Bletso">Beauchamp</a>), knight, made to them of his right in the advowson of the said church of Westhildeslye; and of a grant and confirmation which William son of Warin de <a "/kiwi/Cherlton" class="mw-redirect" title="Cherlton">Cherlton</a> made to them of all his land and tenements in Westhildeslye, and which he held from them. By fine of 5 marks.<sup id="cite_ref-42" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-42">[42]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-43" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-43">[43]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-44" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-44">[44]</a></sup></li>
</ul>
<p>Further described in an Inspeximus, dated 12511256.</p>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Pennington,_Hampshire" title="Pennington, Hampshire">Peniton</a>. Inspeximus of grant. [12501256]: Inspeximus by Agnes Nernut [Neyrnoit or Nervett], Dame de Peniton [Pennington], widow, of the grant by Henry de Pontaudemer, her father, to the Prior and Canons of Sandelford [Sandleford] of a wychwurth of salt to be annually received in his town of Peniton. Witnesses to the confirmation: Sir Nicholas de Henreth, Sheriff of Berks, Sir Alan de Fernham, Sir Walter de Ripariis, Sir Peter de Etingedene, Sir William de Brutenoles, Kts, John Belet of Eneburne, Elias de Bagenore. Witnesses to the original grant are noted as being: Nigel de Boklonde, Ralf Fucher, Adam de Wereborn, Henry de Wodecote, Robert de Treget, Thomas Croc, John Launceleue.<sup id="cite_ref-45" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-45">[45]</a></sup></li>
<li>Inspeximus by Roger de Quency [Quincy], <a "/kiwi/Roger_de_Quincy,_2nd_Earl_of_Winchester" title="Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester">Earl of Winchester</a>, <a "/kiwi/Constable_of_Scotland" class="mw-redirect" title="Constable of Scotland">Constable of Scotland</a>, of the grant by Agnes Neyrnut, Dame of Penitune [Peniton], daughter of Henry de Ponte Audemer, widow of Sir Richard Neyrnut, to the Prior and Canons of the Church of Saint John the Baptist of Sandelford [Sandleford], of lands, rents etc, in Westhildesleg [West Ilsley], and also of the advowson of the Church of the same place; and also of lands in Sutton, in Wolesham, and in Walingeford [Wallingford] for the maintenance of a Canon for the souls of herself, her husband, her father, and Matilda, her mother, and of William, her son, at a rental of one penny to herself. Witnesses to the original grant: Sir Nicholas de Henreth, Sheriff of Bercsyre [Berkshire], Sir Alan de Fernham, Sir Walter de Ripariis, Sir Peter de Etingedene, Sir William de Brutenoles, Kts, John Belet of Eneburne, Elias de Bagenore. Witnesses to inspeximus and confirmation: Sir Robert de Quency his brother, Ernaldus de Bosco, William de Bosco, Saher de St Andrews, Peter le Poter, Vrienus de St Peter, Alan de Farnham, Walter de Ripariis, Peter de Hetingdno, Richard de Henreth, Knights, Elias de Bagenore, Geoffrey de Wancy, John de Bruer, Robert de Turberuile, Henry de la Beche.<sup id="cite_ref-46" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-46">[46]</a></sup></li>
</ul>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Priory.27s_main_holdings_in_1291">Priory's main holdings in 1291</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=11" title="Edit section: Priory's main holdings in 1291">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<p>The taxation roll of <a "/kiwi/Pope_Nicholas_IV" title="Pope Nicholas IV">Pope Nicholas IV</a> in 1291 names <a "/kiwi/Temporalities" title="Temporalities">temporalities</a> (secular properties and possessions) that the prior of Sandleford held, which were worth (per annum):</p>
<ul>
<li>2 8s. 8d. at Newbury;<sup id="cite_ref-47" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-47">[47]</a></sup></li>
<li>1 15s. at Enborne;</li>
<li>1 6s. at West Ilsley; and</li>
<li>10s. at Aldworth.<sup id="cite_ref-48" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-48">[48]</a></sup></li>
</ul>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Kingsclere_Woodlands">Kingsclere Woodlands</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=12" title="Edit section: Kingsclere Woodlands">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<p>In 1312 Prior Thomas de Sandleford obtained a licence for alienation in <a "/kiwi/Mortmain" title="Mortmain">mortmain</a> to this convent of a <a "/kiwi/Messuage" class="mw-redirect" title="Messuage">messuage</a>, 20 acres of land, and 2 acres of meadow in 'Clere Wodelond,' by <a "/kiwi/Kingsclere" title="Kingsclere">Kingsclere</a>, Hampshire.<sup id="cite_ref-49" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-49">[49]</a></sup></p>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Priors_of_Sandleford">Priors of Sandleford</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=13" title="Edit section: Priors of Sandleford">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<ul>
<li>Walter, occurs (presented or elected) July 1222;<sup id="cite_ref-50" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-50">[50]</a></sup></li>
<li>John, occurs circa 1230-1240;</li>
<li>Gervase, occurs 1255;</li>
<li>Stephen, occurs 1256-1262;</li>
<li>Robert de Winchester (Wynton or Winton), elected or there 1301;</li>
<li>Thomas de Sandleford, occurs 1311, 1330;</li>
<li>William de Wynton (Winchester), resigned 1334;</li>
<li>Robert [Gilbert], 1334, and occurs 27 January 1336/7;</li>
<li>John, occurs 2 February 1354/55;</li>
<li>John, occurs 11 February 1383/84;</li>
<li>Richard Stanford, elected 1403;</li>
<li>Hugh Warham, elected 1406, a kinsman of <a "/kiwi/William_Warham" title="William Warham">William Warham</a> (c.14501532);</li>
<li>Symon Dam, deposed 1439/1440;</li>
<li>William Costyn, elected 1448, formerly a canon of <a "/kiwi/Bisham_Abbey" title="Bisham Abbey">Bisham Abbey</a>;</li>
<li>William Westbury, occurs 1457.<sup id="cite_ref-51" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-51">[51]</a></sup> First <a "/kiwi/List_of_head_masters_of_Eton_College" class="mw-redirect" title="List of head masters of Eton College">headmaster</a> of <a "/kiwi/Eton_College" title="Eton College">Eton College</a> 14421447, and then its fourth <a "/kiwi/List_of_Provosts_of_Eton_College" title="List of Provosts of Eton College">Provost</a> 14471477. Provost Westbury saved Eton from amalgamation with St. George's Chapel, Windsor.<sup id="cite_ref-52" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-52">[52]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-53" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-53">[53]</a></sup></li>
