1899---FreeEncartaFreeAssange

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<div id="siteNotice" class="mw-body-content"><div id="centralNotice"></div><!— CentralNotice —></div>
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<h1 id="firstHeading" class="firstHeading" lang="en">1899</h1>
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<div id="mw-content-text" dir="ltr" class="mw-content-ltr" lang="en"><div class="mw-parser-output"><div role="note" class="hatnote navigation-not-searchable">This article is about the year 1899.</div>
<table class="infobox" style="text-align: center;">
<tbody><tr>
<th style="text-align:right;"><a "/kiwi/Millennium" title="Millennium">Millennium</a>:</th>
<td><a "/kiwi/2nd_millennium" title="2nd millennium">2nd&nbsp;millennium</a></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<th style="text-align:right;"><a "/kiwi/List_of_centuries" title="List of centuries">Centuries</a>:</th>
<td class="hlist">
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/18th_century" title="18th century">18th&nbsp;century</a></li>
<li><b><a "/kiwi/19th_century" title="19th century">19th&nbsp;century</a></b></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/20th_century" title="20th century">20th&nbsp;century</a></li>
</ul>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<th style="text-align:right;"><a "/kiwi/List_of_decades" title="List of decades">Decades</a>:</th>
<td class="hlist">
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/1870s" title="1870s">1870s</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/1880s" title="1880s">1880s</a></li>
<li><b><a "/kiwi/1890s" title="1890s">1890s</a></b></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/1900s_(decade)" title="1900s (decade)">1900s</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/1910s" title="1910s">1910s</a></li>
</ul>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<th style="text-align:right;"><a "/kiwi/List_of_years" title="List of years">Years</a>:</th>
<td class="hlist">
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/1896" title="1896">1896</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/1897" title="1897">1897</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/1898" title="1898">1898</a></li>
<li><b><a class="mw-selflink selflink">1899</a></b></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/1900" title="1900">1900</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/1901" title="1901">1901</a></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/1902" title="1902">1902</a></li>
</ul>
</td>
</tr>
</tbody></table>
<table class="infobox" width="325">
<tbody><tr>
<td style="text-align:center;"><b><a "/kiwi/Category:1899" title="Category:1899">1899 in topic</a>:</b></td>
</tr>
<tr style="background-color:#f3f3f3">
<td style="text-align:center;"><i>Humanities</i></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td style="text-align:center;"><a "/kiwi/1899_in_archaeology" title="1899 in archaeology">Archaeology</a> <a "/kiwi/1899_in_architecture" title="1899 in architecture">Architecture</a> <a "/kiwi/1899_in_art" title="1899 in art">Art</a> <a "/kiwi/1899_in_literature" title="1899 in literature">Literature</a> <a "/kiwi/1899_in_music" title="1899 in music">Music</a></td>
</tr>
<tr style="background-color:#f3f3f3">
<td style="text-align:center;"><i>By country</i></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td style="text-align:center;"><a "/kiwi/1899_in_Australia" title="1899 in Australia">Australia</a> <a "/kiwi/1899_in_Brazil" title="1899 in Brazil">Brazil</a> - <a "/kiwi/1899_in_Canada" title="1899 in Canada">Canada</a> <a "/kiwi/1899_in_Denmark" title="1899 in Denmark">Denmark</a> - <a "/kiwi/1899_in_France" title="1899 in France">France</a> <a "/kiwi/1899_in_Germany" title="1899 in Germany">Germany</a> <a "/kiwi/Category:1899_in_Mexico" title="Category:1899 in Mexico">Mexico</a> <a "/kiwi/1899_in_Norway" title="1899 in Norway">Norway</a> - <a "/kiwi/Category:1899_in_the_Philippines" title="Category:1899 in the Philippines">Philippines</a> - <a "/kiwi/1899_in_Portugal" title="1899 in Portugal">Portugal</a> <a "/kiwi/1899_in_Russia" title="1899 in Russia">Russia</a> - <a "/kiwi/1899_in_South_Africa" title="1899 in South Africa">South Africa</a> <a "/w/index.php?title=1899_in_Spain&amp;action=edit&amp;redlink=1" class="new" title="1899 in Spain (page does not exist)">Spain</a> - <a "/kiwi/1899_in_Sweden" title="1899 in Sweden">Sweden</a> - <a "/kiwi/1899_in_the_United_Kingdom" title="1899 in the United Kingdom">United Kingdom</a> <a "/kiwi/1899_in_the_United_States" title="1899 in the United States">United States</a> <a "/w/index.php?title=1899_in_Venezuela&amp;action=edit&amp;redlink=1" class="new" title="1899 in Venezuela (page does not exist)">Venezuela</a></td>
</tr>
<tr style="background-color:#f3f3f3">
<td style="text-align:center;"><i>Other topics</i></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td style="text-align:center;"><a "/kiwi/1899_in_rail_transport" title="1899 in rail transport">Rail Transport</a> <a "/kiwi/1899_in_science" title="1899 in science">Science</a> <a "/kiwi/1899_in_sports" title="1899 in sports">Sports</a></td>
</tr>
<tr style="background-color:#f3f3f3">
<td style="text-align:center;"><i>Lists of leaders</i></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td style="text-align:center;"><a "/kiwi/List_of_political_entities_in_the_19th_century" title="List of political entities in the 19th century">Sovereign states</a> <a "/kiwi/List_of_state_leaders_in_1899" title="List of state leaders in 1899">State leaders</a> <a "/kiwi/List_of_governors_of_dependent_territories_in_the_19th_century" title="List of governors of dependent territories in the 19th century">Territorial governors</a> <a "/kiwi/List_of_19th-century_religious_leaders" title="List of 19th-century religious leaders">Religious leaders</a></td>
</tr>
<tr style="background-color:#f3f3f3">
<td style="text-align:center;"><i>Birth and death categories</i></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td style="text-align:center;"><a "/kiwi/Category:1899_births" title="Category:1899 births">Births</a> <a "/kiwi/Category:1899_deaths" title="Category:1899 deaths">Deaths</a></td>
</tr>
<tr style="background-color:#f3f3f3">
<td style="text-align:center;"><i>Establishments and disestablishments categories</i></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td style="text-align:center;"><a "/kiwi/Category:1899_establishments" title="Category:1899 establishments">Establishments</a> <a "/kiwi/Category:1899_disestablishments" title="Category:1899 disestablishments">Disestablishments</a></td>
</tr>
<tr style="background-color:#f3f3f3">
<td style="text-align:center;"><i>Works category</i></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td style="text-align:center;"><a "/kiwi/Category:1899_works" title="Category:1899 works">Works</a></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td style="text-align:center;">
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<table class="infobox vevent" style="width:22em">
<caption style="font-size:125%"><span class="summary dtstart">1899 in various <a "/kiwi/Calendar_era" title="Calendar era">calendars</a></span></caption>
<tbody><tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Gregorian_calendar" title="Gregorian calendar">Gregorian calendar</a></td>
<td>1899<br>
<span style="font-family: serif;"><i>MDCCCXCIX</i></span></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Ab_urbe_condita" title="Ab urbe condita">Ab urbe condita</a></td>
<td>2652</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Armenian_calendar" title="Armenian calendar">Armenian calendar</a></td>
<td>1348<br>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Assyrian_calendar" title="Assyrian calendar">Assyrian calendar</a></td>
<td>6649</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Bah%C3%A1%27%C3%AD_calendar" title="Bah' calendar">Bah' calendar</a></td>
<td>5556</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Balinese_saka_calendar" title="Balinese saka calendar">Balinese saka calendar</a></td>
<td>18201821</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Bengali_calendar" class="mw-redirect" title="Bengali calendar">Bengali calendar</a></td>
<td>1306</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Berber_calendar" title="Berber calendar">Berber calendar</a></td>
<td>2849</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Regnal_years_of_English_monarchs" title="Regnal years of English monarchs">British Regnal year</a></td>
<td>62&nbsp;<a "/kiwi/Queen_Victoria" title="Queen Victoria">Vict.&nbsp;1</a>&nbsp;&nbsp;63&nbsp;<a "/kiwi/Queen_Victoria" title="Queen Victoria">Vict.&nbsp;1</a></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Buddhist_calendar" title="Buddhist calendar">Buddhist calendar</a></td>
<td>2443</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Burmese_calendar" title="Burmese calendar">Burmese calendar</a></td>
<td>1261</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Byzantine_calendar" title="Byzantine calendar">Byzantine calendar</a></td>
<td>74077408</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Chinese_calendar" title="Chinese calendar">Chinese calendar</a></td>
<td><a "/kiwi/Chinese_sexagenary_cycle" class="mw-redirect" title="Chinese sexagenary cycle"></a> <small>(Earth&nbsp;<a "/kiwi/Dog_(zodiac)" title="Dog (zodiac)">Dog</a>)</small><br>
4595 or 4535<br>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<i>&nbsp;to&nbsp;</i><br>
<small>(Earth&nbsp;<a "/kiwi/Pig_(zodiac)" title="Pig (zodiac)">Pig</a>)</small><br>
4596 or 4536</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Coptic_calendar" title="Coptic calendar">Coptic calendar</a></td>
<td>16151616</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Discordian_calendar" title="Discordian calendar">Discordian calendar</a></td>
<td>3065</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Ethiopian_calendar" title="Ethiopian calendar">Ethiopian calendar</a></td>
<td>18911892</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Hebrew_calendar" title="Hebrew calendar">Hebrew calendar</a></td>
<td>56595660</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Hindu_calendar" title="Hindu calendar">Hindu calendars</a></td>
<td></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>&nbsp;- <i><a "/kiwi/Vikram_Samvat" title="Vikram Samvat">Vikram Samvat</a></i></td>
<td>19551956</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>&nbsp;- <i><a "/kiwi/Indian_national_calendar" title="Indian national calendar">Shaka Samvat</a></i></td>
<td>18201821</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>&nbsp;- <i><a "/kiwi/Kali_Yuga" title="Kali Yuga">Kali Yuga</a></i></td>
<td>49995000</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Holocene_calendar" title="Holocene calendar">Holocene calendar</a></td>
<td>11899</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Igbo_calendar" title="Igbo calendar">Igbo calendar</a></td>
<td>899900</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Iranian_calendars" title="Iranian calendars">Iranian calendar</a></td>
<td>12771278</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Islamic_calendar" title="Islamic calendar">Islamic calendar</a></td>
<td>13161317</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Japanese_calendar" title="Japanese calendar">Japanese calendar</a></td>
<td><a "/kiwi/Meiji_period" title="Meiji period">Meiji</a> 32<br>
<small>()</small></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Javanese_calendar" title="Javanese calendar">Javanese calendar</a></td>
<td>18281829</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Julian_calendar" title="Julian calendar">Julian calendar</a></td>
<td>Gregorian minus 12 days</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Korean_calendar" title="Korean calendar">Korean calendar</a></td>
<td>4232</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Minguo_calendar" title="Minguo calendar">Minguo calendar</a></td>
<td>13 before <a "/kiwi/Republic_of_China_(1912%E2%80%931949)" class="mw-redirect" title="Republic of China (19121949)">ROC</a><br>
<small>13</small></td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Nanakshahi_calendar" title="Nanakshahi calendar">Nanakshahi calendar</a></td>
<td>431</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Thai_solar_calendar" title="Thai solar calendar">Thai solar calendar</a></td>
<td>24412442</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td><a "/kiwi/Tibetan_calendar" title="Tibetan calendar">Tibetan calendar</a></td>
<td><br>
<small>(male Earth-<a "/kiwi/Dog_(zodiac)" title="Dog (zodiac)">Dog</a>)</small><br>
2025 or 1644 or 872<br>
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<i>&nbsp;to&nbsp;</i><br>
<br>
<small>(female Earth-<a "/kiwi/Pig_(zodiac)" title="Pig (zodiac)">Pig</a>)</small><br>
2026 or 1645 or 873</td>
</tr>
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<td class="mbox-text plainlist">encarta2018.ga Commons has media related to <i><b><a "commons.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwi/Category:1899" class="extiw" title="commons:Category:1899">1899</a></b></i>.</td>
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<p><b>1899 (<a "/kiwi/Roman_numerals" title="Roman numerals">MDCCCXCIX</a>)</b> was a <a "/kiwi/Common_year" title="Common year">common year</a> <a "/kiwi/Common_year_starting_on_Sunday" title="Common year starting on Sunday">starting on Sunday</a> (<a "/kiwi/Dominical_letter" title="Dominical letter">dominical letter</a> A) of the <a "/kiwi/Gregorian_calendar" title="Gregorian calendar">Gregorian calendar</a>&nbsp;and a <a "/kiwi/Common_year_starting_on_Friday" title="Common year starting on Friday">common year starting on Friday</a> (<a "/kiwi/Dominical_letter" title="Dominical letter">dominical letter</a> C) of the <a "/kiwi/Julian_calendar" title="Julian calendar">Julian calendar</a>, the 1899th year of the <a "/kiwi/Common_Era" title="Common Era">Common Era</a> (CE) and <i><a "/kiwi/Anno_Domini" title="Anno Domini">Anno Domini</a></i> (AD) designations, the 899th year of the <a "/kiwi/2nd_millennium" title="2nd millennium">2nd&nbsp;millennium</a>, the 99th year of the <a "/kiwi/19th_century" title="19th century">19th&nbsp;century</a>, and the 10th and last year of the <a "/kiwi/1890s" title="1890s">1890s</a> decade. As of the start of 1899, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.</p>
<div class="toclimit-2">
<div id="toc" class="toc">
<div class="toctitle">
<h2>Contents</h2>
<span class="toctoggle">&nbsp;[<a role="button" tabindex="0" class="togglelink">hide</a>]&nbsp;</span></div>
<ul>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-1"><a "#Events"><span class="tocnumber">1</span> <span class="toctext">Events</span></a>