</ul>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Robin_Hood">Robin Hood</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=14" title="Edit section: Robin Hood">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Robin_Hood" title="Robin Hood">Robin Hood</a>, William Robehod, and or aka Robert le Fevre,<sup id="cite_ref-54" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-54">[54]</a></sup> from <a "/kiwi/Enborne" title="Enborne">Enborne</a> in Berkshire. Hood was indicted for various things, 126162, took flight, outlawed, and his chattels taken without warrant by the prior of Sandleford. Easter 1262 the prior was excused a fine by the king for having confiscated Hood's chattels.</li>
</ul>
<p>One of the <a "/kiwi/Henry_III_of_England" title="Henry III of England">Henry III</a> rolls of Easter 1262, reads:</p>
<dl>
<dd><i>Rex mandavit baronibus de scaccario per breve quod perdonavit priori de Sandelford' j marcam as quam amerciatus fuit coram <a "/kiwi/Gilbert_of_Preston" title="Gilbert of Preston">Gilbert de Preston'</a> et sociis suis justicariis ultimo itinerantibus in Comitatu Berk' pro eo quod idem prior seisivit sine waranto catalla Willelmi Robehod' fugitivi, et ideo quod ipsum inde quietus esse faciant</i>.<sup id="cite_ref-55" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-55">[55]</a></sup></dd>
</dl>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Richard_Beauchamp">Richard Beauchamp</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=15" title="Edit section: Richard Beauchamp">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
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<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Salisburycathedralrichardbeauchamptomb.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/5/57/Salisburycathedralrichardbeauchamptomb.jpg/220px-Salisburycathedralrichardbeauchamptomb.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/5/57/Salisburycathedralrichardbeauchamptomb.jpg/330px-Salisburycathedralrichardbeauchamptomb.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/5/57/Salisburycathedralrichardbeauchamptomb.jpg/440px-Salisburycathedralrichardbeauchamptomb.jpg 2x" data-file-width="3888" data-file-height="2592" width="220" height="147"></a>
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Tomb of Richard Beauchamp.</div>
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</div>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Richard_Beauchamp_(bishop)" title="Richard Beauchamp (bishop)">Richard Beauchamp (died 1481)</a>,<sup id="cite_ref-56" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-56">[56]</a></sup> Bishop of Salisbury (14501481) and Dean of Windsor (147881), first <a "/kiwi/Chancellor_of_the_Order_of_the_Garter" title="Chancellor of the Order of the Garter">Chancellor of the Order of the Garter</a>. He gave, in co-ordination with Kind Edward IV, the by then abandoned, in religious terms, priory to the Dean and Canons of Windsor, on 9 March 1478;</li>
</ul>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Dean_and_Canons_of_Windsor">Dean and Canons of Windsor</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=16" title="Edit section: Dean and Canons of Windsor">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
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<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a "/kiwi/File:RogerLupton_Died1540_MonumentalBrass_EtonCollege.png" class=""><img alt="" "
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A canon of Windsor, Roger Lupton (died 1540). (Monumental brass at Eton College).</div>
</div>
</div>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Dean_and_Canons_of_Windsor" title="Dean and Canons of Windsor">Dean and Canons of Windsor</a>, aka, <i>the Dean and Canons of the King's free chapel of St. George the Martyr within his castle at Windsor</i>. Freeholders of Sandleford from 14781875;</li>
</ul>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Dr._John_Burgess">Dr. John Burgess</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=17" title="Edit section: Dr. John Burgess">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<p>A draft lease of the site of Sandleford Priory dated 30 September 1543 reads: <i>Draft for a lease from <a "/kiwi/William_Franklyn_(priest)" title="William Franklyn (priest)">William Frankeleyn</a>, Dean, and the Canons of Windsor, to John Burges, of London, Doctor in Physick, of their place of Sandylford [Sandleford], in the County of Berks, for forty years at a rental of 10.</i><sup id="cite_ref-57" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-57">[57]</a></sup> A later <a "/kiwi/Muniment" title="Muniment">muniment</a>, 'Estimate of farm' was entitled: <i>View or estimate of the farm of the priory of Sandylford [Sandleford], and of the free Chapel and Chantry there, with a declaration of the grant of the Dean and Canons of the King's free Chapel of Windsor lately made to John Burges, doctor in phisic, etc.</i><sup id="cite_ref-58" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-58">[58]</a></sup> Burgess who died in 1550, had an AM Oxon (15301), MB (15334), MD,<sup id="cite_ref-59" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-59">[59]</a></sup> and was admitted a Fellow of the <a "/kiwi/Royal_College_of_Physicians" title="Royal College of Physicians">Royal College of Physicians</a> (FRCP) in 1536, was elected Censor and Elect, 1543; Consiliarius, 1544, 1545, 1546; and President, 1547. <a "/kiwi/William_Munk" title="William Munk">William Munk</a> says that <i>'Dr. Burgess was dead on 30 March 1550, when his place of Elect was filled by the appointment of <a "/kiwi/John_Caius" title="John Caius">Dr. Caius</a>'</i> .<sup id="cite_ref-60" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-60">[60]</a></sup></p>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Thomas_Hide_or_Hyde">Thomas Hide or Hyde</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=18" title="Edit section: Thomas Hide or Hyde">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<p>A lease dated 11 October 1560 of the site of Sandleford Priory was named: <i>Lease to Thomas Hide of Hurst, in the County of Barks, gentleman, for 6 years for 15, all the scite of the pryarye of Sandylforde [Sandleford] near unto Newberye [Newbury], in the County of Barks.</i>, signed Thomas Hyde.<sup id="cite_ref-61" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-61">[61]</a></sup> A later Thomas Hide (Hyde) of <a "/kiwi/Hurst,_Berkshire" title="Hurst, Berkshire">Hurst, Berkshire</a> (died 1652), was son of William Hyde (c.151767), MP, and grandson of <a "/kiwi/William_Hyde_(high_sheriff)" title="William Hyde (high sheriff)">William Hyde (high sheriff)</a> of the family <a "/kiwi/Hyde_Family_of_Denchworth" title="Hyde Family of Denchworth">Hide of Dentchworth</a>.</p>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Sir_Francis_Moore">Sir Francis Moore</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=19" title="Edit section: Sir Francis Moore">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