<ul>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-2"><a "#January.E2.80.93March"><span class="tocnumber">1.1</span> <span class="toctext">JanuaryMarch</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-3"><a "#April.E2.80.93June"><span class="tocnumber">1.2</span> <span class="toctext">AprilJune</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-4"><a "#July.E2.80.93September"><span class="tocnumber">1.3</span> <span class="toctext">JulySeptember</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-5"><a "#October.E2.80.93December"><span class="tocnumber">1.4</span> <span class="toctext">OctoberDecember</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-6"><a "#Date_unknown"><span class="tocnumber">1.5</span> <span class="toctext">Date unknown</span></a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-7"><a "#Births"><span class="tocnumber">2</span> <span class="toctext">Births</span></a>
<ul>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-8"><a "#January"><span class="tocnumber">2.1</span> <span class="toctext">January</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-9"><a "#February"><span class="tocnumber">2.2</span> <span class="toctext">February</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-10"><a "#March"><span class="tocnumber">2.3</span> <span class="toctext">March</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-11"><a "#April"><span class="tocnumber">2.4</span> <span class="toctext">April</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-12"><a "#May"><span class="tocnumber">2.5</span> <span class="toctext">May</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-13"><a "#June"><span class="tocnumber">2.6</span> <span class="toctext">June</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-14"><a "#July"><span class="tocnumber">2.7</span> <span class="toctext">July</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-15"><a "#August"><span class="tocnumber">2.8</span> <span class="toctext">August</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-16"><a "#September"><span class="tocnumber">2.9</span> <span class="toctext">September</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-17"><a "#October"><span class="tocnumber">2.10</span> <span class="toctext">October</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-18"><a "#November"><span class="tocnumber">2.11</span> <span class="toctext">November</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-19"><a "#December"><span class="tocnumber">2.12</span> <span class="toctext">December</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-20"><a "#Date_unknown_2"><span class="tocnumber">2.13</span> <span class="toctext">Date unknown</span></a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-21"><a "#Deaths"><span class="tocnumber">3</span> <span class="toctext">Deaths</span></a>
<ul>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-22"><a "#January.E2.80.93June"><span class="tocnumber">3.1</span> <span class="toctext">JanuaryJune</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-23"><a "#July.E2.80.93December"><span class="tocnumber">3.2</span> <span class="toctext">JulyDecember</span></a></li>
<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-24"><a "#Date_unknown_3"><span class="tocnumber">3.3</span> <span class="toctext">Date unknown</span></a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-25"><a "#References"><span class="tocnumber">4</span> <span class="toctext">References</span></a></li>
</ul>
</div>
</div>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Events">Events</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=1" title="Edit section: Events">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="January.E2.80.93March">JanuaryMarch</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=2" title="Edit section: JanuaryMarch">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:162px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Cu-map.png" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/b/b1/Cu-map.png/160px-Cu-map.png" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/b/b1/Cu-map.png/240px-Cu-map.png 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/b/b1/Cu-map.png/320px-Cu-map.png 2x" data-file-width="634" data-file-height="323" width="160" height="82"></a>
<div class="thumbcaption">
<div class="magnify"><a "/kiwi/File:Cu-map.png" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>
<a "/kiwi/January_1" title="January 1">January 1</a>: <a "/kiwi/Cuba" title="Cuba">Cuba</a> <a "/kiwi/Independence" title="Independence">free</a>.</div>
</div>
</div>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_1" title="January 1">January 1</a>
<ul>
<li>Spanish rule ends in <a "/kiwi/Cuba" title="Cuba">Cuba</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Queens" title="Queens">Queens</a> and <a "/kiwi/Staten_Island" title="Staten Island">Staten Island</a> become administratively part of <a "/kiwi/New_York_City" title="New York City">New York City</a>.</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_6" title="January 6">January 6</a> <a "/kiwi/George_Curzon,_1st_Marquess_Curzon_of_Kedleston" title="George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston">Lord Curzon</a> becomes <a "/kiwi/Viceroy_of_India" class="mw-redirect" title="Viceroy of India">Viceroy of India</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_8" title="January 8">January 8</a> The <a "/kiwi/Association_football" title="Association football">Association football</a> club <a "/kiwi/SK_Rapid_Wien" title="SK Rapid Wien">SK Rapid Wien</a> is founded in <a "/kiwi/Vienna" title="Vienna">Vienna</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_10" title="January 10">January 10</a> The <a "/kiwi/Tau_Kappa_Epsilon" title="Tau Kappa Epsilon">Tau Kappa Epsilon</a> Fraternity is founded at <a "/kiwi/Illinois_Wesleyan_University" title="Illinois Wesleyan University">Illinois Wesleyan University</a> in <a "/kiwi/Bloomington,_Illinois" title="Bloomington, Illinois">Bloomington, Illinois</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_17" title="January 17">January 17</a> The United States takes possession of <a "/kiwi/Wake_Island" title="Wake Island">Wake Island</a> in the Pacific Ocean.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_19" title="January 19">January 19</a> <a "/kiwi/Anglo-Egyptian_Sudan" title="Anglo-Egyptian Sudan">Anglo-Egyptian Sudan</a> is formed. It is disbanded in <a "/kiwi/1956" title="1956">1956</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_20" title="January 20">January 20</a> The term wringer was created at chicken factories.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_21" title="January 21">January 21</a> <a "/kiwi/Opel" title="Opel">Opel</a> Motors opens for business.</li>
</ul>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:172px;"><a "/kiwi/File:OpelLutzmann.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/1/18/OpelLutzmann.jpg/170px-OpelLutzmann.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/1/18/OpelLutzmann.jpg/255px-OpelLutzmann.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/1/18/OpelLutzmann.jpg/340px-OpelLutzmann.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1600" data-file-height="1200" width="170" height="128"></a>
<div class="thumbcaption">
<div class="magnify"><a "/kiwi/File:OpelLutzmann.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>
<a "/kiwi/January_21" title="January 21">January 21</a>: <a "/kiwi/Opel" title="Opel">Opel</a> car.</div>
</div>
</div>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_22" title="January 22">January 22</a> The leaders of six Australian colonies meet in <a "/kiwi/Melbourne" title="Melbourne">Melbourne</a> to discuss the confederation of Australia as a whole.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_23" title="January 23">January 23</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Emilio_Aguinaldo" title="Emilio Aguinaldo">Emilio Aguinaldo</a> is sworn in as President of the <a "/kiwi/First_Philippine_Republic" title="First Philippine Republic">First Philippine Republic</a>.</li>
<li>British <a "/kiwi/Southern_Cross_Expedition" title="Southern Cross Expedition">Southern Cross Expedition</a> crosses the <a "/kiwi/Antarctic_Circle" title="Antarctic Circle">Antarctic Circle</a>.</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_2" title="February 2">February 2</a> The Australian Premiers' Conference held in <a "/kiwi/Melbourne" title="Melbourne">Melbourne</a> agrees that Australia's capital (<a "/kiwi/Canberra" title="Canberra">Canberra</a>) should be located between Sydney and Melbourne.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_4" title="February 4">February 4</a> The <a "/kiwi/Philippine%E2%80%93American_War" title="PhilippineAmerican War">PhilippineAmerican War</a> begins as hostilities break out in Manila.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_6" title="February 6">February 6</a> <a "/kiwi/Spanish%E2%80%93American_War" title="SpanishAmerican War">SpanishAmerican War</a>: A peace treaty between the United States and Spain is ratified by the <a "/kiwi/United_States_Senate" title="United States Senate">United States Senate</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_12" title="February 12">February 12</a><a "/kiwi/February_14" title="February 14">February 14</a> <a "/kiwi/Great_Blizzard_of_1899" title="Great Blizzard of 1899">Great Blizzard of 1899</a>: Freezing temperatures and <a "/kiwi/Snow" title="Snow">snow</a> extend well south into North America, including southern <a "/kiwi/Florida" title="Florida">Florida</a>. It is the latest in a series of disasters to Florida's <a "/kiwi/Citrus" title="Citrus">citrus</a> industry.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_14" title="February 14">February 14</a> <a "/kiwi/Voting_machine" title="Voting machine">Voting machines</a> are approved by the <a "/kiwi/United_States_Congress" title="United States Congress">U.S. Congress</a> for use in federal <a "/kiwi/Election" title="Election">elections</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_15" title="February 15">February 15</a> The <a "/kiwi/Russification_of_Finland" title="Russification of Finland">February Manifesto</a> is issued by the <a "/kiwi/Nicholas_II_of_Russia" title="Nicholas II of Russia">Emperor of Russia</a> decreeing that a veto by the <a "/kiwi/Diet_of_Finland" title="Diet of Finland">Diet of Finland</a> may be overruled in legislative matters concerning the interest of all Russia, including <a "/kiwi/Grand_Principality_of_Finland" class="mw-redirect" title="Grand Principality of Finland">autonomous Finland</a>. The manifesto is viewed as unconstitutional and a coup d'tat by many Finns who have come to consider their country a separate constitutional state in its own right in union with the Russian Empire. Furthermore, the manifesto also fails to elaborate the criteria that a law has to meet in order to be considered to concern Russian imperial interests and not an internal affair of Finland affairs over which the Diet's authority is supposed have remained unaltered leaving it to be decided by the autocratic Emperor. This results in Finnish fears that the Diet of Finland may be overruled arbitrarily.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_16" title="February 16">February 16</a> <a "/kiwi/Knattspyrnuf%C3%A9lag_Reykjav%C3%ADkur" title="Knattspyrnuflag Reykjavkur">Knattspyrnuflag Reykjavkur</a>, the first <a "/kiwi/Association_football" title="Association football">Association football</a> club in <a "/kiwi/Iceland" title="Iceland">Iceland</a>, is established in the island's capital, <a "/kiwi/Reykjav%C3%ADk" title="Reykjavk">Reykjavk</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_25" title="February 25">February 25</a> In an accident at Grove Hill, <a "/kiwi/Harrow,_London" title="Harrow, London">Harrow, London</a>, England, Edwin Sewell becomes the world's first driver of a petrol-driven vehicle to be killed; his passenger, Maj. James Richer, dies of injuries three days later.<sup id="cite_ref-1" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-1">[1]</a></sup></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_1" title="March 1">March 1</a> In <a "/kiwi/1899_in_Afghanistan" title="1899 in Afghanistan">Afghanistan</a>, Capt. <a "/kiwi/George_Roos-Keppel" title="George Roos-Keppel">George Roos-Keppel</a> makes a sudden attack on a predatory band of <a "/kiwi/Chamkanni" class="mw-redirect" title="Chamkanni">Chamkannis</a> that have been raiding in the Kurram Valley, and captures 100 prisoners with 3,000 head of cattle.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_2" title="March 2">March 2</a> In <a "/kiwi/Washington_(state)" title="Washington (state)">Washington state</a>, USA, <a "/kiwi/Mount_Rainier_National_Park" title="Mount Rainier National Park">Mount Rainier National Park</a> is established.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_4" title="March 4">March 4</a> <a "/kiwi/Cyclone_Mahina" title="Cyclone Mahina">Cyclone Mahina</a> strikes <a "/kiwi/Bathurst_Bay" title="Bathurst Bay">Bathurst Bay</a>, Queensland. A 12 m wave reaches up to 5&nbsp;km inland, leaving over 400 dead, the deadliest <a "/kiwi/Natural_disaster" title="Natural disaster">natural disaster</a> in Australia's history.</li>
</ul>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:127px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Aspirin-skeletal.svg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/6/67/Aspirin-skeletal.svg/125px-Aspirin-skeletal.svg.png" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/6/67/Aspirin-skeletal.svg/188px-Aspirin-skeletal.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/6/67/Aspirin-skeletal.svg/250px-Aspirin-skeletal.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="336" data-file-height="279" width="125" height="104"></a>
<div class="thumbcaption">
<div class="magnify"><a "/kiwi/File:Aspirin-skeletal.svg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>
<a "/kiwi/March_6" title="March 6">March 6</a>: Aspirin.</div>
</div>