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<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Sir_Francis_Moore_(1599-1621),_line_engraving_by_William_Faithorne,_published_in_1663.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Sir_Francis_Moore_%281599-1621%29%2C_line_engraving_by_William_Faithorne%2C_published_in_1663.jpg/220px-Sir_Francis_Moore_%281599-1621%29%2C_line_engraving_by_William_Faithorne%2C_published_in_1663.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Sir_Francis_Moore_%281599-1621%29%2C_line_engraving_by_William_Faithorne%2C_published_in_1663.jpg/330px-Sir_Francis_Moore_%281599-1621%29%2C_line_engraving_by_William_Faithorne%2C_published_in_1663.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Sir_Francis_Moore_%281599-1621%29%2C_line_engraving_by_William_Faithorne%2C_published_in_1663.jpg/440px-Sir_Francis_Moore_%281599-1621%29%2C_line_engraving_by_William_Faithorne%2C_published_in_1663.jpg 2x" data-file-width="537" data-file-height="800" width="220" height="328"></a>
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Sir Francis Moore (15991621), line engraving by William Faithorne, published in 1663.</div>
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</div>
<ul>
<li>Sir <a "/kiwi/Francis_Moore_(barrister)" title="Francis Moore (barrister)">Francis Moore</a>, (15591621), Kt., of <a "/kiwi/South_Fawley" title="South Fawley">South Fawley</a>, the barrister (see above, the man who secured Sandleford's independence from Newbury in 1615), MP (for Reading), JP, High Steward of Newbury 1619, and solicitor (1585-c.1608) to the Wizard Earl <a "/kiwi/Henry_Percy,_9th_Earl_of_Northumberland" title="Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland">Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland</a>,<sup id="cite_ref-62" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-62">[62]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-63" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-63">[63]</a></sup> JP, High Steward of Newbury 1619-death, took the leases of Sandleford, dated 3 November 1610,<sup id="cite_ref-64" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-64">[64]</a></sup> dated 20 April 1612,<sup id="cite_ref-65" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-65">[65]</a></sup> and 24 May 1615,<sup id="cite_ref-66" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-66">[66]</a></sup></li>
<li>A 1622 lease named William Moore, son of Sir Francis, as the tenant;</li>
<li>Lease dated, 15 March 1624: <a "/kiwi/Moore_baronets" title="Moore baronets">Sir Henry Moore</a>, of <a "/kiwi/South_Fawley" title="South Fawley">South Fawley</a>, Bt., bought a baronetcy in 1626; son of Sir Francis;</li>
</ul>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Commonwealth_and_Protectorate">Commonwealth and Protectorate</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=20" title="Edit section: Commonwealth and Protectorate">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<p>In October 1642, Colonel <a "/kiwi/John_Venn_(politician)" title="John Venn (politician)">John Venn</a> and twelve companies of foot soldiers took possession of Windsor Castle on behalf of Parliament, and soon after 23 May 1643 the Dean (<a "/kiwi/Christopher_Wren_(priest)" title="Christopher Wren (priest)">Dr. Christopher Wren</a>) and Canons left. On 17 October 1650 Sandleford and the estates that had come to the Dean and Canons of Windsor via Sandleford would have been included in an <i>Act for sale of the Manors of Rectories and Glebelands late belonging to the late Archbishops, bishops, Deans, Deans and Chapters</i> was passed, and in an <i>Additional Act for more speedy effecting the sale of the Manors of Rectories and Glebe-lands late belonging to Archbishops, Bishops, Deans, Deans and Chapters, and other Officers and Titles which late were of or belonging to any Cathedral or Collegiate Church or Chapel in England or Wales; and for the encouragement of lenders upon the security thereof; and of other Lands and Hereditaments of the said Deans, Deans and Chapters,</i> etc. which was added on 22 October 1650.<sup id="cite_ref-67" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-67">[67]</a></sup></p>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Alexander_and_Thomas_Staples">Alexander and Thomas Staples</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=21" title="Edit section: Alexander and Thomas Staples">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<p>A quitclaim dated 20 May 1662 states: <i>Alexander Staples of the Middle Temple and Thomas Staples of the same for 200 paid by the Dean and Canons renounce and give a quittance of all their rights in Sandleford Priory.</i> <i>The scite of Sandelford Priory was by the trustees appointed by act of Parliament, 20 June 1651, sold to Thomas Bales of the Middle Temple, and he 25 February sold the same to Alexander Staples, and he settled it on Thomas Staples and his heirs.</i><sup id="cite_ref-68" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-68">[68]</a></sup></p>
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<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Alexander_Staples_Tomb.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/4/4b/Alexander_Staples_Tomb.jpg/220px-Alexander_Staples_Tomb.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/4/4b/Alexander_Staples_Tomb.jpg/330px-Alexander_Staples_Tomb.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/4/4b/Alexander_Staples_Tomb.jpg/440px-Alexander_Staples_Tomb.jpg 2x" data-file-width="750" data-file-height="553" width="220" height="162"></a>
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Rubbing of the Brass tomb plate of Alexander Staples of Yate Court (d. 1590), showing with his many siblings his son Alexander.</div>
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<p>Alexander Staples, son of Alexander Staples of <a "/kiwi/Yate" title="Yate">Yate</a> Court, Gloucestershire, (died 1590) by his second wife Elizabeth, was Mayor of Nottingham in 1629, and heir of the bulk of his estate of his 'kinsman' Alderman Robert Staples (died 1632),<sup id="cite_ref-69" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-69">[69]</a></sup> of Nottingham and <a "/kiwi/Mapperley" title="Mapperley">Mapperley</a>, <a "/kiwi/Cordwainer" title="Cordwainer">cordwainer</a>, Freeman of Nottingham, MP for Nottingham in 1615, and Lord Mayor of Nottingham in 1601, 1608, 1615 and 1622.<sup id="cite_ref-70" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-70">[70]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-71" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-71">[71]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-72" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-72">[72]</a></sup> Alexander Staples' youngest brother is presumed to have been <a "/kiwi/Staples_baronets" title="Staples baronets">Sir Thomas Staples, 1st Baronet (died 1653)</a>, of <a "/kiwi/Lissan_House" title="Lissan House">Lissan House</a>, admitted to Middle Temple on 27 May 1606 and who left Bristol for Ulster c.1610.</p>
<p>Thomas Staples of Maidenhead,<sup id="cite_ref-73" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-73">[73]</a></sup> was named as the Steward of Windsor Court in the case of Vasper &amp; wife v [James] East, 1685.<sup id="cite_ref-74" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-74">[74]</a></sup> One of the judges was <a "/kiwi/George_Jeffreys,_1st_Baron_Jeffreys" title="George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys">George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys</a> and at the time <a "/kiwi/Henry_Howard,_7th_Duke_of_Norfolk" title="Henry Howard, 7th Duke of Norfolk">Henry, Earl of Arundel &amp; Lord Mowbray</a> was Constable of Windsor Castle.</p>
<p>By January 1689/90 however, Thomas Staples was proving to make the Oath to the new King. The House of Lords Journal, Volume 14, for 22 January 1689 reports that: <i>Staples, Steward of Windsor, sent for, for refusing to give the Oaths. Upon Information given to this House, 'That Mr. Thomas Staples, Steward of Windsor Forrest, hath refused to give the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy and the Test to Mr. Charles Cleve Master of the Hospital of Oakingham, and Mr. William Walker Vicar of Sunning: It is thereupon ORDERED, by the Lords Spiritual and Temporal assembled at Westminster, That the said Thomas Staples be, and is hereby, required to attend this House on Friday next, being the 25th Day of this Instant January, at Ten of the Clock in the Forenoon, as he will answer the contrary to this House at his Peril.'</i></p>
<p>And on 'DIE Veneris, 25 die Januarii.' <i>Staple's Examination about refusing to tender the Oaths deferred. The House being moved, 'That Mr. Thomas Staples, Steward of Windsor Court, who, by Order of the 22th [</i><a "/kiwi/Sic" title="Sic">sic</a><i>] Instant, was to appear this Day, attended at the Door; but not being able to get his Witnesses ready against this Day, might have longer Time given him for that Purpose:' It is ORDERED, by the Lords Spiritual and Temporal assembled at Westm. That the said Thomas Staples be, and is hereby, required to attend this House on Friday the 8th Day of February next, at Ten of the Clock in the Forenoon.<sup id="cite_ref-75" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-75">[75]</a></sup></i></p>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Kingsmill_family">Kingsmill family</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=22" title="Edit section: Kingsmill family">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
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<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a "/kiwi/File:1877_plan_of_First_Battle_of_Newbury_from_Walter_Money%27s_%27The_First_and_Second_Battles_of_Newbury_and_the_Siege_of_Donnington_Castle_During_the_Civil_War,_A._D._1643-6%27,_1881.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/8/8e/1877_plan_of_First_Battle_of_Newbury_from_Walter_Money%27s_%27The_First_and_Second_Battles_of_Newbury_and_the_Siege_of_Donnington_Castle_During_the_Civil_War%2C_A._D._1643-6%27%2C_1881.jpg/220px-thumbnail.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/8/8e/1877_plan_of_First_Battle_of_Newbury_from_Walter_Money%27s_%27The_First_and_Second_Battles_of_Newbury_and_the_Siege_of_Donnington_Castle_During_the_Civil_War%2C_A._D._1643-6%27%2C_1881.jpg/330px-thumbnail.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/8/8e/1877_plan_of_First_Battle_of_Newbury_from_Walter_Money%27s_%27The_First_and_Second_Battles_of_Newbury_and_the_Siege_of_Donnington_Castle_During_the_Civil_War%2C_A._D._1643-6%27%2C_1881.jpg/440px-thumbnail.jpg 2x" data-file-width="11979" data-file-height="9206" width="220" height="169"></a>
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<div class="magnify"><a "/kiwi/File:1877_plan_of_First_Battle_of_Newbury_from_Walter_Money%27s_%27The_First_and_Second_Battles_of_Newbury_and_the_Siege_of_Donnington_Castle_During_the_Civil_War,_A._D._1643-6%27,_1881.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>
Plan of First Battle of Newbury, September 1643 (1877).</div>
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<p>Three generations of the Kingsmill family of <a "/kiwi/Sydmonton" title="Sydmonton">Sydmonton</a> leased Sandleford between 1626 and circa 1715. Bridget Colt, Margaret Woodward (Lady Woodard [sic] seem to have been the lessee between Sir Henry Colt and Humphrey Forster), and Anne Forster, three of the seven daughters of Sir William Kingsmill, kt, (died 1618), by his wife Ann Wilkes, were followed by their nephew John, and then finally his son Henry.<sup id="cite_ref-76" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-76">[76]</a></sup></p>
<ul>
<li>Lease dated, 20 November 1626: Sir Henry Colt (died 1635), of Colts hall or Greys in <a "/kiwi/Cavendish,_Suffolk" title="Cavendish, Suffolk">Cavendish, Suffolk</a>; married (1614) Bridget, fifth daughter of Sir William Kingsmill (died 1618), knighted (May 1603),<sup id="cite_ref-77" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-77">[77]</a></sup> of nearby <a "/kiwi/Sydmonton" title="Sydmonton">Sydmonton</a> Court, Hampshire, where on 18 and 19 August 1603 Sir William entertained King James and his Queen;<sup id="cite_ref-78" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-78">[78]</a></sup></li>
<li>By 3 October 1628, the tenant was Sir John Woodward (died 1659) of <a "/kiwi/Weston-sub-Edge" title="Weston-sub-Edge">Weston-sub-Edge</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-79" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-79">[79]</a></sup> His wife, Lady Woodward, aka Margaret Kingsmill (baptised 30 August 1598 died 1664), was the third daughter of Sir William Kingsmill, Kt., by Anna Wilks).</li>
<li>Before 1668, Sir <a "/kiwi/Forster_baronets" title="Forster baronets">Humphrey Forster</a> (died 1663), of <a "/kiwi/Aldermaston_Court" title="Aldermaston Court">Aldermaston Court</a>, <a "/kiwi/Aldermaston" title="Aldermaston">Aldermaston</a>, sheriff of Berkshire 161920; created a baronet in 1620; married (circa 1615/16) Anne (died 1673), eldest daughter of Sir William Kingsmill, kt. (died 1618) of Sydmonton by Anna Wilks;<sup id="cite_ref-80" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-80">[80]</a></sup></li>