</div>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_6" title="March 6">March 6</a> <a "/kiwi/Felix_Hoffmann" title="Felix Hoffmann">Felix Hoffmann</a> patents <a "/kiwi/Aspirin" title="Aspirin">aspirin</a> and <a "/kiwi/Bayer" title="Bayer">Bayer</a> registers its name as a trademark.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_8" title="March 8">March 8</a> The Frankfurter Fuball-Club Victoria von 1899 (predecessor of <a "/kiwi/Eintracht_Frankfurt" title="Eintracht Frankfurt">Eintracht Frankfurt</a>) is founded.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_20" title="March 20">March 20</a> At <a "/kiwi/Sing_Sing" title="Sing Sing">Sing Sing</a> prison in <a "/kiwi/Ossining_(town),_New_York" title="Ossining (town), New York">Ossining, New York</a>, <a "/kiwi/Martha_M._Place" title="Martha M. Place">Martha M. Place</a> becomes the first woman executed in an <a "/kiwi/Electric_chair" title="Electric chair">electric chair</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_24" title="March 24">March 24</a> <a "/kiwi/George_Dewey" title="George Dewey">George Dewey</a> is made <a "/kiwi/Admiral_of_the_Navy_(United_States)" title="Admiral of the Navy (United States)">Admiral of the US Navy</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_27" title="March 27">March 27</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Guglielmo_Marconi" title="Guglielmo Marconi">Guglielmo Marconi</a> successfully transmits a radio signal across the <a "/kiwi/English_Channel" title="English Channel">English Channel</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-Pocket_On_This_Day_2-0" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-Pocket_On_This_Day-2">[2]</a></sup></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Philippine%E2%80%93American_War" title="PhilippineAmerican War">PhilippineAmerican War</a> <a "/kiwi/Battle_of_Marilao_River" title="Battle of Marilao River">Battle of Marilao River</a>: Filipino forces under the personal command of <a "/kiwi/Emilio_Aguinaldo" title="Emilio Aguinaldo">Emilio Aguinaldo</a>, <a "/kiwi/President_of_the_Philippines" title="President of the Philippines">President of the Philippines</a>, fail to prevent troops of the <a "/kiwi/United_States_Army" title="United States Army">United States Army</a> crossing the river.</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_30" title="March 30">March 30</a> German Society of Chemistry issued an invitation to other national scientific organizations to appoint delegates to the <a "/kiwi/Commission_on_Isotopic_Abundances_and_Atomic_Weights" title="Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights">International Committee on Atomic Weights</a>.</li>
</ul>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="April.E2.80.93June">AprilJune</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=3" title="Edit section: AprilJune">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/April_15" title="April 15">April 15</a> Students at the <a "/kiwi/University_of_California,_Berkeley" title="University of California, Berkeley">University of California, Berkeley</a> steal the <a "/kiwi/Stanford_Axe" title="Stanford Axe">Stanford Axe</a> from <a "/kiwi/Stanford_University" title="Stanford University">Stanford University</a> yelling at leaders following a baseball game, thus establishing the Axe as a symbol of the rivalry between the schools.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/April_26" title="April 26">April 26</a> <a "/kiwi/Jean_Sibelius" title="Jean Sibelius">Jean Sibelius</a>' 1. Symphony premiers in <a "/kiwi/Helsinki" title="Helsinki">Helsinki</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/May_3" title="May 3">May 3</a> <a "/kiwi/Ferencv%C3%A1rosi_TC" title="Ferencvrosi TC">Ferencvrosi TC</a> <a "/kiwi/Association_football" title="Association football">Association football</a> club is founded in <a "/kiwi/Budapest" title="Budapest">Budapest</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/May_13" title="May 13">May 13</a> <a "/kiwi/Esporte_Clube_Vit%C3%B3ria" title="Esporte Clube Vitria">Esporte Clube Vitria</a> Association football club is founded in <a "/kiwi/Salvador,_Bahia" title="Salvador, Bahia">Salvador</a>, Brazil.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/May_14" title="May 14">May 14</a> Three times world champion <a "/kiwi/Club_Nacional_de_Football" title="Club Nacional de Football">Club Nacional de Football</a> is founded in <a "/kiwi/Montevideo" title="Montevideo">Montevideo</a>, <a "/kiwi/Uruguay" title="Uruguay">Uruguay</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/May_18" title="May 18">May 18</a> The <a "/kiwi/First_Hague_Peace_Conference" class="mw-redirect" title="First Hague Peace Conference">First Hague Peace Conference</a> is opened in <a "/kiwi/The_Hague" title="The Hague">The Hague</a> by Willem de Beaufort, <a "/kiwi/Minister_of_Foreign_Affairs_of_the_Netherlands" class="mw-redirect" title="Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands">Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/May_30" title="May 30">May 30</a> Female outlaw <a "/kiwi/Pearl_Hart" title="Pearl Hart">Pearl Hart</a> robs a stage coach 30 miles (48&nbsp;km) southeast of <a "/kiwi/Globe,_Arizona" title="Globe, Arizona">Globe, Arizona</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/May_31" title="May 31">May 31</a> Launch of the <a "/kiwi/Harriman_Alaska_Expedition" class="mw-redirect" title="Harriman Alaska Expedition">Harriman Alaska Expedition</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/June_12" title="June 12">June 12</a> The <a "/kiwi/1899_New_Richmond_tornado" title="1899 New Richmond tornado">New Richmond tornado</a> completely destroys the town of <a "/kiwi/New_Richmond,_Wisconsin" title="New Richmond, Wisconsin">New Richmond, Wisconsin</a>, killing 117 and injuring more than 200.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/June_17" title="June 17">June 17</a> <a "/kiwi/David_Hilbert" title="David Hilbert">David Hilbert</a> creates the modern concept of <a "/kiwi/Geometry" title="Geometry">geometry</a> with the publication of his book <i>Grundlagen der Geometrie</i>, released on this date at <a "/kiwi/G%C3%B6ttingen" title="Gttingen">Gttingen</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-3" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-3">[3]</a></sup></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/June_19" title="June 19">June 19</a> <a "/kiwi/Edward_Elgar" title="Edward Elgar">Edward Elgar</a>'s <i><a "/kiwi/Enigma_Variations" title="Enigma Variations">Enigma Variations</a></i> premiered in London.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/June_22" title="June 22">June 22</a><a "/kiwi/June_27" title="June 27">27</a> The highest ever recorded individual <a "/kiwi/Cricket" title="Cricket">cricket</a> score, 628 not out, is made by <a "/kiwi/A._E._J._Collins" title="A. E. J. Collins">A. E. J. Collins</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/June_25" title="June 25">June 25</a> Three <a "/kiwi/Denver" title="Denver">Denver</a> newspapers publish a story (later proved to be a fabrication) that the Chinese government under the <a "/kiwi/Guangxu_Emperor" title="Guangxu Emperor">Guangxu Emperor</a> is going to demolish the <a "/kiwi/Great_Wall_of_China" title="Great Wall of China">Great Wall of China</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/June_27" title="June 27">June 27</a> The <a "/kiwi/Paperclip" class="mw-redirect" title="Paperclip">paperclip</a> is patented by <a "/kiwi/Johan_Vaaler" title="Johan Vaaler">Johan Vaaler</a>, a Norwegian inventor.<sup id="cite_ref-4" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-4">[4]</a></sup></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/June_30" title="June 30">June 30</a> <i><a "/kiwi/Mile-a-Minute_Murphy" class="mw-redirect" title="Mile-a-Minute Murphy">Mile-a-Minute Murphy</a></i> earns his nickname after he becomes the first man to ride a bicycle for one mile (1.6&nbsp;km) in under a minute on <a "/kiwi/Long_Island" title="Long Island">Long Island</a>.</li>
</ul>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="July.E2.80.93September">JulySeptember</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=4" title="Edit section: JulySeptember">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/July_1" title="July 1">July 1</a> The <a "/kiwi/International_Council_of_Nurses" title="International Council of Nurses">International Council of Nurses</a> is founded in London at a meeting of the Matron's Council of Great Britain and Ireland.<sup id="cite_ref-5" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-5">[5]</a></sup></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/July_14" title="July 14">July 14</a> First <a "/kiwi/Republic_of_Acre" title="Republic of Acre">Republic of Acre</a> declared in South America.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/July_17" title="July 17">July 17</a>
<ul>
<li>America's first <a "/kiwi/Juvenile_court" title="Juvenile court">juvenile court</a> is established in Chicago.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/NEC_Corporation" class="mw-redirect" title="NEC Corporation">NEC Corporation</a> is organized as the first Japanese joint venture with foreign capital.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Battle_of_Togbao" title="Battle of Togbao">Battle of Togbao</a>: The French <a "/kiwi/Henri_Bretonnet" title="Henri Bretonnet">Bretonnet</a><a "/kiwi/Solomon_Braun" title="Solomon Braun">Braun</a> mission is destroyed in <a "/kiwi/Chad" title="Chad">Chad</a>, by the warlord <a "/kiwi/Rabih_az-Zubayr" title="Rabih az-Zubayr">Rabih az-Zubayr</a>.</li>
<li>The <a "/kiwi/Anglo-Japanese_Treaty_of_Commerce_and_Navigation" title="Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Commerce and Navigation">Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Commerce and Navigation</a> takes effect, ending <a "/kiwi/Extraterritoriality" title="Extraterritoriality">extraterritoriality</a> and the unequal status of Japan in foreign commerce.<sup id="cite_ref-6" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-6">[6]</a></sup></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/July_19" title="July 19">July 19</a> The <a "/kiwi/Newsboys%27_strike_of_1899" title="Newsboys' strike of 1899">Newsboys' strike</a> takes place when the Newsies of New York go on strike (until <a "/kiwi/August_2" title="August 2">August 2</a>).</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/July_27" title="July 27">July 27</a> Gold is discovered in <a "/kiwi/Nome,_Alaska" title="Nome, Alaska">Nome, Alaska</a>, leading to the <a "/kiwi/Nome_Gold_Rush" title="Nome Gold Rush">Nome Gold Rush</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-7" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-7">[7]</a></sup></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/July_29" title="July 29">July 29</a> The first Peace Conference ends with the signing of the <a "/kiwi/First_Hague_Convention" class="mw-redirect" title="First Hague Convention">First Hague Convention</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/July_30" title="July 30">July 30</a> The <a "/kiwi/Harriman_Alaska_Expedition" class="mw-redirect" title="Harriman Alaska Expedition">Harriman Alaska Expedition</a> ends successfully.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/August_3" title="August 3">August 3</a> The <a "/kiwi/John_Marshall_Law_School_(Chicago)" title="John Marshall Law School (Chicago)">John Marshall Law School</a> is founded in Chicago</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/August_10" title="August 10">August 10</a> <a "/kiwi/Marshall_Taylor" title="Marshall Taylor">Marshall "Major" Taylor</a> wins the world 1-mile (1.6&nbsp;km) professional cycling championship in <a "/kiwi/Montreal" title="Montreal">Montreal</a>, securing his place as the first <a "/kiwi/African_American" class="mw-redirect" title="African American">African American</a> world champion in any sport.<sup id="cite_ref-8" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-8">[8]</a></sup></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/August_17" title="August 17">August 17</a> The <a "/kiwi/1899_San_Ciriaco_hurricane" title="1899 San Ciriaco hurricane">San Ciriaco hurricane</a> makes landfall in <a "/kiwi/North_Carolina" title="North Carolina">North Carolina</a>'s <a "/kiwi/Outer_Banks" title="Outer Banks">Outer Banks</a>, completely destroying the town of <a "/kiwi/Diamond_City,_North_Carolina" title="Diamond City, North Carolina">Diamond City</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/August_28" title="August 28">August 28</a> At least 512 are killed when a debris hill from the <a "/kiwi/Sumitomo" class="mw-redirect" title="Sumitomo">Sumitomo</a> <a "/kiwi/Besshi_copper_mine" title="Besshi copper mine">Besshi copper mine</a> at <a "/kiwi/Niihama" class="mw-redirect" title="Niihama">Niihama</a>, <a "/kiwi/Shikoku" title="Shikoku">Shikoku</a>, Japan, collapses after heavy rain; 122 houses, a smelting factory, hospital and many other facilities are destroyed.<sup class="noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a "/kiwi/encarta2018.ga:Citation_needed" title="encarta2018.ga:Citation needed"><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (June 2008)">citation needed</span></a></i>]</sup></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/August_31" title="August 31">August 31</a> <a "/kiwi/Olympique_de_Marseille" title="Olympique de Marseille">Olympique de Marseille</a>, as well known for football club in <a "/kiwi/France" title="France">France</a>, founded.<sup class="noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a "/kiwi/encarta2018.ga:Citation_needed" title="encarta2018.ga:Citation needed"><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (November 2016)">citation needed</span></a></i>]</sup></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/September_6" title="September 6">September 6</a> The <a "/kiwi/White_Star_Line" title="White Star Line">White Star Line</a>'s <a "/kiwi/Transatlantic_crossing" title="Transatlantic crossing">transatlantic</a> <a "/kiwi/Ocean_liner" title="Ocean liner">ocean liner</a> <a "/kiwi/RMS_Oceanic_(1899)" title="RMS Oceanic (1899)">RMS <i>Oceanic</i></a> sails on her maiden voyage. At 17,272 <a "/kiwi/Gross_tons" class="mw-redirect" title="Gross tons">gross tons</a> and 704&nbsp;ft (215&nbsp;m), she is the largest ship afloat, following scrapping of the <a "/kiwi/SS_Great_Eastern" title="SS Great Eastern">SS&nbsp;<i>Great Eastern</i></a> a decade earlier.<sup id="cite_ref-9" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-9">[9]</a></sup></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/September_13" title="September 13">September 13</a> <a "/kiwi/Halford_Mackinder" title="Halford Mackinder">Mackinder</a>, Ollier and Brocherel make the first ascent of Batian (5,199 m 17,058&nbsp;ft), the highest peak of <a "/kiwi/Mount_Kenya" title="Mount Kenya">Mount Kenya</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/September_18" title="September 18">September 18</a> <a "/kiwi/Scott_Joplin" title="Scott Joplin">Scott Joplin</a>'s <i><a "/kiwi/Maple_Leaf_Rag" title="Maple Leaf Rag">Maple Leaf Rag</a></i> is registered for copyright as <a "/kiwi/Ragtime" title="Ragtime">ragtime</a> music enjoys mainstream popularity in the United States.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/September_19" title="September 19">September 19</a> <a "/kiwi/Alfred_Dreyfus" title="Alfred Dreyfus">Alfred Dreyfus</a> is pardoned in France.</li>
</ul>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="October.E2.80.93December">OctoberDecember</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=5" title="Edit section: OctoberDecember">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<ul>