<li>Lease dated, 6 May 1668:<sup id="cite_ref-81" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-81">[81]</a></sup> John Kingsmill, JP (Newbury, 1685), (died 1687), educated <a "/kiwi/Trinity_College,_Oxford" title="Trinity College, Oxford">Trinity College, Oxford</a>, the third son of Sir Henry Kingsmill (1587-1624/5), kt. (1610), of <a "/kiwi/Sydmonton" title="Sydmonton">Sydmonton</a>, by Bridget White (d.1672), of <a "/kiwi/Southwick,_Hampshire" title="Southwick, Hampshire">Southwick</a>. They married 20 December 1610. His mother was for over a decade a close friend of the poet <a "/kiwi/John_Donne" title="John Donne">John Donne</a> (15721631), and John thus may have been named after the poet.<sup id="cite_ref-82" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-82">[82]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-83" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-83">[83]</a></sup></li>
</ul>
<dl>
<dd>John Kingsmill was husband to Rachael Pitt (died 1690), the second daughter of <a "/kiwi/Edward_Pitt" title="Edward Pitt">Edward Pitt</a> the eldest son of <a "/kiwi/William_Pitt_(courtier)" title="William Pitt (courtier)">Sir William Pitt</a> (15591636), MP, kt. 1618, <a "/kiwi/Comptroller_of_the_Household" title="Comptroller of the Household">Comptroller of the Household</a>. Edward Pitt (15921643), MP (Poole), of Steepleton Iwerne, near <a "/kiwi/Blandford_Forum" title="Blandford Forum">Blandford Forum</a>, Dorset and later of <a "/kiwi/Stratfield_Saye" title="Stratfield Saye">Stratfield Saye</a>, Hampshire, which he bought for 4,800 in 1629, had married Rachael (d. 1643) daughter of <a "/kiwi/Sir_George_Morton,_1st_Baronet" title="Sir George Morton, 1st Baronet">Sir George Morton, Bart.</a> in 1620.<sup id="cite_ref-84" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-84">[84]</a></sup></dd>
</dl>
<dl>
<dd>Their sons (baptised in 1668 and 1670) Robert and Henry Kingsmill died without issue in 1697 and between 9 July 1715 and 4 June 1717,<sup id="cite_ref-85" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-85">[85]</a></sup> not before Henry Kingsmill <i>of Sandleford</i> was <a "/kiwi/High_Sheriff_of_Berkshire" title="High Sheriff of Berkshire">High Sheriff of Berkshire</a> in 17061707.<sup id="cite_ref-86" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-86">[86]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-87" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-87">[87]</a></sup><a "/kiwi/George_Pitt_(died_1694)" title="George Pitt (died 1694)">George Pitt</a> the brother of Rachel Pitt, Mrs John Kingsmill, married Jane, the daughter of <a "/kiwi/John_Savage,_2nd_Earl_Rivers" title="John Savage, 2nd Earl Rivers">John Savage, 2nd Earl Rivers</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-88" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-88">[88]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-89" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-89">[89]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-90" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-90">[90]</a></sup> John Kingsmill's sister Bridget (1622-c.1700) was wife to <a "/kiwi/Baron_Gorges_of_Dundalk" title="Baron Gorges of Dundalk">Richard Gorges</a> (c.16191712), Lord Gorges of Dundalk, MP for Newton (1661), of Stetchworth, Cambridgeshire.<sup id="cite_ref-91" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-91">[91]</a></sup></dd>
</dl>
<dl>
<dd>Meanwhile, the poet and <a "/kiwi/Maid_of_Honor" class="mw-redirect" title="Maid of Honor">Maid of Honor</a> to Queen Mary, <a "/kiwi/Anne_Finch,_Countess_of_Winchilsea" title="Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea">Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea</a>, (16611720), daughter of Sir William Kingsmill, kt., (16131661) of <a "/kiwi/Sydmonton" title="Sydmonton">Sydmonton</a> Court, was one of John Kingsmill's nieces and a first cousin of his sons Robert and Henry;</dd>
</dl>
<ul>
<li>In the early eighteenth century the <a "/kiwi/Baron_Rivers" title="Baron Rivers">Pitt</a> family of <a "/kiwi/Stratfield_Saye_House" title="Stratfield Saye House">Strathfield-Saye</a> were thought by the Lysons and Emily Climenson to have been lessees,<sup id="cite_ref-92" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-92">[92]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-93" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-93">[93]</a></sup> possibly during the minority of the sons of Rachel Pitt (died 1690), aka Mrs John Kingsmill.<sup id="cite_ref-94" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-94">[94]</a></sup></li>
</ul>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="William_Cradock">William Cradock</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=23" title="Edit section: William Cradock">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<ul>
<li>William Cradock (died 1736) of <a "/kiwi/Gilling" title="Gilling">Gilling</a>, <a "/kiwi/Hartforth" title="Hartforth">Hartforth</a> (from 1730) and <a "/kiwi/Gainford_Hall" title="Gainford Hall">Gainford Hall</a>, <a "/kiwi/Gainford,_County_Durham" title="Gainford, County Durham">Gainford, County Durham</a>. In 1715 he married Mary daughter of Gilbert Sheldon, of St Andrew's, Holborn. Their daughter Mary married Gilbert Jodrell (died 1745), and in turn their daughter Sarah married <a "/kiwi/Robert_Child_(Wells_MP)" title="Robert Child (Wells MP)">Robert Child</a> of <a "/kiwi/Osterley_Park" title="Osterley Park">Osterley Park</a>;<sup id="cite_ref-95" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-95">[95]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-96" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-96">[96]</a></sup></li>
</ul>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Montagu_family_and_associates">Montagu family and associates</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=24" title="Edit section: Montagu family and associates">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Memorial_to_Edward_%26_Elizabeth_Montagu,_North_Aisle,_Winchester_Cathedral.JPG" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/0/0b/Memorial_to_Edward_%26_Elizabeth_Montagu%2C_North_Aisle%2C_Winchester_Cathedral.JPG/220px-Memorial_to_Edward_%26_Elizabeth_Montagu%2C_North_Aisle%2C_Winchester_Cathedral.JPG" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/0/0b/Memorial_to_Edward_%26_Elizabeth_Montagu%2C_North_Aisle%2C_Winchester_Cathedral.JPG/330px-Memorial_to_Edward_%26_Elizabeth_Montagu%2C_North_Aisle%2C_Winchester_Cathedral.JPG 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/0/0b/Memorial_to_Edward_%26_Elizabeth_Montagu%2C_North_Aisle%2C_Winchester_Cathedral.JPG/440px-Memorial_to_Edward_%26_Elizabeth_Montagu%2C_North_Aisle%2C_Winchester_Cathedral.JPG 2x" data-file-width="3000" data-file-height="4000" width="220" height="293"></a>