<li>The <a "/kiwi/Duke_of_York_Island_(Antarctica)" title="Duke of York Island (Antarctica)">Duke of York Island</a> outside <a "/kiwi/Antarctica" title="Antarctica">Antarctica</a> is discovered by the British <a "/kiwi/Southern_Cross_Expedition" title="Southern Cross Expedition">Southern Cross Expedition</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/October_11" title="October 11">October 11</a> The <a "/kiwi/Second_Boer_War" title="Second Boer War">Second Boer War</a>: In South Africa, a war between the United Kingdom and the <a "/kiwi/Boer" title="Boer">Boers</a> of the <a "/kiwi/South_African_Republic" title="South African Republic">Transvaal</a> and <a "/kiwi/Orange_Free_State" title="Orange Free State">Orange Free State</a> erupts.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/October_13" title="October 13">October 13</a> Second Boer War: <a "/kiwi/Siege_of_Mafeking" title="Siege of Mafeking">Siege of Mafeking</a> begins.</li>
<li>October 14 Second Boer War: <a "/kiwi/Kimberley,_Northern_Cape" title="Kimberley, Northern Cape">Kimberley</a> comes under <a "/kiwi/Siege_of_Kimberley" title="Siege of Kimberley">siege</a> by the <a "/kiwi/Boer" title="Boer">Boers</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/October_20" title="October 20">October 20</a> Second Boer War: <a "/kiwi/Battle_of_Talana_Hill" title="Battle of Talana Hill">Battle of Talana Hill</a>: In the first major clash of the conflict, near <a "/kiwi/Dundee,_KwaZulu-Natal" title="Dundee, KwaZulu-Natal">Dundee, Natal</a>, the <a "/kiwi/British_Army" title="British Army">British Army</a> drives the Boers from a hilltop position, but with heavy casualties, including their commanding general Sir <a "/kiwi/Penn_Symons" title="Penn Symons">Penn Symons</a>.</li>
<li>October 30 Second Boer War: The <a "/kiwi/Siege_of_Ladysmith" title="Siege of Ladysmith">Siege of Ladysmith</a> begins.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/October_30" title="October 30">October 30</a> The Augusta High School Building is completed in <a "/kiwi/Augusta,_Kentucky" title="Augusta, Kentucky">Augusta, Kentucky</a>; <a "/kiwi/Augusta_Methodist_College" class="mw-redirect" title="Augusta Methodist College">Augusta Methodist College</a> shuts down.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/November_4" title="November 4">November 4</a> The <a "/kiwi/Alpha_Sigma_Tau" title="Alpha Sigma Tau">Alpha Sigma Tau</a> Sorority is founded in <a "/kiwi/Ypsilanti,_Michigan" title="Ypsilanti, Michigan">Ypsilanti, Michigan</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/November_8" title="November 8">November 8</a> The <a "/kiwi/Wildlife_Conservation_Society" title="Wildlife Conservation Society">New York Zoological Society</a> opens the <a "/kiwi/Bronx_Zoo" title="Bronx Zoo">Bronx Zoological Park</a> to the public in New York City.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/November_15" title="November 15">November 15</a> The <a "/kiwi/American_Line" title="American Line">American Line</a>'s <a "/kiwi/SS_St._Paul" class="mw-redirect" title="SS St. Paul">SS&nbsp;<i>St. Paul</i></a> becomes the first <a "/kiwi/Ocean_liner" title="Ocean liner">ocean liner</a> to report her imminent arrival by <a "/kiwi/Wireless_telegraphy" title="Wireless telegraphy">wireless telegraphy</a> when <a "/kiwi/Guglielmo_Marconi" title="Guglielmo Marconi">Marconi</a>'s station at <a "/kiwi/The_Needles" title="The Needles">The Needles</a> contacts her 66 nautical miles (122&nbsp;km) off the coast of England.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/November_24" title="November 24">November 24</a> <a "/kiwi/Mahdist_War" title="Mahdist War">Mahdist War</a>: Decisive British and <a "/kiwi/Egypt" title="Egypt">Egyptian</a> victory at the <a "/kiwi/Battle_of_Umm_Diwaykarat" title="Battle of Umm Diwaykarat">Battle of Umm Diwaykarat</a> ends the war in <a "/kiwi/Sudan" title="Sudan">Sudan</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/November_29" title="November 29">November 29</a> The <a "/kiwi/FC_Barcelona" title="FC Barcelona">FC Barcelona</a> <a "/kiwi/Association_football" title="Association football">Association football</a> club is founded.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/December_2" title="December 2">December 2</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Philippine%E2%80%93American_War" title="PhilippineAmerican War">PhilippineAmerican War</a> <a "/kiwi/Battle_of_Tirad_Pass" title="Battle of Tirad Pass">Battle of Tirad Pass</a> ("The Filipino Thermopylae"): General <a "/kiwi/Gregorio_del_Pilar" title="Gregorio del Pilar">Gregorio del Pilar</a> and his troops are able to guard the retreat of Philippine President <a "/kiwi/Emilio_Aguinaldo" title="Emilio Aguinaldo">Emilio Aguinaldo</a> before being wiped out.</li>
<li>During the <a "/kiwi/New_moon" title="New moon">new moon</a>, a near-grand <a "/kiwi/Conjunction_(astronomy)" title="Conjunction (astronomy)">conjunction</a> of the <a "/kiwi/Classical_planet" title="Classical planet">classical planets</a> and several <a "/kiwi/Binoculars" title="Binoculars">binocular</a> <a "/kiwi/Solar_System" title="Solar System">Solar System</a> bodies occur. The Sun, Moon, <a "/kiwi/Mercury_(planet)" title="Mercury (planet)">Mercury</a>, <a "/kiwi/Mars" title="Mars">Mars</a> and <a "/kiwi/Saturn" title="Saturn">Saturn</a> are all within 15 of each other, with <a "/kiwi/Venus" title="Venus">Venus</a> 5 ahead of this conjunction and <a "/kiwi/Jupiter" title="Jupiter">Jupiter</a> 15 behind. Accompanying the classical planets in this grand conjunction are <a "/kiwi/Uranus" title="Uranus">Uranus</a> (technically visible unaided in <a "/kiwi/Air_pollution" title="Air pollution">pollution</a>-free skies), <a "/kiwi/Ceres_(dwarf_planet)" title="Ceres (dwarf planet)">Ceres</a> and <a "/kiwi/2_Pallas" title="2 Pallas">Pallas</a>.</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/December_10" title="December 10">December 10</a>
<ul>
<li>4-month-old <a "/kiwi/Sobhuza_II" title="Sobhuza II">Sobhuza II</a> begins his 82-year reign as <a "/kiwi/King_of_Swaziland" class="mw-redirect" title="King of Swaziland">King of Swaziland</a> on the death of his father, <a "/kiwi/Ngwane_V" title="Ngwane V">Ngwane V</a>; his grandmother <a "/kiwi/Labotsibeni_Mdluli" title="Labotsibeni Mdluli">Labotsibeni Mdluli</a> serves as queen regent.</li>
<li>College fraternity <a "/kiwi/Delta_Sigma_Phi" title="Delta Sigma Phi">Delta Sigma Phi</a> is founded at the <a "/kiwi/City_College_of_New_York" title="City College of New York">City College of New York</a> by <a "/w/index.php?title=Charles_A._Tonsor_Jr.&amp;action=edit&amp;redlink=1" class="new" title="Charles A. Tonsor Jr. (page does not exist)">Charles A. Tonsor Jr.</a> &amp; <a "/w/index.php?title=Meyer_Boskey&amp;action=edit&amp;redlink=1" class="new" title="Meyer Boskey (page does not exist)">Meyer Boskey</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/December_11" title="December 11">December 11</a> Second Boer War: In the <a "/kiwi/Battle_of_Magersfontein" title="Battle of Magersfontein">Battle of Magersfontein</a>, Boers defeat the forces of the British Empire trying to relieve the <a "/kiwi/Siege_of_Kimberley" title="Siege of Kimberley">Siege of Kimberley</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/December_15" title="December 15">December 15</a> <a "/kiwi/Glasgow_School_of_Art" title="Glasgow School of Art">Glasgow School of Art</a> opens its new building, the most notable work of Scottish architect <a "/kiwi/Charles_Rennie_Mackintosh" title="Charles Rennie Mackintosh">Charles Rennie Mackintosh</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-10" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-10">[10]</a></sup></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/December_16" title="December 16">December 16</a>
<ul>
<li>The <a "/kiwi/Association_football" title="Association football">Association football</a> club <a "/kiwi/A.C._Milan" title="A.C. Milan">A.C. Milan</a> is founded in Italy.</li>
<li>Augusta High School in <a "/kiwi/Augusta,_Kentucky" title="Augusta, Kentucky">Augusta, Kentucky</a>, burns down due to a heating plant failure.</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/December_31" title="December 31">December 31</a> A large standing stone at <a "/kiwi/Stonehenge" title="Stonehenge">Stonehenge</a> falls over, the most recent time this has happened.</li>
</ul>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Date_unknown">Date unknown</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=6" title="Edit section: Date unknown">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<ul>
<li>The significance of Chinese <a "/kiwi/Oracle_bone" title="Oracle bone">oracle bones</a> is discovered.</li>
<li>The <a "/kiwi/North_Carolina_General_Assembly" title="North Carolina General Assembly">North Carolina General Assembly</a> incorporates the town of <a "/kiwi/Manteo,_North_Carolina" title="Manteo, North Carolina">Manteo</a>, which was originally laid out as the <a "/kiwi/Dare_County,_North_Carolina" title="Dare County, North Carolina">Dare</a> county seat in <a "/kiwi/1870" title="1870">1870</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Riro_K%C4%81inga" title="Riro Kinga">Riro</a>, last of the <a "/kiwi/Kings_of_Easter_Island" title="Kings of Easter Island">Kings of Easter Island</a>, on a visit to <a "/kiwi/Valpara%C3%ADso" title="Valparaso">Valparaso</a>, <a "/kiwi/Chile" title="Chile">Chile</a>, dies either from alcohol poisoning or an assassination plot by the Chilean government.<sup id="cite_ref-11" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-11">[11]</a></sup></li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Oxo_(food)" title="Oxo (food)">Oxo</a> <a "/kiwi/Bouillon_cube" title="Bouillon cube">beef stock cubes</a> introduced by <a "/kiwi/Liebig%27s_Extract_of_Meat_Company" title="Liebig's Extract of Meat Company">Liebig's Extract of Meat Company</a>.</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Alfred_R._Tucker" class="mw-redirect" title="Alfred R. Tucker">Alfred R. Tucker</a> becomes <a "/kiwi/Bishop_of_Uganda" class="mw-redirect" title="Bishop of Uganda">Bishop of Uganda</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-WDL_12-0" class="reference"><a "#cite_note-WDL-12">[12]</a></sup></li>
<li>German company <a "/kiwi/Miele" title="Miele">Miele</a> is founded.</li>
</ul>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Births">Births</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=7" title="Edit section: Births">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="January">January</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=8" title="Edit section: January">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_1" title="January 1">January 1</a> <a "/kiwi/Jack_Beresford" title="Jack Beresford">Jack Beresford</a>, British Olympic rower (d. <a "/kiwi/1977" title="1977">1977</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_6" title="January 6">January 6</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Alphonse_Castex" title="Alphonse Castex">Alphonse Castex</a>, French rugby union player (d. <a "/kiwi/1969" title="1969">1969</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Heinrich_Nordhoff" title="Heinrich Nordhoff">Heinrich Nordhoff</a>, German automotive engineer (d. <a "/kiwi/1968" title="1968">1968</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_7" title="January 7">January 7</a> <a "/kiwi/Francis_Poulenc" title="Francis Poulenc">Francis Poulenc</a>, French composer (d. <a "/kiwi/1963" title="1963">1963</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_11" title="January 11">January 11</a> <a "/kiwi/Eva_Le_Gallienne" title="Eva Le Gallienne">Eva Le Gallienne</a>, English actress (d. <a "/kiwi/1991" title="1991">1991</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_12" title="January 12">January 12</a> <a "/kiwi/Paul_Hermann_M%C3%BCller" title="Paul Hermann Mller">Paul Hermann Mller</a>, Swiss chemist, recipient of the <a "/kiwi/Nobel_Prize_in_Physiology_or_Medicine" title="Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine">Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine</a> (d. <a "/kiwi/1965" title="1965">1965</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_14" title="January 14">January 14</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Fritz_Bayerlein" title="Fritz Bayerlein">Fritz Bayerlein</a>, German general (d. <a "/kiwi/1970" title="1970">1970</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Carlos_Romulo" class="mw-redirect" title="Carlos Romulo">Carlos Romulo</a>, Filipino diplomat (d. <a "/kiwi/1985" title="1985">1985</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_15" title="January 15">January 15</a> <a "/kiwi/Goodman_Ace" title="Goodman Ace">Goodman Ace</a>, American actor, comedian, and writer (d. <a "/kiwi/1982" title="1982">1982</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_17" title="January 17">January 17</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Al_Capone" title="Al Capone">Al Capone</a>, American gangster (d. <a "/kiwi/1947" title="1947">1947</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Nevil_Shute" title="Nevil Shute">Nevil Shute</a>, English author (d. <a "/kiwi/1960" title="1960">1960</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_20" title="January 20">January 20</a> <a "/kiwi/Kenjiro_Takayanagi" title="Kenjiro Takayanagi">Kenjiro Takayanagi</a>, Japanese television development pioneer (d. <a "/kiwi/1990" title="1990">1990</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_21" title="January 21">January 21</a> Dr <a "/kiwi/John_Bodkin_Adams" title="John Bodkin Adams">John Bodkin Adams</a>, suspected British serial killer (d. <a "/kiwi/1983" title="1983">1983</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_23" title="January 23">January 23</a> <a "/kiwi/Alfred_Denning,_Baron_Denning" title="Alfred Denning, Baron Denning">Alfred Denning, Baron Denning</a>, English lawyer, judge and <a "/kiwi/Master_of_the_Rolls" title="Master of the Rolls">Master of the Rolls</a> (d. <a "/kiwi/1999" title="1999">1999</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_30" title="January 30">January 30</a> <a "/kiwi/Max_Theiler" title="Max Theiler">Max Theiler</a>, South African virologist, recipient of the <a "/kiwi/Nobel_Prize_in_Physiology_or_Medicine" title="Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine">Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine</a> (d. <a "/kiwi/1972" title="1972">1972</a>)</li>
</ul>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="February">February</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=9" title="Edit section: February">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:102px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Ramon_Novarro_photograph.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/2/28/Ramon_Novarro_photograph.jpg/100px-Ramon_Novarro_photograph.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/2/28/Ramon_Novarro_photograph.jpg/150px-Ramon_Novarro_photograph.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/2/28/Ramon_Novarro_photograph.jpg/200px-Ramon_Novarro_photograph.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1000" data-file-height="1409" width="100" height="141"></a>
<div class="thumbcaption">
<div class="magnify"><a "/kiwi/File:Ramon_Novarro_photograph.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>
<a "/kiwi/Ramon_Novarro" title="Ramon Novarro">Ramon Novarro</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:102px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Erich_K%C3%A4stner_1961.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/5/52/Erich_K%C3%A4stner_1961.jpg/100px-Erich_K%C3%A4stner_1961.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/5/52/Erich_K%C3%A4stner_1961.jpg/150px-Erich_K%C3%A4stner_1961.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/5/52/Erich_K%C3%A4stner_1961.jpg/200px-Erich_K%C3%A4stner_1961.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1595" data-file-height="2173" width="100" height="136"></a>
<div class="thumbcaption">
<div class="magnify"><a "/kiwi/File:Erich_K%C3%A4stner_1961.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>
<a "/kiwi/Erich_K%C3%A4stner" title="Erich Kstner">Erich Kstner</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_2" title="February 2">February 2</a> <a "/kiwi/Herbie_Faye" title="Herbie Faye">Herbie Faye</a>, American actor (d. <a "/kiwi/1980" title="1980">1980</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_3" title="February 3">February 3</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Doris_Speed" title="Doris Speed">Doris Speed</a>, British actress (d. <a "/kiwi/1994" title="1994">1994</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Lao_She" title="Lao She">Lao She</a>, Chinese author (d. <a "/kiwi/1966" title="1966">1966</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_6" title="February 6">February 6</a> <a "/kiwi/Ramon_Novarro" title="Ramon Novarro">Ramon Novarro</a>, Mexican actor (d. <a "/kiwi/1968" title="1968">1968</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_7" title="February 7">February 7</a> <a "/kiwi/Earl_Whitehill" title="Earl Whitehill">Earl Whitehill</a>, American baseball player (d. <a "/kiwi/1954" title="1954">1954</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_15" title="February 15">February 15</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Georges_Auric" title="Georges Auric">Georges Auric</a>, French composer (d. <a "/kiwi/1983" title="1983">1983</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Gale_Sondergaard" title="Gale Sondergaard">Gale Sondergaard</a>, American actress (d. <a "/kiwi/1985" title="1985">1985</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_17" title="February 17">February 17</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Jibanananda_Das" title="Jibanananda Das">Jibanananda Das</a>, Indian poet, writer, novelist and essayist in <a "/kiwi/Bengali_language" title="Bengali language">Bengali</a> (d. <a "/kiwi/1954" title="1954">1954</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Leo_Najo" title="Leo Najo">Leo Najo</a>, American baseball player (d. <a "/kiwi/1978" title="1978">1978</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_19" title="February 19">February 19</a> <a "/kiwi/Ehrenfried_Pfeiffer" title="Ehrenfried Pfeiffer">Ehrenfried Pfeiffer</a>, German scientist (d. <a "/kiwi/1961" title="1961">1961</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_22" title="February 22">February 22</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Joseph_Le_Brix" title="Joseph Le Brix">Joseph Le Brix</a>, French aviator and naval officer (d. <a "/kiwi/1931" title="1931">1931</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/George_O%27Hara_(actor)" title="George O'Hara (actor)">George O'Hara</a>, American actor (d. <a "/kiwi/1966" title="1966">1966</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Ian_Clunies_Ross" title="Ian Clunies Ross">Ian Clunies Ross</a>, Australian scientist (d. <a "/kiwi/1959" title="1959">1959</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Dechko_Uzunov" title="Dechko Uzunov">Dechko Uzunov</a>, Bulgarian painter (d. <a "/kiwi/1986" title="1986">1986</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_23" title="February 23">February 23</a> <a "/kiwi/Erich_K%C3%A4stner" title="Erich Kstner">Erich Kstner</a>, German writer (d. <a "/kiwi/1974" title="1974">1974</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_26" title="February 26">February 26</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Alec_Campbell" title="Alec Campbell">Alec Campbell</a>, Australian WWI soldier, last Australian Gallipoli veteran (d. <a "/kiwi/2002" title="2002">2002</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Max_Petitpierre" title="Max Petitpierre">Max Petitpierre</a>, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. <a "/kiwi/1994" title="1994">1994</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_27" title="February 27">February 27</a> <a "/kiwi/Charles_Herbert_Best" class="mw-redirect" title="Charles Herbert Best">Charles Best</a>, Canadian medical scientist (d. <a "/kiwi/1978" title="1978">1978</a>)</li>
</ul>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="March">March</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=10" title="Edit section: March">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:102px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Gloria_Swanson_photograph.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/e/e8/Gloria_Swanson_photograph.jpg/100px-Gloria_Swanson_photograph.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/e/e8/Gloria_Swanson_photograph.jpg/150px-Gloria_Swanson_photograph.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/e/e8/Gloria_Swanson_photograph.jpg/200px-Gloria_Swanson_photograph.jpg 2x" data-file-width="800" data-file-height="1024" width="100" height="128"></a>
<div class="thumbcaption">
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<a "/kiwi/Gloria_Swanson" title="Gloria Swanson">Gloria Swanson</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_4" title="March 4">March 4</a> <a "/kiwi/Harry_R._Wellman" title="Harry R. Wellman">Harry R. Wellman</a>, <a "/kiwi/University_of_California" title="University of California">University of California</a> president (d. <a "/kiwi/1997" title="1997">1997</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_8" title="March 8">March 8</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Eric_Linklater" title="Eric Linklater">Eric Linklater</a>, American author (d. <a "/kiwi/1974" title="1974">1974</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Elmer_Keith" title="Elmer Keith">Elmer Keith</a>, American rancher, author, firearms enthusiast (d. <a "/kiwi/1984" title="1984">1984</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_11" title="March 11">March 11</a> King <a "/kiwi/Frederick_IX_of_Denmark" title="Frederick IX of Denmark">Frederick IX of Denmark</a> (d. <a "/kiwi/1972" title="1972">1972</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_13" title="March 13">March 13</a> <a "/kiwi/John_Hasbrouck_Van_Vleck" title="John Hasbrouck Van Vleck">John Hasbrouck Van Vleck</a>, American physicist, <a "/kiwi/Nobel_Prize_in_Physics" title="Nobel Prize in Physics">Nobel Prize</a> laureate (d. <a "/kiwi/1980" title="1980">1980</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_18" title="March 18">March 18</a> <a "/kiwi/Jean_Goldkette" title="Jean Goldkette">Jean Goldkette</a>, French-born musician (d. <a "/kiwi/1962" title="1962">1962</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_24" title="March 24">March 24</a> <a "/kiwi/Dorothy_C._Stratton" title="Dorothy C. Stratton">Dorothy C. Stratton</a>, American director of the SPARS during World War II (d. <a "/kiwi/2006" title="2006">2006</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_27" title="March 27">March 27</a> <a "/kiwi/Gloria_Swanson" title="Gloria Swanson">Gloria Swanson</a>, American actress (d. <a "/kiwi/1983" title="1983">1983</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_28" title="March 28">March 28</a> <a "/kiwi/August_Anheuser_Busch,_Jr." class="mw-redirect" title="August Anheuser Busch, Jr.">August Anheuser Busch, Jr.</a>, Founder of Anheuser-Busch brewery company (d. <a "/kiwi/1989" title="1989">1989</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_28" title="March 28">March 28</a> <a "/kiwi/Harold_B._Lee" title="Harold B. Lee">Harold B. Lee</a>, eleventh president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. <a "/kiwi/1973" title="1973">1973</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_29" title="March 29">March 29</a> <a "/kiwi/Lavrentiy_Beria" title="Lavrentiy Beria">Lavrentiy Beria</a>, Soviet official (d. <a "/kiwi/1953" title="1953">1953</a>)</li>
</ul>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="April">April</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=11" title="Edit section: April">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:102px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Walter_Lantz_1990_photo_D_Ramey_Logan.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/7/7b/Walter_Lantz_1990_photo_D_Ramey_Logan.jpg/100px-Walter_Lantz_1990_photo_D_Ramey_Logan.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/7/7b/Walter_Lantz_1990_photo_D_Ramey_Logan.jpg/150px-Walter_Lantz_1990_photo_D_Ramey_Logan.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/7/7b/Walter_Lantz_1990_photo_D_Ramey_Logan.jpg/200px-Walter_Lantz_1990_photo_D_Ramey_Logan.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1263" data-file-height="998" width="100" height="79"></a>
<div class="thumbcaption">
<div class="magnify"><a "/kiwi/File:Walter_Lantz_1990_photo_D_Ramey_Logan.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>
<a "/kiwi/Walter_Lantz" title="Walter Lantz">Walter Lantz</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:102px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Duke_Ellington_restored.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/4/4b/Duke_Ellington_restored.jpg/100px-Duke_Ellington_restored.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/4/4b/Duke_Ellington_restored.jpg/150px-Duke_Ellington_restored.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/4/4b/Duke_Ellington_restored.jpg/200px-Duke_Ellington_restored.jpg 2x" data-file-width="574" data-file-height="804" width="100" height="140"></a>
<div class="thumbcaption">
<div class="magnify"><a "/kiwi/File:Duke_Ellington_restored.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>
<a "/kiwi/Duke_Ellington" title="Duke Ellington">Duke Ellington</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/April_1" title="April 1">April 1</a> <a "/kiwi/Gustavs_Celmi%C5%86%C5%A1" title="Gustavs Celmi">Gustavs Celmi</a>, Latvian fascist leader (d. <a "/kiwi/1968" title="1968">1968</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/April_3" title="April 3">April 3</a> <a "/kiwi/Maria_Redaelli-Granoli" class="mw-redirect" title="Maria Redaelli-Granoli">Maria Redaelli-Granoli</a>, Italian supercentenarian, oldest person in Europe (d. <a "/kiwi/2013" title="2013">2013</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/April_4" title="April 4">April 4</a> <a "/kiwi/Hillel_Oppenheimer" title="Hillel Oppenheimer">Hillel Oppenheimer</a>, German-born Israeli botanist (d. <a "/kiwi/1971" title="1971">1971</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/April_5" title="April 5">April 5</a> <a "/kiwi/Elsie_Thompson" class="mw-redirect" title="Elsie Thompson">Elsie Thompson</a>, American supercentenarian (d. 2013)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/April_7" title="April 7">April 7</a> <a "/kiwi/Robert_Casadesus" title="Robert Casadesus">Robert Casadesus</a>, French pianist (d. <a "/kiwi/1972" title="1972">1972</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/April_9" title="April 9">April 9</a> <a "/kiwi/Hans_Jeschonnek" title="Hans Jeschonnek">Hans Jeschonnek</a>, German general (d. <a "/kiwi/1943" title="1943">1943</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/April_16" title="April 16">April 16</a> <a "/kiwi/Osman_Achmatowicz" title="Osman Achmatowicz">Osman Achmatowicz</a>, Polish chemist (d. <a "/kiwi/1988" title="1988">1988</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/April_20" title="April 20">April 20</a> <a "/kiwi/Alan_Arnett_McLeod" title="Alan Arnett McLeod">Alan Arnett McLeod</a>, Canadian soldier (d. <a "/kiwi/1918" title="1918">1918</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/April_21" title="April 21">April 21</a> <a "/kiwi/Percy_Lavon_Julian" title="Percy Lavon Julian">Percy Lavon Julian</a>, American scientist (d. <a "/kiwi/1975" title="1975">1975</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/April_22" title="April 22">April 22</a> <a "/kiwi/Vladimir_Nabokov" title="Vladimir Nabokov">Vladimir Nabokov</a>, Russian-born writer (d. <a "/kiwi/1977" title="1977">1977</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/April_23" title="April 23">April 23</a> <a "/kiwi/Bertil_Ohlin" title="Bertil Ohlin">Bertil Ohlin</a>, Swedish economist, <a "/kiwi/Nobel_Memorial_Prize_in_Economic_Sciences" title="Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences">Nobel Prize</a> laureate (d. <a "/kiwi/1979" title="1979">1979</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/April_24" title="April 24">April 24</a> <a "/kiwi/Oscar_Zariski" title="Oscar Zariski">Oscar Zariski</a>, Russian mathematician (d. <a "/kiwi/1986" title="1986">1986</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/April_27" title="April 27">April 27</a> <a "/kiwi/Walter_Lantz" title="Walter Lantz">Walter Lantz</a>, American animator and creator of <a "/kiwi/Woody_Woodpecker" title="Woody Woodpecker">Woody Woodpecker</a> (d. <a "/kiwi/1994" title="1994">1994</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/April_29" title="April 29">April 29</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Duke_Ellington" title="Duke Ellington">Duke Ellington</a>, American jazz musician, bandleader (d. <a "/kiwi/1974" title="1974">1974</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Mary_Petty" title="Mary Petty">Mary Petty</a>, American illustrator (d. <a "/kiwi/1976" title="1976">1976</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
</ul>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="May">May</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=12" title="Edit section: May">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:102px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Astaire,_Fred_-_Never_Get_Rich.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/6/69/Astaire%2C_Fred_-_Never_Get_Rich.jpg/100px-Astaire%2C_Fred_-_Never_Get_Rich.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/6/69/Astaire%2C_Fred_-_Never_Get_Rich.jpg/150px-Astaire%2C_Fred_-_Never_Get_Rich.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/6/69/Astaire%2C_Fred_-_Never_Get_Rich.jpg/200px-Astaire%2C_Fred_-_Never_Get_Rich.jpg 2x" data-file-width="473" data-file-height="595" width="100" height="126"></a>
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<a "/kiwi/Fred_Astaire" title="Fred Astaire">Fred Astaire</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:102px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Suzanne_Lenglen_02.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