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<div class="magnify"><a "/kiwi/File:Memorial_to_Edward_%26_Elizabeth_Montagu,_North_Aisle,_Winchester_Cathedral.JPG" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>
Memorial to <a "/kiwi/Edward_Montagu_(1692%E2%80%931776)" title="Edward Montagu (16921776)">Edward</a> and <a "/kiwi/Elizabeth_Montagu" title="Elizabeth Montagu">Elizabeth Montagu</a>, and their son John (<i>Punch</i>), north aisle, Winchester Cathedral.</div>
</div>
</div>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Edward_Montagu_(1692%E2%80%931776)" title="Edward Montagu (16921776)">Edward Montagu</a>,<sup id="cite_ref-97" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-97">[97]</a></sup> FRS (elected 1745), of <a "/kiwi/Allerthorpe" title="Allerthorpe">Allerthorpe</a>, Yorkshire, a distinguished mathematician, was MP for <a "/kiwi/Huntingdon" title="Huntingdon">Huntingdon</a> 17341768, son of the Hon. Charles Montagu (c. 16581721), MP for Durham, and grandson of <a "/kiwi/Edward_Montagu,_1st_Earl_of_Sandwich" title="Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich">Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-98" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-98">[98]</a></sup> He inherited in 1758, on the death of his <i>lunatic</i> first cousin, John Rogers (16851758), the coal-mines of the Denton Hall estate, <a "/kiwi/East_Denton" title="East Denton">East Denton</a>, Newcastle, Northumberland, which had been bought by their grandfather in 1689 and 1705;<sup id="cite_ref-99" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-99">[99]</a></sup> he was the leaseholder of the Sandleford estate from 1730. Sandleford had been in possession of the first cousin (Rachael Pitt, Mrs. John Kingsmill, of Sandleford) of his first cousin, Sir <a "/kiwi/Edward_Wortley_Montagu_(diplomat)" title="Edward Wortley Montagu (diplomat)">Edward Wortley-Montagu</a> (1678 1761), the father of <a "/kiwi/Lady_Mary_Wortley_Montagu" title="Lady Mary Wortley Montagu">Lady Mary Wortley Montagu</a>. Sandleford belonged to the <a "/kiwi/Dean_and_Canons_of_Windsor" title="Dean and Canons of Windsor">Dean and Canons of Windsor</a>, <a "/kiwi/Robert_Freind" title="Robert Freind">Robert Freind</a> (16671751), a Canon of Windsor, the <i>Canon of the Second Stall</i>, from 29 April 1729 to 1737, was father of <a "/kiwi/William_Freind" title="William Freind">William Freind</a> (c.17151766) whose wife Grace Robinson (17181766) was sister and co-heir of Edward's wife's cousin, <a "/kiwi/Richard_Robinson,_1st_Baron_Rokeby" title="Richard Robinson, 1st Baron Rokeby">Richard Robinson, 1st Baron Rokeby</a>. Meanwhile, Sir <a "/kiwi/Sidney_Meadows" title="Sidney Meadows">Sidney Meadows</a> (17011792), Kt., MP, of <a "/kiwi/Conholt" title="Conholt">Conholt</a>, <a "/kiwi/Chute,_Wiltshire" title="Chute, Wiltshire">Chute, Andover</a>, was a brother-in-law having married his sister Jemima in 1742;<sup id="cite_ref-100" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-100">[100]</a></sup></li>
</ul>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:172px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Elizabeth_Montagu_by_Wilson_Lowry_(1762-1824)_engraving_published_April_1787.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/9/9e/Elizabeth_Montagu_by_Wilson_Lowry_%281762-1824%29_engraving_published_April_1787.jpg/170px-Elizabeth_Montagu_by_Wilson_Lowry_%281762-1824%29_engraving_published_April_1787.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/9/9e/Elizabeth_Montagu_by_Wilson_Lowry_%281762-1824%29_engraving_published_April_1787.jpg/255px-Elizabeth_Montagu_by_Wilson_Lowry_%281762-1824%29_engraving_published_April_1787.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/9/9e/Elizabeth_Montagu_by_Wilson_Lowry_%281762-1824%29_engraving_published_April_1787.jpg/340px-Elizabeth_Montagu_by_Wilson_Lowry_%281762-1824%29_engraving_published_April_1787.jpg 2x" data-file-width="479" data-file-height="800" width="170" height="284"></a>
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<a "/kiwi/Elizabeth_Montagu" title="Elizabeth Montagu">Elizabeth Montagu</a> by <a "/kiwi/Wilson_Lowry" title="Wilson Lowry">Wilson Lowry</a> (17621824) engraving published London, April 1787.</div>
</div>
</div>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Elizabeth_Montagu" title="Elizabeth Montagu">Mrs. Montagu</a> (from 5 August 1742), aka <a "/kiwi/Elizabeth_Montagu" title="Elizabeth Montagu">Elizabeth Robinson</a>, the <a "/kiwi/Blue_Stockings_Society" title="Blue Stockings Society">blue-stocking</a>, Edward Montagu's wife and then widow. Sister of <a "/kiwi/Matthew_Robinson,_2nd_Baron_Rokeby" title="Matthew Robinson, 2nd Baron Rokeby">Matthew (Matt) Robinson</a>, FRS (elected 1746), MP (for Canterbury 17471761), <a "/kiwi/Sarah_Scott" title="Sarah Scott">Sarah Scott</a> (17201795), <a "/kiwi/Charles_Robinson_(MP)" title="Charles Robinson (MP)">Charles</a>,<sup id="cite_ref-101" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-101">[101]</a></sup> MP (for Canterbury 17801790) and Rev. William Robinson (17271803) who was rector of Denton, 17641785, and of nearby <a "/kiwi/Burghfield" title="Burghfield">Burghfield</a>, 17671800, when succeeded by his son Rev. Matthew Robinson (died 1827).<sup id="cite_ref-102" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-102">[102]</a></sup> <a "/kiwi/Sir_Thomas_Robinson,_1st_Baronet" title="Sir Thomas Robinson, 1st Baronet">Sir Thomas Robinson, 1st Baronet</a> was a kinsman. Rev. <a "/kiwi/Laurence_Sterne" title="Laurence Sterne">Laurence Sterne</a> (17131768) married one of her first cousins. Her heir was her nephew, <a "/kiwi/Matthew_Montagu,_4th_Baron_Rokeby" title="Matthew Montagu, 4th Baron Rokeby">Matthew Montagu</a>, FRS, MP, who succeeded to her estates in Yorkshire and Northumberland, and to Sandleford, in 1800, though he had already been living with her and there for years;<sup id="cite_ref-103" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-103">[103]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-104" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-104">[104]</a></sup></li>
</ul>
<p>In a letter to one of her brothers,<sup id="cite_ref-105" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-105">[105]</a></sup> dated Sandleford, 9 June 1777, Mrs Montagu wrote about her agricultural relationship with Sandleford.<sup id="cite_ref-106" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-106">[106]</a></sup></p>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Robert_Adam" title="Robert Adam">Robert Adam</a>, employed by Mrs Montagu in 1765 at Sandleford;</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Hannah_More" title="Hannah More">Hannah More</a> (17451833), friend of Mrs. Montagu;</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Elizabeth_Vesey" title="Elizabeth Vesey">Elizabeth Vesey</a> (17151791), friend and adviser of Mrs. Montagu;</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Margaret_Bentinck,_Duchess_of_Portland" title="Margaret Bentinck, Duchess of Portland">Margaret Bentinck, Duchess of Portland</a> (17151785), of <a "/kiwi/Bulstrode_Park" title="Bulstrode Park">Bulstrode Park</a>, friend of Mrs. Montagu;</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/William_Pulteney,_1st_Earl_of_Bath" title="William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath">William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath</a>;</li>
<li>Dr. Beattie, (<a "/kiwi/James_Beattie_(poet)" title="James Beattie (poet)">James Beattie the poet</a>), stayed at Sandleford with his son in July 1791;<sup id="cite_ref-107" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-107">[107]</a></sup></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/George_Harcourt,_2nd_Earl_Harcourt" title="George Harcourt, 2nd Earl Harcourt">George Harcourt, 2nd Earl Harcourt</a> (17361809), of <a "/kiwi/Nuneham_House" title="Nuneham House">Nuneham House</a>, friend and garden adviser to Mrs. Montagu;</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Mary_Delany" title="Mary Delany">Mary Delany</a>, aka Mrs. Pendarves, (17001788), friend of Mrs. Montagu;</li>
</ul>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:172px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Lancelot_(%27Capability%27)_Brown_by_Nathaniel_Dance,_(later_Sir_Nathaniel_Dance-Holland,_Bt)_cropped.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/4/45/Lancelot_%28%27Capability%27%29_Brown_by_Nathaniel_Dance%2C_%28later_Sir_Nathaniel_Dance-Holland%2C_Bt%29_cropped.jpg/170px-Lancelot_%28%27Capability%27%29_Brown_by_Nathaniel_Dance%2C_%28later_Sir_Nathaniel_Dance-Holland%2C_Bt%29_cropped.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/4/45/Lancelot_%28%27Capability%27%29_Brown_by_Nathaniel_Dance%2C_%28later_Sir_Nathaniel_Dance-Holland%2C_Bt%29_cropped.jpg/255px-Lancelot_%28%27Capability%27%29_Brown_by_Nathaniel_Dance%2C_%28later_Sir_Nathaniel_Dance-Holland%2C_Bt%29_cropped.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/4/45/Lancelot_%28%27Capability%27%29_Brown_by_Nathaniel_Dance%2C_%28later_Sir_Nathaniel_Dance-Holland%2C_Bt%29_cropped.jpg/340px-Lancelot_%28%27Capability%27%29_Brown_by_Nathaniel_Dance%2C_%28later_Sir_Nathaniel_Dance-Holland%2C_Bt%29_cropped.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1440" data-file-height="1960" width="170" height="231"></a>
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Lancelot ('Capability') Brown, by <a "/kiwi/Nathaniel_Dance-Holland" title="Nathaniel Dance-Holland">Nathaniel Dance</a>. Brown worked on the extensive park and on a smaller scale around the priory, c. 1780.</div>
</div>
</div>
<ul>
<li>Lancelot Brown (171683), <a "/kiwi/Capability_Brown" title="Capability Brown">Capability Brown</a>, provided plans for the park and garden in 1781;</li>
<li>John Spyers (Spyres, Spiers, Spires), (c1720-1798), nurseryman and draftsman, Mr. Brown's surveyor;<sup id="cite_ref-108" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-108">[108]</a></sup></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/James_Wyatt" title="James Wyatt">James Wyatt</a>, architect;</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Joseph_Bonomi_the_Elder" title="Joseph Bonomi the Elder">Joseph Bonomi the Elder</a>, architect;<sup id="cite_ref-109" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-109">[109]</a></sup></li>
<li>Samuel Lapidge, took over from Brown in the park and garden. Father of <a "/kiwi/Edward_Lapidge" title="Edward Lapidge">Edward Lapidge</a>;</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/William_Emes" title="William Emes">William Emes</a>, also took over garden landscaping after Brown's death;<sup id="cite_ref-110" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-110">[110]</a></sup></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Sir_Richard_Jebb,_1st_Baronet" title="Sir Richard Jebb, 1st Baronet">Sir Richard Jebb, 1st Baronet</a>, introduced Mrs Montagu to the <a "/kiwi/One-horse_shay" title="One-horse shay">whiskey</a>, a one-horse chair (chariot), which she used to get around her scenic acres at Sandleford;<sup id="cite_ref-111" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-111">[111]</a></sup></li>
<li>Miss. Gregory (17541830), Dorothea Gregory; wife (from 1784) to <a "/kiwi/Archibald_Alison_(author)" title="Archibald Alison (author)">Archibald Alison (author)</a> (17571839), daughter of <a "/kiwi/John_Gregory_(moralist)" title="John Gregory (moralist)">John Gregory</a>, sister of <a "/kiwi/James_Gregory_(physician)" title="James Gregory (physician)">James Gregory (physician)</a> and mother of <a "/kiwi/Sir_Archibald_Alison,_1st_Baronet" title="Sir Archibald Alison, 1st Baronet">Sir Archibald Alison, 1st Baronet</a> and <a "/kiwi/William_Alison" title="William Alison">William Alison</a>. Invaluable companion to Mrs. Montagu, especially at Sandleford;<sup id="cite_ref-112" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-112">[112]</a></sup></li>
</ul>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Mary_Morgan.27s_description">Mary Morgan's description</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=Sandleford&amp;action=edit&amp;section=25" title="Edit section: Mary Morgan's description">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Photograph_of_Wyatt_altered_chapel_at_Sandleford_Priory,_1906,_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_(c._1872-1909).jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/1/10/Photograph_of_Wyatt_altered_chapel_at_Sandleford_Priory%2C_1906%2C_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_%28c._1872-1909%29.jpg/220px-Photograph_of_Wyatt_altered_chapel_at_Sandleford_Priory%2C_1906%2C_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_%28c._1872-1909%29.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/1/10/Photograph_of_Wyatt_altered_chapel_at_Sandleford_Priory%2C_1906%2C_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_%28c._1872-1909%29.jpg/330px-Photograph_of_Wyatt_altered_chapel_at_Sandleford_Priory%2C_1906%2C_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_%28c._1872-1909%29.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/1/10/Photograph_of_Wyatt_altered_chapel_at_Sandleford_Priory%2C_1906%2C_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_%28c._1872-1909%29.jpg/440px-Photograph_of_Wyatt_altered_chapel_at_Sandleford_Priory%2C_1906%2C_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_%28c._1872-1909%29.jpg 2x" data-file-width="917" data-file-height="1159" width="220" height="278"></a>