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<a "/kiwi/Suzanne_Lenglen" title="Suzanne Lenglen">Suzanne Lenglen</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/May_3" title="May 3">May 3</a> <a "/kiwi/Aline_MacMahon" title="Aline MacMahon">Aline MacMahon</a>, American actress (d. <a "/kiwi/1991" title="1991">1991</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/May_6" title="May 6">May 6</a> <a "/kiwi/Billy_Cotton" title="Billy Cotton">Billy Cotton</a>, British entertainer and bandleader (d. <a "/kiwi/1969" title="1969">1969</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/May_8" title="May 8">May 8</a> <a "/kiwi/Friedrich_Hayek" title="Friedrich Hayek">Friedrich Hayek</a>, Austrian economist, <a "/kiwi/Nobel_Prize_in_Economics" class="mw-redirect" title="Nobel Prize in Economics">Nobel Prize</a> laureate (d. <a "/kiwi/1992" title="1992">1992</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/May_10" title="May 10">May 10</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Fred_Astaire" title="Fred Astaire">Fred Astaire</a>, American singer, dancer, and actor (d. <a "/kiwi/1987" title="1987">1987</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Dimitri_Tiomkin" title="Dimitri Tiomkin">Dimitri Tiomkin</a>, Ukrainian-born composer (d. <a "/kiwi/1979" title="1979">1979</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/May_12" title="May 12">May 12</a> <a "/kiwi/Indra_Devi" title="Indra Devi">Indra Devi</a>, Baltic-born yogi and actress (d. <a "/kiwi/2002" title="2002">2002</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/May_15" title="May 15">May 15</a> <a "/kiwi/Jean-%C3%89tienne_Valluy" class="mw-redirect" title="Jean-tienne Valluy">Jean-tienne Valluy</a>, French general (d. <a "/kiwi/1970" title="1970">1970</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/May_17" title="May 17">May 17</a> <a "/kiwi/Carmen_de_Icaza" title="Carmen de Icaza">Carmen de Icaza</a>, Spanish writer (d. <a "/kiwi/1979" title="1979">1979</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/May_20" title="May 20">May 20</a> <a "/kiwi/John_Marshall_Harlan_II" title="John Marshall Harlan II">John Marshall Harlan II</a>, <a "/kiwi/Associate_Justice_of_the_Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States" title="Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States">Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States</a> (d. <a "/kiwi/1971" title="1971">1971</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/May_23" title="May 23">May 23</a> <a "/kiwi/Jeralean_Talley" title="Jeralean Talley">Jeralean Talley</a>, American supercentenarian (d. <a "/kiwi/2015" title="2015">2015</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/May_24" title="May 24">May 24</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Suzanne_Lenglen" title="Suzanne Lenglen">Suzanne Lenglen</a>, French tennis player (d. <a "/kiwi/1938" title="1938">1938</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Kazi_Nazrul_Islam" title="Kazi Nazrul Islam">Kazi Nazrul Islam</a>, <a "/kiwi/Bangladesh" title="Bangladesh">Bangladeshi</a> National poet (d. 1976)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/May_30" title="May 30">May 30</a> <a "/kiwi/Irving_Thalberg" title="Irving Thalberg">Irving Thalberg</a>, American film producer (d. <a "/kiwi/1936" title="1936">1936</a>)</li>
</ul>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="June">June</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=13" title="Edit section: June">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:102px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Portrait_of_Fritz_Albert_Lipmann_(1899-1986),_Biochemist_(2551001689).jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/a/a3/Portrait_of_Fritz_Albert_Lipmann_%281899-1986%29%2C_Biochemist_%282551001689%29.jpg/100px-Portrait_of_Fritz_Albert_Lipmann_%281899-1986%29%2C_Biochemist_%282551001689%29.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/a/a3/Portrait_of_Fritz_Albert_Lipmann_%281899-1986%29%2C_Biochemist_%282551001689%29.jpg/150px-Portrait_of_Fritz_Albert_Lipmann_%281899-1986%29%2C_Biochemist_%282551001689%29.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/a/a3/Portrait_of_Fritz_Albert_Lipmann_%281899-1986%29%2C_Biochemist_%282551001689%29.jpg/200px-Portrait_of_Fritz_Albert_Lipmann_%281899-1986%29%2C_Biochemist_%282551001689%29.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1733" data-file-height="2266" width="100" height="131"></a>
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<a "/kiwi/Fritz_Albert_Lipmann" title="Fritz Albert Lipmann">Fritz Albert Lipmann</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/June_1" title="June 1">June 1</a> <a "/kiwi/Edward_Charles_Titchmarsh" title="Edward Charles Titchmarsh">Edward Charles Titchmarsh</a>, British mathematician (d. <a "/kiwi/1963" title="1963">1963</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/June_2" title="June 2">June 2</a> <a "/kiwi/Lotte_Reiniger" title="Lotte Reiniger">Lotte Reiniger</a>, German-born silhouette animator (d. <a "/kiwi/1981" title="1981">1981</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/June_3" title="June 3">June 3</a> <a "/kiwi/Georg_von_B%C3%A9k%C3%A9sy" title="Georg von Bksy">Georg von Bksy</a>, Hungarian biophysicist, recipient of the <a "/kiwi/Nobel_Prize_in_Physiology_or_Medicine" title="Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine">Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine</a> (d. <a "/kiwi/1972" title="1972">1972</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/June_4" title="June 4">June 4</a> <a "/kiwi/Arthur_Barker" title="Arthur Barker">Arthur Barker</a>, American criminal, son of <a "/kiwi/Ma_Barker" title="Ma Barker">Ma Barker</a> (d. <a "/kiwi/1939" title="1939">1939</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/June_12" title="June 12">June 12</a> <a "/kiwi/Fritz_Albert_Lipmann" title="Fritz Albert Lipmann">Fritz Albert Lipmann</a>, American biochemist, recipient of the <a "/kiwi/Nobel_Prize_in_Physiology_or_Medicine" title="Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine">Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine</a> (d. <a "/kiwi/1986" title="1986">1986</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/June_13" title="June 13">June 13</a> <a "/kiwi/Carlos_Ch%C3%A1vez" title="Carlos Chvez">Carlos Chvez</a>, Mexican composer (d. <a "/kiwi/1978" title="1978">1978</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/June_14" title="June 14">June 14</a> <a "/kiwi/Yasunari_Kawabata" title="Yasunari Kawabata">Yasunari Kawabata</a>, Japanese writer, <a "/kiwi/Nobel_Prize_in_Literature" title="Nobel Prize in Literature">Nobel Prize</a> laureate (d. <a "/kiwi/1972" title="1972">1972</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/June_16" title="June 16">June 16</a> <a "/kiwi/Helen_Traubel" title="Helen Traubel">Helen Traubel</a>, American soprano (d. <a "/kiwi/1972" title="1972">1972</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/June_18" title="June 18">June 18</a> <a "/kiwi/John_Warburton_(actor)" title="John Warburton (actor)">John Warburton</a>, British actor (d. <a "/kiwi/1981" title="1981">1981</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/June_26" title="June 26">June 26</a> <a "/kiwi/Grand_Duchess_Maria_Nikolaevna_of_Russia_(1899%E2%80%931918)" title="Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (18991918)">Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia</a> (d. <a "/kiwi/1918" title="1918">1918</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/June_27" title="June 27">June 27</a> <a "/kiwi/Juan_Trippe" title="Juan Trippe">Juan Trippe</a>, American airline entrepreneur and pioneer (d. <a "/kiwi/1981" title="1981">1981</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/June_29" title="June 29">June 29</a> <a "/kiwi/Edward_Twining" title="Edward Twining">Edward Twining</a>, British diplomat, formerly Governor of North Borneo[1] and Governor of Tanganyika (d. <a "/kiwi/1967" title="1967">1967</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/June_30" title="June 30">June 30</a> <a "/kiwi/Harry_Shields" title="Harry Shields">Harry Shields</a>, American jazz clarinettist (d. <a "/kiwi/1971" title="1971">1971</a>)</li>
</ul>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="July">July</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=14" title="Edit section: July">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:102px;"><a "/kiwi/File:George_Cukor_-_1946.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/en/thumb/0/06/George_Cukor_-_1946.jpg/100px-George_Cukor_-_1946.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/en/thumb/0/06/George_Cukor_-_1946.jpg/150px-George_Cukor_-_1946.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/en/thumb/0/06/George_Cukor_-_1946.jpg/200px-George_Cukor_-_1946.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1188" data-file-height="1565" width="100" height="132"></a>
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<a "/kiwi/George_Cukor" title="George Cukor">George Cukor</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:102px;"><a "/kiwi/File:James_cagney_promo_photo.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
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<a "/kiwi/James_Cagney" title="James Cagney">James Cagney</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:102px;"><a "/kiwi/File:ErnestHemingway.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
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<a "/kiwi/Ernest_Hemingway" title="Ernest Hemingway">Ernest Hemingway</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:102px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Bundesarchiv_Bild_146-2007-0037,_Gustav_Heinemann.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
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<div class="thumbcaption">
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<a "/kiwi/Gustav_Heinemann" title="Gustav Heinemann">Gustav Heinemann</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/July_1" title="July 1">July 1</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Charles_Laughton" title="Charles Laughton">Charles Laughton</a>, English-American stage and film actor (d. <a "/kiwi/1962" title="1962">1962</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Konstantinos_Tsatsos" title="Konstantinos Tsatsos">Konstantinos Tsatsos</a>, President of Greece (d. <a "/kiwi/1987" title="1987">1987</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/July_5" title="July 5">July 5</a> <a "/kiwi/Marcel_Achard" title="Marcel Achard">Marcel Achard</a>, French play and scriptwriter (d. <a "/kiwi/1974" title="1974">1974</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/July_6" title="July 6">July 6</a> <a "/kiwi/Susannah_Mushatt_Jones" title="Susannah Mushatt Jones">Susannah Mushatt Jones</a>, American supercentenarian (d. <a "/kiwi/2016" title="2016">2016</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/July_7" title="July 7">July 7</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/George_Cukor" title="George Cukor">George Cukor</a>, American film director (d. <a "/kiwi/1983" title="1983">1983</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Jesse_Wallace" title="Jesse Wallace">Jesse Wallace</a>, American naval officer, 29th Governor of American Samoa (d. <a "/kiwi/1961" title="1961">1961</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/July_10" title="July 10">July 10</a> <a "/kiwi/John_Gilbert_(actor)" title="John Gilbert (actor)">John Gilbert</a>, American actor (d. <a "/kiwi/1936" title="1936">1936</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/July_11" title="July 11">July 11</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Frank_R._Walker" title="Frank R. Walker">Frank R. Walker</a>, American admiral (d. <a "/kiwi/1976" title="1976">1976</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/E._B._White" title="E. B. White">E. B. White</a>, American writer (d. <a "/kiwi/1985" title="1985">1985</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/July_15" title="July 15">July 15</a> <a "/kiwi/Se%C3%A1n_Lemass" title="Sen Lemass">Sen Lemass</a>, Taoiseach of Ireland (d. <a "/kiwi/1971" title="1971">1971</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/July_17" title="July 17">July 17</a> <a "/kiwi/James_Cagney" title="James Cagney">James Cagney</a>, American actor (d. <a "/kiwi/1986" title="1986">1986</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/July_21" title="July 21">July 21</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Hart_Crane" title="Hart Crane">Hart Crane</a>, American poet (d. <a "/kiwi/1932" title="1932">1932</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Ernest_Hemingway" title="Ernest Hemingway">Ernest Hemingway</a>, American author and journalist (d. <a "/kiwi/1961" title="1961">1961</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/July_22" title="July 22">July 22</a> King <a "/kiwi/Sobhuza_II_of_Swaziland" class="mw-redirect" title="Sobhuza II of Swaziland">Sobhuza II of Swaziland</a> (d. <a "/kiwi/1982" title="1982">1982</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/July_23" title="July 23">July 23</a> <a "/kiwi/Gustav_Heinemann" title="Gustav Heinemann">Gustav Heinemann</a>, former German president (d. <a "/kiwi/1976" title="1976">1976</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/July_24" title="July 24">July 24</a> <a "/kiwi/Chief_Dan_George" title="Chief Dan George">Chief Dan George</a>, Canadian actor and writer, tribal chief of the <a "/kiwi/Tsleil-Waututh_First_Nation" title="Tsleil-Waututh First Nation">Tsleil-Waututh First Nation</a> (d. <a "/kiwi/1981" title="1981">1981</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/July_29" title="July 29">July 29</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Walter_Beall" title="Walter Beall">Walter Beall</a>, American baseball player (d. <a "/kiwi/1959" title="1959">1959</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Alice_Terry" title="Alice Terry">Alice Terry</a>, American film actress (d. <a "/kiwi/1987" title="1987">1987</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
</ul>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="August">August</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=15" title="Edit section: August">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:102px;"><a "/kiwi/File:PL_Travers.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/4/40/PL_Travers.jpg/100px-PL_Travers.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/4/40/PL_Travers.jpg/150px-PL_Travers.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/4/40/PL_Travers.jpg/200px-PL_Travers.jpg 2x" data-file-width="446" data-file-height="606" width="100" height="136"></a>