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<div class="magnify"><a "/kiwi/File:Photograph_of_Wyatt_altered_chapel_at_Sandleford_Priory,_1906,_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_(c._1872-1909).jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>
Photograph of Wyatt's alteration to the chapel at Sandleford Priory, 1906, by Evelyn Elizabeth Myers (c. 18721909).</div>
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<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Photograph_of_chapel_at_Sandleford_Priory,_1906,_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_(c._1872-1909).jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Photograph_of_chapel_at_Sandleford_Priory%2C_1906%2C_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_%28c._1872-1909%29.jpg/220px-Photograph_of_chapel_at_Sandleford_Priory%2C_1906%2C_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_%28c._1872-1909%29.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Photograph_of_chapel_at_Sandleford_Priory%2C_1906%2C_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_%28c._1872-1909%29.jpg/330px-Photograph_of_chapel_at_Sandleford_Priory%2C_1906%2C_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_%28c._1872-1909%29.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Photograph_of_chapel_at_Sandleford_Priory%2C_1906%2C_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_%28c._1872-1909%29.jpg/440px-Photograph_of_chapel_at_Sandleford_Priory%2C_1906%2C_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_%28c._1872-1909%29.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1006" data-file-height="1091" width="220" height="239"></a>
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Photograph of the chapel at Sandleford Priory, 1906, by Evelyn Elizabeth Myers (c. 18721909).</div>
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<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Photograph_of_Sandleford_Priory,_1906,_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_(c._1872-1909).jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/c/c8/Photograph_of_Sandleford_Priory%2C_1906%2C_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_%28c._1872-1909%29.jpg/220px-Photograph_of_Sandleford_Priory%2C_1906%2C_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_%28c._1872-1909%29.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="//upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/c/c8/Photograph_of_Sandleford_Priory%2C_1906%2C_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_%28c._1872-1909%29.jpg/330px-Photograph_of_Sandleford_Priory%2C_1906%2C_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_%28c._1872-1909%29.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/c/c8/Photograph_of_Sandleford_Priory%2C_1906%2C_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_%28c._1872-1909%29.jpg/440px-Photograph_of_Sandleford_Priory%2C_1906%2C_by_Evelyn_Elizabeth_Myers_%28c._1872-1909%29.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1360" data-file-height="678" width="220" height="110"></a>
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Photograph of Sandleford Priory, 1906, by Evelyn Elizabeth Myers (c. 18721909).</div>
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</div>
<ul>
<li>Mary Morgan (died 11 July 1808, aged 59),<sup id="cite_ref-113" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-113">[113]</a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-114" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-114">[114]</a></sup> one of the two daughters of the Ipswich composer <a "/kiwi/Joseph_Gibbs" title="Joseph Gibbs">Joseph Gibbs</a> (died 1788), and wife to Rev. Caesar Morgan, DD, (died 1812, aged 62), vicar of Wisbech and then Rector of <a "/kiwi/St_James%27_Church,_Stretham" title="St James' Church, Stretham">St James' Church, Stretham</a>, Cambridgeshire and (from 1804) a <a "/kiwi/Prebendary" title="Prebendary">Prebendary</a> of Ely,<sup id="cite_ref-115" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-115">[115]</a></sup> in her <i>A Tour to <a "/kiwi/Milford_Haven" title="Milford Haven">Milford Haven</a>, in the year 1791</i> published in 1795, wrote (Letter V, To Miss B _ _ _ _ , Burfield [ <a "/kiwi/Burghfield" title="Burghfield">Burghfield</a> ], 13 July 1791):<sup id="cite_ref-116" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-116">[116]</a></sup></li>
</ul>
<p><i>…I felt myself sufficiently gratified, that a great portion of genius is possessed by my sex; I was entirely devoid of dread or envy.</i> <i>After driving twenty miles through a very pleasant country, and through the pretty town of Newbury, we entered Mrs. Montagu's park, which seemed to have undergone some recent improvements, as the trees were many of them newly planted. The approach to the house is a fine lawn, with sheep feeding upon it. This gives you the idea of beauty blended with utility, which always produces agreeable sensations in the mind…<sup id="cite_ref-117" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-117">[117]</a></sup></i></p>
<p><i>…In this wing is an elegant dressing-room above stairs. This too has a large bow, on the outside of which there is a very spacious balcony, surrounded by iron balustrades. The balcony commands a distant view of the Hampshire hills, and an extensive diversified country. The small village of <a "/kiwi/Newtown,_Hampshire" title="Newtown, Hampshire">Newton</a> in the Valley has an humble simplicity in it, that is agreeably contrasted with the lofty hills beyond it…</i></p>
<p><i>…When we withdrew to go to bed, we were ushered up stairs by the</i> major domo<i>, with a wax light in each hand. I found the bedroom lighted up, and a female waiting in it ready to undress me. Mrs M.
was not conducted into my room, but into a dressing-room adjoining, by a door that opened into a passage. Reflecting on this, to me unusual ceremony, I almost began to fancy myself a bride again; or else, that I was transported into some fairy region, where I was to be waited upon by spirits, that were every where attending without being called for…</i></p>
<p><i>…In the dressing-room there was a collection of books; amongst them I found your friend Miss <a "/kiwi/Cornelia_Knight" title="Cornelia Knight">Cornelia Knight</a>'s Dinarbas. Here you may amuse yourself in the morning, if you please, till dinner calls you again to society.</i></p>