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<a "/kiwi/P._L._Travers" title="P. L. Travers">P. L. Travers</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:102px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Hitchcock,_Alfred_02.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/9/94/Hitchcock%2C_Alfred_02.jpg/100px-Hitchcock%2C_Alfred_02.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/9/94/Hitchcock%2C_Alfred_02.jpg/150px-Hitchcock%2C_Alfred_02.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/9/94/Hitchcock%2C_Alfred_02.jpg/200px-Hitchcock%2C_Alfred_02.jpg 2x" data-file-width="802" data-file-height="890" width="100" height="111"></a>
<div class="thumbcaption">
<div class="magnify"><a "/kiwi/File:Hitchcock,_Alfred_02.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>
<a "/kiwi/Alfred_Hitchcock" title="Alfred Hitchcock">Alfred Hitchcock</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:102px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Charles_Boyer_-_Photoplay,_January_1942.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/e/e2/Charles_Boyer_-_Photoplay%2C_January_1942.jpg/100px-Charles_Boyer_-_Photoplay%2C_January_1942.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/e/e2/Charles_Boyer_-_Photoplay%2C_January_1942.jpg/150px-Charles_Boyer_-_Photoplay%2C_January_1942.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/e/e2/Charles_Boyer_-_Photoplay%2C_January_1942.jpg/200px-Charles_Boyer_-_Photoplay%2C_January_1942.jpg 2x" data-file-width="2767" data-file-height="3858" width="100" height="139"></a>
<div class="thumbcaption">
<div class="magnify"><a "/kiwi/File:Charles_Boyer_-_Photoplay,_January_1942.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>
<a "/kiwi/Charles_Boyer" title="Charles Boyer">Charles Boyer</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/August_4" title="August 4">August 4</a> <a "/kiwi/Ezra_Taft_Benson" title="Ezra Taft Benson">Ezra Taft Benson</a>, 13th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. <a "/kiwi/1994" title="1994">1994</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/August_9" title="August 9">August 9</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Paul_Kelly_(actor)" title="Paul Kelly (actor)">Paul Kelly</a>, stage &amp; film actor (d. <a "/kiwi/1956" title="1956">1956</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/P._L._Travers" title="P. L. Travers">P. L. Travers</a>, Australian-born British actress, journalist and author (d. <a "/kiwi/1996" title="1996">1996</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/August_13" title="August 13">August 13</a> <a "/kiwi/Alfred_Hitchcock" title="Alfred Hitchcock">Alfred Hitchcock</a>, British film director (d. <a "/kiwi/1980" title="1980">1980</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/August_19" title="August 19">August 19</a> <a "/kiwi/Colleen_Moore" title="Colleen Moore">Colleen Moore</a>, American actress (d. <a "/kiwi/1988" title="1988">1988</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/August_24" title="August 24">August 24</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Jorge_Luis_Borges" title="Jorge Luis Borges">Jorge Luis Borges</a>, Argentine writer (d. <a "/kiwi/1986" title="1986">1986</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Albert_Claude" title="Albert Claude">Albert Claude</a>, Belgian biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. <a "/kiwi/1983" title="1983">1983</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/August_27" title="August 27">August 27</a> <a "/kiwi/Byron_Foulger" title="Byron Foulger">Byron Foulger</a>, American actor (d. <a "/kiwi/1970" title="1970">1970</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/August_28" title="August 28">August 28</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Charles_Boyer" title="Charles Boyer">Charles Boyer</a>, French actor (d. <a "/kiwi/1978" title="1978">1978</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Vernon_Huber" title="Vernon Huber">Vernon Huber</a>, American Rear admiral (United States); 36th Governor of American Samoa (d. <a "/kiwi/1967" title="1967">1967</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/August_29" title="August 29">August 29</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Lyman_Lemnitzer" title="Lyman Lemnitzer">Lyman Lemnitzer</a>, American general (d. <a "/kiwi/1988" title="1988">1988</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Rufino_Tamayo" title="Rufino Tamayo">Rufino Tamayo</a>, Mexican painter (d. <a "/kiwi/1991" title="1991">1991</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/August_30" title="August 30">August 30</a> <a "/kiwi/Ray_Arcel" title="Ray Arcel">Ray Arcel</a>, American boxing trainer (d. <a "/kiwi/1994" title="1994">1994</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/August_31" title="August 31">August 31</a> <a "/kiwi/Boots_Adams" title="Boots Adams">Boots Adams</a>, American business magnate, president of <a "/kiwi/Phillips_Petroleum_Company" title="Phillips Petroleum Company">Phillips Petroleum Company</a> (d. <a "/kiwi/1975" title="1975">1975</a>)</li>
</ul>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="September">September</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=16" title="Edit section: September">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/September_1" title="September 1">September 1</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Andrei_Platonovich_Klimentov" class="mw-redirect" title="Andrei Platonovich Klimentov">Andrei Platonovich Klimentov</a>, Russian-born Soviet writer (d. <a "/kiwi/1951" title="1951">1951</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Takuma_Nishimura" title="Takuma Nishimura">Takuma Nishimura</a>, Japanese general (d. <a "/kiwi/1951" title="1951">1951</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/September_3" title="September 3">September 3</a> <a "/kiwi/Frank_Macfarlane_Burnet" title="Frank Macfarlane Burnet">Frank Macfarlane Burnet</a>, Australian biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. <a "/kiwi/1985" title="1985">1985</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/September_9" title="September 9">September 9</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Brassa%C3%AF" title="Brassa">Brassa</a>, French photographer (d. <a "/kiwi/1984" title="1984">1984</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Waite_Hoyt" title="Waite Hoyt">Waite Hoyt</a>, American baseball player (d. <a "/kiwi/1984" title="1984">1984</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/September_13" title="September 13">September 13</a> <a "/kiwi/Corneliu_Zelea_Codreanu" title="Corneliu Zelea Codreanu">Corneliu Zelea Codreanu</a>, Romanian fascist politician, leader of the Iron Guard (d. <a "/kiwi/1938" title="1938">1938</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/September_17" title="September 17">September 17</a> <a "/kiwi/Harold_Bennett" title="Harold Bennett">Harold Bennett</a>, British actor (d. <a "/kiwi/1981" title="1981">1981</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/September_18" title="September 18">September 18</a> <a "/kiwi/Ida_Kami%C5%84ska" title="Ida Kamiska">Ida Kamiska</a>, Polish-Jewish actress, playwright, and translator (d. <a "/kiwi/1980" title="1980">1980</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/September_21" title="September 21">September 21</a> <a "/kiwi/Frederick_Coutts" title="Frederick Coutts">Frederick Coutts</a>, 8th General of The Salvation Army (d. <a "/kiwi/1986" title="1986">1986</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/September_23" title="September 23">September 23</a> <a "/kiwi/Tom_C._Clark" title="Tom C. Clark">Tom C. Clark</a>, <a "/kiwi/Associate_Justice_of_the_Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States" title="Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States">Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States</a> (d. <a "/kiwi/1977" title="1977">1977</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/September_28" title="September 28">September 28</a> <a "/kiwi/Boris_Yefimov" title="Boris Yefimov">Boris Yefimov</a>, Russian political cartoonist (d. <a "/kiwi/2008" title="2008">2008</a>)</li>
</ul>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="October">October</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=17" title="Edit section: October">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/October_1" title="October 1">October 1</a> <a "/kiwi/Ernest_Haycox" title="Ernest Haycox">Ernest Haycox</a>, American writer (d. <a "/kiwi/1950" title="1950">1950</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/October_3" title="October 3">October 3</a> <a "/kiwi/Gertrude_Berg" title="Gertrude Berg">Gertrude Berg</a>, American actress (d. <a "/kiwi/1966" title="1966">1966</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/October_4" title="October 4">October 4</a> <a "/kiwi/Franz_Jonas" title="Franz Jonas">Franz Jonas</a>, former <a "/kiwi/President_of_Austria" title="President of Austria">President of Austria</a> (d. <a "/kiwi/1974" title="1974">1974</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/October_5" title="October 5">October 5</a> <a "/kiwi/George,_Duke_of_Mecklenburg" title="George, Duke of Mecklenburg">George, Duke of Mecklenburg</a>, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. <a "/kiwi/1963" title="1963">1963</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/October_9" title="October 9">October 9</a> <a "/kiwi/Bruce_Catton" title="Bruce Catton">Bruce Catton</a>, American Civil War historian, Pulitzer Prize winner (1954) (d. <a "/kiwi/1978" title="1978">1978</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/October_19" title="October 19">October 19</a> <a "/kiwi/Miguel_%C3%81ngel_Asturias" title="Miguel ngel Asturias">Miguel ngel Asturias</a>, Guatemalan writer, <a "/kiwi/Nobel_Prize_in_Literature" title="Nobel Prize in Literature">Nobel Prize</a> laureate (d. <a "/kiwi/1974" title="1974">1974</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/October_20" title="October 20">October 20</a> <a "/kiwi/Evelyn_Brent" title="Evelyn Brent">Evelyn Brent</a>, American actress (d. <a "/kiwi/1975" title="1975">1975</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/October_29" title="October 29">October 29</a> <a "/kiwi/Akim_Tamiroff" title="Akim Tamiroff">Akim Tamiroff</a>, Armenian actor (d. <a "/kiwi/1972" title="1972">1972</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/October_30" title="October 30">October 30</a> <a "/kiwi/Katarina_Marini%C4%8D" title="Katarina Marini">Katarina Marini</a>, <a "/kiwi/Slovenia" title="Slovenia">Slovenia</a>'s oldest person. (d. <a "/kiwi/2010" title="2010">2010</a>)</li>
</ul>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="November">November</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=18" title="Edit section: November">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:102px;"><a "/kiwi/File:PatO%27Brien1972.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/3/3e/PatO%27Brien1972.jpg/100px-PatO%27Brien1972.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/3/3e/PatO%27Brien1972.jpg/150px-PatO%27Brien1972.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/3/3e/PatO%27Brien1972.jpg/200px-PatO%27Brien1972.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1361" data-file-height="2335" width="100" height="172"></a>
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<a "/kiwi/Pat_O%27Brien_(actor)" title="Pat O'Brien (actor)">Pat O'Brien</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/November_5" title="November 5">November 5</a> <a "/kiwi/Forrest_Lewis" title="Forrest Lewis">Forrest Lewis</a>, American actor (d. <a "/kiwi/1977" title="1977">1977</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/November_6" title="November 6">November 6</a> <a "/kiwi/Feng_Zhanhai" title="Feng Zhanhai">Feng Zhanhai</a>, Chinese military leader and government official (d. <a "/kiwi/1963" title="1963">1963</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/November_7" title="November 7">November 7</a> <a "/kiwi/Yitzhak_Lamdan" title="Yitzhak Lamdan">Yitzhak Lamdan</a>, Russian-born Israeli poet and columnist (d. <a "/kiwi/1954" title="1954">1954</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/November_11" title="November 11">November 11</a> <a "/kiwi/Pat_O%27Brien_(actor)" title="Pat O'Brien (actor)">Pat O'Brien</a>, American actor (d. <a "/kiwi/1983" title="1983">1983</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/November_13" title="November 13">November 13</a> <a "/kiwi/Vera_Caspary" title="Vera Caspary">Vera Caspary</a>, American screenwriter, novelist, playwright (d. <a "/kiwi/1987" title="1987">1987</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/November_15" title="November 15">November 15</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Avdy_Andresson" title="Avdy Andresson">Avdy Andresson</a>, Estonian Minister of War in Exile (d. <a "/kiwi/1990" title="1990">1990</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Iskander_Mirza" title="Iskander Mirza">Iskander Mirza</a>, first President of Pakistan (d. <a "/kiwi/1969" title="1969">1969</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/November_17" title="November 17">November 17</a> <a "/kiwi/Douglas_Shearer" title="Douglas Shearer">Douglas Shearer</a>, American film sound engineer (d. <a "/kiwi/1971" title="1971">1971</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/November_18" title="November 18">November 18</a> <a "/kiwi/Eugene_Ormandy" title="Eugene Ormandy">Eugene Ormandy</a>, Hungarian conductor (d. <a "/kiwi/1985" title="1985">1985</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/November_19" title="November 19">November 19</a> <a "/kiwi/Abu_al-Qasim_al-Khoei" title="Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei">Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei</a>, Shia Ayatollah (d. <a "/kiwi/1992" title="1992">1992</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/November_21" title="November 21">November 21</a> <a "/kiwi/Jobyna_Ralston" title="Jobyna Ralston">Jobyna Ralston</a>, American actress (d. <a "/kiwi/1967" title="1967">1967</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/November_22" title="November 22">November 22</a> <a "/kiwi/Hoagy_Carmichael" title="Hoagy Carmichael">Hoagy Carmichael</a>, American composer, pianist, singer, actor, and bandleader (d. <a "/kiwi/1981" title="1981">1981</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/November_23" title="November 23">November 23</a> <a "/kiwi/Manuel_dos_Reis_Machado" title="Manuel dos Reis Machado">Manuel dos Reis Machado</a>, Brazilian martial arts Master (d. <a "/kiwi/1974" title="1974">1974</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/November_24" title="November 24">November 24</a> <a "/kiwi/Soraya_Tarzi" title="Soraya Tarzi">Soraya Tarzi</a>, Afghan feminist and queen (d. <a "/kiwi/1968" title="1968">1968</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/November_26" title="November 26">November 26</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Mona_Bruns" title="Mona Bruns">Mona Bruns</a>, American actress on the stage, films, radio, and television (d. <a "/kiwi/2000" title="2000">2000</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Richard_Hauptmann" title="Richard Hauptmann">Richard Hauptmann</a>, German murderer of <a "/kiwi/Charles_Lindbergh,_Jr." class="mw-redirect" title="Charles Lindbergh, Jr.">Charles Lindbergh, Jr.</a> (d. <a "/kiwi/1936" title="1936">1936</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Maurice_Rose" title="Maurice Rose">Maurice Rose</a>, American general (d. <a "/kiwi/1945" title="1945">1945</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/November_29" title="November 29">November 29</a> <a "/kiwi/Emma_Morano" title="Emma Morano">Emma Morano</a>, Italian supercentenarian, last known living person born in the 1800s (d. <a "/kiwi/2017" title="2017">2017</a>)</li>
</ul>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="December">December</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=19" title="Edit section: December">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:102px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Harold_Abrahams_1921.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/c/c8/Harold_Abrahams_1921.jpg/100px-Harold_Abrahams_1921.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/c/c8/Harold_Abrahams_1921.jpg/150px-Harold_Abrahams_1921.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/c/c8/Harold_Abrahams_1921.jpg/200px-Harold_Abrahams_1921.jpg 2x" data-file-width="555" data-file-height="1179" width="100" height="212"></a>
<div class="thumbcaption">
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<a "/kiwi/Harold_Abrahams" title="Harold Abrahams">Harold Abrahams</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:102px;"><a "/kiwi/File:No%C3%ABl_Coward_01.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/9/9c/No%C3%ABl_Coward_01.jpg/100px-No%C3%ABl_Coward_01.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/9/9c/No%C3%ABl_Coward_01.jpg/150px-No%C3%ABl_Coward_01.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/9/9c/No%C3%ABl_Coward_01.jpg/200px-No%C3%ABl_Coward_01.jpg 2x" data-file-width="468" data-file-height="631" width="100" height="135"></a>
<div class="thumbcaption">
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<a "/kiwi/No%C3%ABl_Coward" title="Nol Coward">Nol Coward</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:102px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Martin_Luther_King_Sr,_c1977-81.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/5/52/Martin_Luther_King_Sr%2C_c1977-81.jpg/100px-Martin_Luther_King_Sr%2C_c1977-81.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/5/52/Martin_Luther_King_Sr%2C_c1977-81.jpg/150px-Martin_Luther_King_Sr%2C_c1977-81.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/5/52/Martin_Luther_King_Sr%2C_c1977-81.jpg/200px-Martin_Luther_King_Sr%2C_c1977-81.jpg 2x" data-file-width="743" data-file-height="1042" width="100" height="140"></a>
<div class="thumbcaption">
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<a "/kiwi/Martin_Luther_King_Sr." title="Martin Luther King Sr.">Martin Luther King Sr.</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:102px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Humphrey_Bogart_1945.JPG" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/4/44/Humphrey_Bogart_1945.JPG/100px-Humphrey_Bogart_1945.JPG" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/4/44/Humphrey_Bogart_1945.JPG/150px-Humphrey_Bogart_1945.JPG 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/4/44/Humphrey_Bogart_1945.JPG/200px-Humphrey_Bogart_1945.JPG 2x" data-file-width="802" data-file-height="1060" width="100" height="132"></a>
<div class="thumbcaption">
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<a "/kiwi/Humphrey_Bogart" title="Humphrey Bogart">Humphrey Bogart</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/December_1" title="December 1">December 1</a> <a "/kiwi/Gaetano_Lucchese" class="mw-redirect" title="Gaetano Lucchese">Gaetano Lucchese</a>, American gangster and future boss of the <a "/kiwi/Lucchese_crime_family" title="Lucchese crime family">Lucchese crime family</a> (d. <a "/kiwi/1967" title="1967">1967</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/December_2" title="December 2">December 2</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/John_Barbirolli" title="John Barbirolli">John Barbirolli</a>, English conductor (d. <a "/kiwi/1970" title="1970">1970</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Ray_Morehart" title="Ray Morehart">Ray Morehart</a>, American baseball player (d. <a "/kiwi/1989" title="1989">1989</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/December_3" title="December 3">December 3</a> <a "/kiwi/Hayato_Ikeda" title="Hayato Ikeda">Hayato Ikeda</a>, Prime Minister of Japan (d. <a "/kiwi/1965" title="1965">1965</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/December_8" title="December 8">December 8</a> <a "/kiwi/John_Qualen" title="John Qualen">John Qualen</a>, Canadian-American actor (d. <a "/kiwi/1987" title="1987">1987</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/December_9" title="December 9">December 9</a> <a "/kiwi/Jean_de_Brunhoff" title="Jean de Brunhoff">Jean de Brunhoff</a>, French writer (d. <a "/kiwi/1937" title="1937">1937</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/December_15" title="December 15">December 15</a> <a "/kiwi/Harold_Abrahams" title="Harold Abrahams">Harold Abrahams</a>, British athlete (d. <a "/kiwi/1978" title="1978">1978</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/December_14" title="December 14">December 14</a> <a "/kiwi/DeFord_Bailey" title="DeFord Bailey">DeFord Bailey</a>, American country musician (d. <a "/kiwi/1982" title="1982">1982</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/December_16" title="December 16">December 16</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/No%C3%ABl_Coward" title="Nol Coward">Nol Coward</a>, English actor, playwright, and composer (d. <a "/kiwi/1973" title="1973">1973</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Aleksander_Zawadzki" title="Aleksander Zawadzki">Aleksander Zawadzki</a>, former <a "/kiwi/President_of_Poland" title="President of Poland">President of Poland</a> (d. <a "/kiwi/1964" title="1964">1964</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/December_18" title="December 18">December 18</a> <a "/kiwi/Peter_Wessel_Zapffe" title="Peter Wessel Zapffe">Peter Wessel Zapffe</a>, Norwegian author and philosopher (d. <a "/kiwi/1990" title="1990">1990</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/December_19" title="December 19">December 19</a> <a "/kiwi/Martin_Luther_King_Sr." title="Martin Luther King Sr.">Martin Luther King Sr.</a>, American Baptist pastor, missionary, and an early figure in the <a "/kiwi/Civil_Rights_Movement" class="mw-redirect" title="Civil Rights Movement">Civil Rights Movement</a>, father of <a "/kiwi/Martin_Luther_King_Jr." title="Martin Luther King Jr.">Martin Luther King Jr.</a> (d. <a "/kiwi/1984" title="1984">1984</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/December_20" title="December 20">December 20</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Finn_Ronne" title="Finn Ronne">Finn Ronne</a>, Norwegian-American explorer (d. <a "/kiwi/1980" title="1980">1980</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/John_Sparkman" title="John Sparkman">John Sparkman</a>, American politician (d. <a "/kiwi/1985" title="1985">1985</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/December_25" title="December 25">December 25</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Humphrey_Bogart" title="Humphrey Bogart">Humphrey Bogart</a>, American actor (d. <a "/kiwi/1957" title="1957">1957</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Frank_Ferguson" title="Frank Ferguson">Frank Ferguson</a>, American actor (d. <a "/kiwi/1978" title="1978">1978</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/December_28" title="December 28">December 28</a> <a "/kiwi/Eugeniusz_Bodo" title="Eugeniusz Bodo">Eugeniusz Bodo</a>, Polish actor (d. <a "/kiwi/1943" title="1943">1943</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/December_29" title="December 29">December 29</a> <a "/kiwi/Nie_Rongzhen" title="Nie Rongzhen">Nie Rongzhen</a>, Chinese Communist military leader (d. <a "/kiwi/1992" title="1992">1992</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/December_31" title="December 31">December 31</a> <a "/kiwi/Friedrich_Panse" title="Friedrich Panse">Friedrich Panse</a>, German psychiatrist (d. <a "/kiwi/1973" title="1973">1973</a>)</li>
</ul>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Date_unknown_2">Date unknown</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=20" title="Edit section: Date unknown">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Claire_Huchet_Bishop" title="Claire Huchet Bishop">Claire Huchet Bishop</a>, author of <i><a "/kiwi/The_Five_Chinese_Brothers" title="The Five Chinese Brothers">The Five Chinese Brothers</a></i> with the illustrator <a "/kiwi/Kurt_Wiese" title="Kurt Wiese">Kurt Wiese</a> and <i>The Man Who Lost His Head</i> with the illustrator <a "/kiwi/Robert_McCloskey" title="Robert McCloskey">Robert McCloskey</a> (d. <a "/kiwi/1993" title="1993">1993</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Burr_Shafer" title="Burr Shafer">Burr Shafer</a>, American cartoonist (d. <a "/kiwi/1965" title="1965">1965</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Otto_Klemperer_(physicist)" title="Otto Klemperer (physicist)">Otto Klemperer</a>, German physicist (d. <a "/kiwi/1987#Deaths" title="1987">1987</a>)</li>
</ul>
<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Deaths">Deaths</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=21" title="Edit section: Deaths">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2>
<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="January.E2.80.93June">JanuaryJune</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a "/w/index.php?title=1899&amp;action=edit&amp;section=22" title="Edit section: JanuaryJune">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:112px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Alfred_Sisley_photo_full.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/b/bf/Alfred_Sisley_photo_full.jpg/110px-Alfred_Sisley_photo_full.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/b/bf/Alfred_Sisley_photo_full.jpg/165px-Alfred_Sisley_photo_full.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/b/bf/Alfred_Sisley_photo_full.jpg/220px-Alfred_Sisley_photo_full.jpg 2x" data-file-width="266" data-file-height="425" width="110" height="176"></a>
<div class="thumbcaption">
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<a "/kiwi/Alfred_Sisley" title="Alfred Sisley">Alfred Sisley</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:112px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Paul_Julius_Reuter_1869.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/6/6d/Paul_Julius_Reuter_1869.jpg/110px-Paul_Julius_Reuter_1869.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/6/6d/Paul_Julius_Reuter_1869.jpg/165px-Paul_Julius_Reuter_1869.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/6/6d/Paul_Julius_Reuter_1869.jpg/220px-Paul_Julius_Reuter_1869.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1317" data-file-height="1644" width="110" height="137"></a>
<div class="thumbcaption">
<div class="magnify"><a "/kiwi/File:Paul_Julius_Reuter_1869.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div>
<a "/kiwi/Paul_Reuter" title="Paul Reuter">Paul Reuter</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="thumb tright">
<div class="thumbinner" style="width:112px;"><a "/kiwi/File:Antonio_luna_small.jpg" class=""><img alt="" "
upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/7/74/Antonio_luna_small.jpg/110px-Antonio_luna_small.jpg" class="thumb" srcset="//upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/7/74/Antonio_luna_small.jpg/165px-Antonio_luna_small.jpg 1.5x, //upload.kiwimediaencarta2018.ga/kiwipedia/commons/thumb/7/74/Antonio_luna_small.jpg/220px-Antonio_luna_small.jpg 2x" data-file-width="268" data-file-height="400" width="110" height="164"></a>
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<a "/kiwi/Antonio_Luna" title="Antonio Luna">Antonio Luna</a></div>
</div>
</div>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_23" title="January 23">January 23</a> <a "/kiwi/Romualdo_Pacheco" title="Romualdo Pacheco">Romualdo Pacheco</a>, Governor of California (b. <a "/kiwi/1831" title="1831">1831</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_29" title="January 29">January 29</a> <a "/kiwi/Alfred_Sisley" title="Alfred Sisley">Alfred Sisley</a>, French Impressionist landscape painter (b. <a "/kiwi/1839" title="1839">1839</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/January_31" title="January 31">January 31</a> <a "/kiwi/Princess_Marie_Louise_of_Bourbon-Parma" title="Princess Marie Louise of Bourbon-Parma">Princess Marie Louise of Bourbon-Parma</a>, Princess-consort of Bulgaria (b. <a "/kiwi/1870" title="1870">1870</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_6" title="February 6">February 6</a>
<ul>
<li><a "/kiwi/Leo_von_Caprivi" title="Leo von Caprivi">Leo von Caprivi</a>, Chancellor of Germany (b. <a "/kiwi/1831" title="1831">1831</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/Alfred,_Hereditary_Prince_of_Saxe-Coburg_and_Gotha" title="Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha">Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha</a> (b. <a "/kiwi/1874" title="1874">1874</a>)</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_16" title="February 16">February 16</a> <a "/kiwi/F%C3%A9lix_Faure" title="Flix Faure">Flix Faure</a>, President of France (b. <a "/kiwi/1841" title="1841">1841</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/February_25" title="February 25">February 25</a> <a "/kiwi/Paul_Reuter" title="Paul Reuter">Paul Reuter</a>, German-born news agency founder (b. <a "/kiwi/1816" title="1816">1816</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_3" title="March 3">March 3</a> <a "/kiwi/William_P._Sprague" title="William P. Sprague">William P. Sprague</a>, American politician from Ohio (b. <a "/kiwi/1827" title="1827">1827</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_6" title="March 6">March 6</a> Princess <a "/kiwi/Ka%CA%BBiulani" title="Kaiulani">Kaiulani</a>, last monarch of Hawaii (b. <a "/kiwi/1875" title="1875">1875</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_20" title="March 20">March 20</a> <a "/kiwi/Martha_Place" class="mw-redirect" title="Martha Place">Martha Place</a>, American murderer, first woman executed in the <a "/kiwi/Electric_chair" title="Electric chair">electric chair</a> (b. <a "/kiwi/1849" title="1849">1849</a>)</li>
<li><a "/kiwi/March_24" title="March 24">March 24</a> <a "/kiwi/Marie_Goegg-Pouchoulin" title="Marie Goegg-Pouchoulin">Marie Goegg-Pouchoulin</a>, Swiss national and international women's rights activist and pacifist (b. <a "/kiwi/1826" title="1826">1826</a>)</li>
<li><a